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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Norman Borlaug
Nobel Peace Prize in 1970
father of the green revolution
developed hybrid of wheat
Wallace Broecker
Awarded 2006 Crawford Prize in Geo sciences
Research on the circulation of the ocean and the carbon cycle.
Rachel Carson
author of silent spring
Did studies to show DDT risks to people, wildlife, and ecosystems
Robert Fogel
Nobel Prize economics, 1993.
Compared life in developing countries now to France and England in 1790.
About 20% of the population too weak and hungry to work
Improving nutrition led to one-half of economic growth of the 19th century.
Reducing hunger now could yield $120 billion.
Garret Hardin
Wrote “Tragedy of the Commons 1968
warned of the dangers of overpopulation
brought attention that the damage by individuals can inflict on the environment".
Charles Keeling
First alerted the world to the possibility of anthropogenic contribution to the "greenhouse effect" and global warming.
The Keeling Curve measures the progressive buildup of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, in the atmosphere.
Aldo Leopold
Believed that humans should view themselves and the land as members of the same community.
We are obligated to treat the land ethically.
Wrote “Land Ethic” essay describes individuals as members of a community of interdependent parts.
George Perkins Marsh
Studied
environmental degradation
Over grazing
Deforestation
Influenced National Forests, 1873
Jimmy Carter
1977: Clean Water Act, Soil and Water Conservation Act
Gerald Ford
1976: Toxic Substances Control Act
Lyndon B. Johnson
1964: Wilderness Act
John F. Kennedy
1963: Clean Air Act
Richard M. Nixon
The National Environmental Policy Act (1970) (NEPA),
Theodore Roosevelt
Preservation ethic, exocentric viewpoint
Tragedy of the Commons
Written by Garret Hardin
Unregulated exploitation causes resource depletion
Grazing lands, forests, air, water
No one has the incentive to care for a resource.
Everyone takes what he or she can until the resource is depleted.
The tragedy of the commons: we must develop policies for commonly held resources.
Restrict use and actively manage resources.
Safeguard against exploitation and depletion.