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21 Cards in this Set

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are people who sell their productive labor for wages.
Proletarians
is Marx's term for explanations of social problems as the shortcomings of individuals rather than as the flaws of society.
False consciousness
is Marx's term for workers' recognition of themselves as a class unified in opposition to capitalists and, ultimately, to capitalism itself.
Class consciousness
is the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture.
Socialization
is a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling.
Personality
are impersonal communications aimed at a vast audience.
Mass media
is a category of people with common characteristics, usually their age.
Cohort
is a setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff.
Total institution
is a social position a person receives at birth or assumes involuntarily later in life.
Ascribed status
is a social position a person assumes voluntarily that reflects ability and effort.
Achieved status
is a status that a society defines as having special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life.
Master status
is the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction.
Social construction of reality
is the assertion that situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences.
Thomas theorem
is the recognized violation of cultural norms.
Deviance
is a powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity.
Stigma
is the transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition.
Medicalization of deviance
is crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupations.
White-collar crime
is the deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more.
Relative poverty
is a deprivation of resources that is life-threatening.
Absolute poverty
is a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important.
Race
is a shared cultural heritage.
Ethnicity