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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
is the systematic study of human society
is the study of the larger world and our society's place in it.
global perspective
is a basic image of society that guides thinking and research.
theoretical paradigm
are the consequences of any social pattern for the operation of society as a whole.
social functions
are the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern.
manifest functions
are the unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern.
latent functions
is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
Structural-functional paradigm
is a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change.
Social-conflict paradigm
is a framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals.
Symbolic-interaction paradigm
is an apparent, although false, relationship between two (or more) variables caused by some other variable.
Spurious correlation
is a change in a subject's behavior caused simply by the awareness of being studied.
Hawthorne effect
is the values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that together form a people's way of life.
is the tangible things created by members of a society.
Material culture
is the intangible world of ideas created by members of a society.
Nonmaterial culture
are rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members.
are norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance.
are norms for routine or casual interaction.
is the dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns.
is the practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards.
Cultural relativism
are traits that are part of every know culture.
Cultural universals
are people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profit.