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22 Cards in this Set

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worked out the internal stucture of the gas giants
Rupert Wildt
first saw the giant red spot in 1664
r. hooke and j.d. cassini
discovered galilean satellites in 1610
Galileo and Marius
discovered Amalthea (another Jupiter moon) from Lick Obs. in 1892
Barnard
discovered Comet Shoemaker - Levy 9 (comet crashed into Jupiter in summer of 1994)
the shoemakers and David Levy
many argued the idea that rocks could fall form the sky
Thomas Jefferson
the 3 scientists who are credited with the beginning of modern meteor science (meteoritics)
Peter Simon Pallas
Jean Baptiste Biot
Ernst Chladni
studies of the Ir layer
Luis Alvarez (Nobel) and son, Walter
theorized rings not solid but made of many particles traveling at Keplerian orbital speeds depending on their distance from Saturn
James Clerk Maxwell
proved Maxwell's hypothesis that the rings are particles; dopler effect spectra (1888) in Lick Obs.
James Edward Keeler
predicted Neptune's location in 1845 using celestial mechanics calculations
John Couch Adams (English) and Urbain Jean Joseph Le Leverrier (french)
observed neptune in 1846 immediatly after the prediction was published
Johann Galle and Heinrich d'Arrest (German)
founder of Lowell Observatory started the search that led to the discovery of Pluto in 1930
Percival Lowell
found "Planet X" in 1930 by taking photographs along the ecliptic with a special telescope/camera and a blank comparator
Clyde W. Tonbaugh
discovered charon in 1978
James Christy
Showed in 1577 that comets were not part of our atmosphere and were much further away than our Moon by use of the parallax effect
Tycho Brahe
Derives the physics of orbital motion in Principia Mathematica
Isaac Newton
Convinces Newton to publish Principia and uses the results in it to predict the reappearance of the comet that now bears his name (he does not live to see it)
Edmund Halley
dirty snowball
Fred Whipple
discovered Uranus in 1781
Sir William Herschel
Name “Uranus” proposed by _______; accepted worldwide by 1850
Johann E. Bode
________ discovered the first asteroid Ceres in 1801
Giuseppi Piazzi