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11 Cards in this Set

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what is the definition of perception?
a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.
what is the person perception definition of attribution theory?
an attempt to determine whether an individual's behavior is internally or externally cause.
what is the person perception definition of fundamental attribution error?
The tendency to underestimate the influence of external factors and over estimate the influence of internal factors when making judgments about the behavior of others.
what is the person perception definition of self-serving bias?
the tendency for individuals to attribute their own successes to internal factors and put the blame for failures on external factors.
what is the definition of frequent used shortcut in judging other selective perception?
the tendency to selectivity interpret what one sees on the basis of ones interest background experience and attitudes.
what is the definition of frequent used shortcut in judging other halo effect ?
the tendency to draw to draw a general impression about an individual on the basis of a single characteristic.
what is the definition of frequent used shortcut in judging other contrast effect?
Evaluation of person's characteristics that is affected by comparisons with other people recently encountered who rank higher or lower on the same characteristics.
stereotyping
judging someone on the basis of ones perception of the group to which that person belongs.
profiling
A form of sterotypingin which a group of individuals is singled out typically on the basis of race or ethnicity for intensive inquiry scrutiny or investigation.
what is the definition of self-fulfilling prophecy?
a situation in which a person inaccurately perceives a second person, and the resulting expectations cause the second person to behave in ways consistent with the original perception.
what is the definition of self-fulfilling prophecy?
a situation in which a person inaccurately perceives a second person, and the resulting expectations cause the second person to behave in ways consistent with the original perception.