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39 Cards in this Set

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Students who, for whatever reason, are pursuing undergraduate work at an age other than the 18-24 year-old student are referred to as
nontraditional-age students
Which of the following is the best example of generativity?
Contributing spare time to chaperone your children's school trips.
The term morbidity refers to
Illness and disease
During which of Prochaska's Stages of Change would an individual have the desire to make a change in behavior but have little understanding of how to go about it?
Contemplation stage
Your body weight, visual ability, strength and level of susceptibility to disease are components of which dimension of health?
Physical
This dimension of health encompasses the ability to process and act on information
Intellictually
The expectation that one will "give back" to society falls mainly upon midlife adults. (T or F)
True
Episodic health provides health promotion.
(T or F)
False
Holistic health is view of health in terms of physical, social and emotional makeup.

(T or F)
False
Remediation replaces the function with an alternative.
(T or F)
True
Cancer is the number one killer in this country. (T or F)
False
The ability to process information is part of intellectual health. (T or F)
True
Developing social skills are considered a developmental task for young adults.
(T or F)
True
Morbidity refers to illness or disease.
(T or F)
True
A traditional student can be 35 years old. (T or F)
False
Your intellect should not be considered another dimension of health. (T or F)
False
- Traditional-Age Students
- Nontraditional-Age
- Undergraduate College Students
- Minority Students
- Students with Disabilities
Today's College Students
Young Adult Developmental Expectations

Middle Adulthood Developmental Expectations

- Older Adulthood Developmental Expectations
Adult Developmental Expectations
- Episodic Health Care
- Preventive or Prospective Medicine
- Health Promotion—Personal and Collective Empowerment
- Individually Oriented Health Promotion
- Wellness
Sources of Our Traditional Definitions of Health
- Emotional Dimension
- Social Dimension
- Physical Dimension
- Intellectual Dimension
- Environmental Dimension
- Occupational Dimension
- Spiritual Dimension
The Multiple Dimensions of Health
- Forming an initial adult identity (who am I?)
- Establishing independence
- Assuming responsibility
- Broadening social skills
- Nurturing intimacy
Developmental Tasks of Early Adulthood
- Obtaining entry-level employment
- Developing parenting skills
Related Developmental Tasks of Young Adulthood
1) Achieving generativity—giving back
* Contributing to the collective good
* Parenting
- Traditional way in which people repay society

2) Reassessing plans of young adulthood— one’s original goals and objectives
Developmental Tasks of Middle Adulthood
- Accepting changes of aging
- Maintaining physical functioning
- Reassessing a sense of integrity—a sense of wholeness concerning life’s journey
Developmental Tasks of Older Adulthood
Traditional-age students
Nontraditional-age students
Minority students
Students with disabilities
Today’s College Students
pertaining to illness and disease
Morbidity
pertaining to death
Mortality
Seeking medical treatment when ill or injured
Episodic health care
- Identifying risk factors and high-risk health behaviors to lower the risk of illness

- Empowerment
Preventive or prospective medicine
_________ focuses on personal goals—may overlap with risk reduction for chronic illness

Focus on fitness, social interaction, and healthy lifestyle
Individually oriented
- Community places emphasis on a group centered concept to promote empowerment

- Empowerment: Gain more self control over one’s health perspective (for example, drug prevention within communities at risk)
Group-Oriented Health Promotion
- A process intended to aid individuals in unlocking their full potential through the development of an overall _________ lifestyle

- Emphasis on lifestyle
* May not focus on mortality and morbidity but in practice shares many risk-reduction activities with health promotion approaches
Wellness
- Treat asthma
- Enhance rates of flu and pneumonia immunization
- Develop evidence-based cancer screenings
- Reduce diabetes
- Coordinate care for 60+ million chronic disease sufferers
- Promote CVD prevention
- Reduce tobacco dependence
- Widen availability of prenatal care
- Improve detection of depression
Institute of Medicine (2003) Priority Health Concerns
- Know the behavior is associated with a health problem

- Accept that the behavior increases personal risk for the health problem

- Recognize that risk-reduction intervention programs exist and can be effective

- Believe the benefits of the new behavior justify the change in behavior

- Feel that significant others will be accepting of such changes
Several factors influence a person’s desire to change a health behavior—the person must
Precontemplation - You have to have desire

Contemplation - Change begins to appear

- Preparation - during which time change begins

- Action - Changes are made and sustained for a period of about six months

- Maintenance - New habits are consolidated and practiced for another six months

- Termination - the point at which new habits are well established, and so efforts to change are complete
Stages of Change
(ESPI EOS)

- Emotional dimension: Cope with stress, remain flexible, and compromise to resolve conflict

Social dimension: interaction with people, school experiences, and peer group interactions foster development

Physical dimension: Body weight, visual ability, strength, coordination, level of endurance, level of susceptibility to disease

Intellectual dimension: Making decisions

- Environmental dimension: Land, air, water. Environement around you.

- Occupational dimension: sense of well being.

- Spiritual dimension: Religious beliefs
Multiple dimenstions of health
A view less centered on the concepts of morbidity and mortality.

Two areas of differences to focus on:
1) The role of health (process of transitions) - social
2) The composition of health
* Intrinsic resources (how you feel about you)
* Extrinsic resources (environment around you)
A new definition of Health
One’s ability to use the intrinsic and extrinsic resources related to each dimension of health to participate fully in the activities that contribute to growth and development, with the goal of feeling a sense of well-being as one evaluates one’s progress through life
A New Definition of Health
Central to the design of Health People 2010: Understanding and improving your health are to paramount goals
1) Increasing quality of life

2) Eliminating health disparities among races and ethnicities