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15 Cards in this Set

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Founder of psychoanalysis & most influential psychologist who ever lived
Sigmund Freud
Freud held a highly __________ view of the human condition.
pessimistic
What made Freud's view of the human condition pessimistic?
1. Most of us never understand the hings we do.

2. Most of us are contolled by childhood dynamics.

3. We are all driven by destructive impulses.

4. Without societal pressures to curb our primitive desires, society would not even be possible.
Freud's understanding of the human mind was represented by the __________.
iceberg
Tip of the iceberg
conscious awareness
Bottom of the iceberg
unconscious
The unconscious
1. largely a storehouse of repressed, childhood memories, traumas, and early conflicts.

2. too frightening for us to face, so we push it away from awareness.
Early experiences in life shape and control our __________.
later attitudes and behavior
__________ always assumes that in order to understand any complex phenomenon we have to get back to its source.
Psychoanalysis
The notion that our personalities are "set" in ou childhoods is a __________.
Freudian notion
Psychological Defense Mechanisms
1. attempt to rescu us from finding out the truth about ourslves.

2. necessary for our survival in childood, but the problem is that we learn them too well and they later interfere with self-knowledge.

3. tricks our minds play on us.
Examples of Psychological Defense Mechanisms
1. rationalization
2. projection
3. reaction-formation
4. displacement
5. dissociation
Rationalization
making up false excuses for our behavior
Projection
pushing off onto someone else what we are really feeling
Reaction-Formation
acting as if we are feeling the opposite of what we are really feeling