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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
political party
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy.
developing nations
These nations are only beginning to develop industrially.
A country in which the territory of both the nation and the state coincide.
Precisely identifies a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an orgaqnized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any higher authority
Voters hold soveriegn power. Elected representatives who are responsible to the people exercise that power.
Any system of government in which the power and authority to rule are in the hands of a single individual.
A loose union of independent states.
industrialized nations
These nations have generally large industries and advanced technology that provide a more comfortable way of life than developing nations do.
A statement (in a constitution) that sets forth the goals and purposes to be served by the government.
free enterprise
The opportunity to control one's economic decisions provides a base for making independent political decisions.
Any sizable group of people who are united by common bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes, religion.
An economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions.
constitutional law
The interpretation and application of the constitution.
Workers who produce the goods.
The state has supreme and absolute authority within its territorial boundariess.
An economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises.
Any systtem of government in which rule is by the people.
free market
Buyers and sellers were free to make unlimited economic decisions in the marketplace.
An agreement about basic beliefs.
A french term that means "to let alone." (Government should keep its hands off the economy).
The effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government.
The study of human efforts to satisfy seemingly unlimited wants through the use of limited resources.
social contract
Theory that by contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens.
Capitalists who own the means of production.
The institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces decisions that are binding on all people living within the state.
command economy
An economic system in which the government controls the factors of production.
unitary system
This gives all key powers to the national or central government.
The government owns the basic means of production, determines the use of resources, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as education, health care, and welfare.
Like a autocracy. A king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme power of government.
constitutional government
A government in which a constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on the powers of thsoe who govern.
federal system
Government divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments.
Any system of government in which a small group holds power.
A plan that provides the rules for government