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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
James I
religious man who didn't follow English traditions, divine right theory which monarchs answered only to God for their actions, Puritan & Anglican conflict rises
*Chartered VA Company
Charles I
No Parliament (1629-40), levied taxes by royal decree, Long Parliament took over, Roundheads vs. Cavaliers, executed after his trial lost
John Smith
selected as a member of the resident council to manage Jamestown, forced all to labor for food, survival
Sir Thomas Gates
led 9 vessels, shipwrecked in Bermuda but most reached Jamestown, Gates arrived to Jamestown at "starving time", Lawes Divine, Dale's Code-miliataristic
Lord Delaware
arrived and helped build British settlements along the river, left so Gates took charge
John Rolfe
experimented w/ tobacco, which became an export staple, stabilized both sides by marrying Pocahontas
Sir Edwin Sandys
head of VA Co., headright policy
William Berkeley
after rebellion, commission produce treaty w/ Indians for land, results in more land from war, stabilized landowners
Nathaniel Bacon
Bacon rebelled Berkeley, war of common man vs. aristocrat
John Winthrop
governor of Mass. Bay, "wilderness Zion", Puritan, "city upon a hill"
Mass. Bay Govt.
freemen had little power violating charter provisions which he kept hidden, delegates sent in, read his law saying Gen. Court has powr to pass laws and levy taxes, he supported that it split into rep. bodies of each town (BICAMERAL)
George Fox
Quaker founder, believed in indiv. inspiration and interpretation (inner light), refuse rankings, formal church traditions. For Pacifism, religious freedom and sex equality
Penn's Govt system
more settlers=better, indians & quaker befriend each other
"Frames of Gov't"-loose, freemen elect councilors & assembly. Quaker principle-peace ew/o oaths or wars, religion w/o est. church
John Edwards
congregationalist minister, insired to give higher spirituality to ppl, described hell & heaven which gave rebirth to spiritual vigor
George Whitefield
Eng. minister, "new birth"-emotional moment of conversion & salvation, dramatic speaker