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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
General Definition of Personality Disorder
Enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates from expectations of individual's culture.
DX Definition of Personality Disorder
Is pervasive and inflexible
Onset in adolescence or early adulthood
Stable over time
Leads to distress
Types of Personality Disorders
Paranoid
Schizoid
Schizotypal
Antisocial
Borderline
Histrionic
Narcissistic
Avoidant
Dependent
Obessive-Compulsive
Paranoid
-General definition-
General mistrust/suspiciousness of others
Paranoid Disorder
- Must exhibit 4 of the following:-
1) Believe others are exploiting/harming them w/o evidence
2) Questions loyalty of friends
3) Avoids confiding in others
4) Perceives benign remarks as threatening
5) Bear grudges
6) Interpret remarks as personal attacks
or 7) Unwarrented doubts about partner fidelity (common in males)
Schizoid
-General Definition-
Restricted range of emotions and a pattern of detachment from others
Schizoid
-Common symptoms-
a) Lack of interst in close relationships
b) Prefers solitary activities
c) Minimal sexual interest
d) No pleasure in activities
e) Absence of friends
f) Indifference to praise/criticism
g) Emotional detachment/ flat affect
Schizotypal
-General Definition-
Pattern of deficits in interpersonal skills and decreased capacity for close relationships
Schizotypal
-Common Symptoms-
a) Cognitive/perceptual distortions
b) Ideas of reference (casual evens have special meaning)
c) Odd beliefs/magical thinking
d) Unusal perceptual experiences
e) Oddities in thought/speech
f) Affect in appropriate
g) Paranoid beliefs
h) Odd/Eccentric behavior
i) Absence of close friends
j) Social anxiety
Antisocial
-General Definition-
Pattern of disregard for or violation of others' rights. Evident since age 18
More common in males
Antisocial
-Common symptoms-
a) Frequent violations of law
b) Deceitfulness for personal gain
c) Impulsive behavior or lack of planning
d) Irritability/Agressive
e) Disregard for own safety and others
f) Consistent Irresponsibility
g) Absence of remorse
If an individual displays Antisocial Personality Disorder symptoms, but is under 18 yrs., they have...
Conduct Disorder
Borderline
-General Definition-
Instability in relationships, self-image, and affect as well as impulsive behavior
More common in females
Borderline
-Common Symptoms-
a) Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment
b) Unstable & intense relationships
c) Disturbance in identity
d) Impulsive behavior w/potential for self-harm
e) Repeated suicidal threats
f) Unstable affect caused by reactivity of mood
g) Persistent feelings of emptiness
h) Chronic anger w/difficulty controlling
i) Brief episodes of paranoid ideation
Histrionic
-General Definition-
High emotionality and attention seeking
More common in females
Histrionic
-Common Symptoms-
a) Discomfort when not center of attention
b) Inappropriately seductive
c) Rapid shifts in emotion and emotional shallowness
d) Use physical appearance to attract others
e) Speech is impressionistic and devoid of detail
f) Dramatic in behavior and expression of emotion
g) Suggestible
h) Perceives relationhships closer than they are
Narcissistic
-General Definition-
Grandiosity, a need to be admired by others, and an absence of empathy
More common in males
Narcissitic
-Common symptoms-
a) Exaggerated sense of importance
b) Fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance
c) Perception of being special and belief that they can only be understood by specific, high-status people
d) Sense of entitlement
e) Uses others to achieve personal goals
f) Envious of others
g) Arrogant, haughty
Avoidant
-General Definition-
Social inhibition, low self-esteem, and excessive sensitivity to criticism
Equally common in males/females
Avoidant
-Common symptoms-
a) Avoidance of interpersonal relationships because oversensitivity to rejection
b) Guardedness in intimate relationships out of fear of shame
c) Perception of inferiority to others
d) Avoidance of new acitivities for fear of embarassment
Dependent
-General Definition-
Extreme need to be taken care of.
Leads to submissive behavior and clinginess as well as fear of separation
More common in females
Dependent
-Common symptoms-
a) Excessive need for advice when faced w/decisions
b) Need for others to take responsiblity of their life
c) Express agreement w/others even when in disagreement
d) Problems taking on projects
e) Volunteers for unpleasant taks in hopes of gaining support from others
f) Uncomfortable being alone for fear of not being able to care for self
g) Seeks to fill loss of close relationships by seeking a replacement relationship
h) Preoccupation of situation in which they must care for self
Obessive-Compulive
-General Definition-
Perfectionism, preoccupation with orderliness, and effort to control self and others.
Results in reduced flexibility, openess, efficiency.
More common in males.
Obessive-Compulsive
-Common Symptoms-
a) Preoccupation w/rules, details, lists
b) Prefectionism that makes completion of tasks difficult
c) Excessive devotion to work/productivity at the expense of other activities
d) Rigid around morality, ethics, values
e) Inability to let go of worn-out items
f) Reluctance to delegate
g) Miserly
h) Rigid and stubborn