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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cartographer
map-maker
astrolabe
instrument to determine latitude at sea
caravel
rigging that included square and triangular sails
scurvy
disease caused by lack of vitamin C
circumnavigate
sail around the world
Henry the Navigator
sponsors voyages to spread christianity,gain wealth for portugal
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator from Italy sailed for spain to India reaches Caribbean
pepper cost
$125 for 12oz.
most prized trade items
nutmeg, cinnamon,cloves,pepper
spice uses
preserve food,add flavor, medicines, perfumes
Moluccas
chief source of spices, an island chain in present day Indonesia
Spice Islands
Moluccas
motives to bypass mediterraean enroute to asia
wealth, old desire to crusade against muslims, renaissance spirit of inquiry
technology improvements
more accurate maps,astrolabe,caravel, more weapons, sturdier cannons
Explorers for Portugal
Dias, DeGama
Explorers for Spain
Columbus,Balboa,Magellan,Elcano
Explorers for England
Cabot
Explorers for France
Cartier
Explorers for Netherlands
Hudson
line of demarcation
divided non-european world into two zones
spain exploration rites
west of demarcation line
portugal exploration rites
east of demarcation line
Cape of Good Hope
southern tip of africa that opened sea route to asia
Calicut
great spice port west coast of India
Pacific Ocean
Peaceful Ocean
Vasco de Gama
famous for his completion of the first all water trade route between Europe and India
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
first european to see the pacific ocean
Ferdinand Magellan
first circumnavigation of the world
matrilineal
inheritence through the mother
stupa
domed shaped shrines
padi
rice field
Southeast Asia two Major regions
Mainland and Island
Mainland countries
Myanmar,Thailand, Cambodia,Loas,part of Malaysia
Island countries
Indonesia,Singapore,Brunei and Phillipines
four main river valleys
Irrawaddy,Chao,Phraya,Mekong and Red
Seaborne trade between China and India passed through what straits
Malacca or Sunda in Island SE Asia
Key products of SE asia
Spices
Cargo destination from SE asia
most to East Asia,Middle east and East Africa fraction to europe
religons of south east asia
Hinduism,Buddhism,Islam,daoism
Pagan Kingdom
fertile rice growing Irrawaddy Valley in present day Myanmar
Khmer Empire
Present day Cambodia,Thailand, Malaysia
Angkor Wat
Great temple complex built by Khmer king Suryavarman II,carved figures tell Hindu myths and glorify the king
Srivijaya Empire
Controlled the strait of Malacca located in Island SE Asia
Annan
present day North Vietnam conquerred by China
Trung Sisters
led a revolt to oust China from Vietnam in 39ad