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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
median plane
divides the animal down the center into equal halves
body's long axis
spine
sagittal planes
divide the body parallel to the median plane
dorsal plane (frontal)
perpendicular to the median plane divides the body into 2 parts, the belly and the back
transverse plane
perpendicular to both the median and frontal planes, cross secitons
cranial
closer to the head
caudal
closer to the tail
rostral
parts of the head clsoer to the tip of the nose
dorsal
closer to the back or spine
ventral
nearer the side of the animal that's closer to the ground
lateral
reders to a position farther away form the median plane, toward the side
medial
refers to a positon closer to the median plane
anterior
in front of or in the forward part of an organ
posterior
a position or surface toward the rear of the animal
proximal
refers to a body part bein gcloser to the main portion of the body
distal
a body part placed farther away form the main portion of the body
superficial
a positon closer to the surface of a structure
orad
movement within the gi sytem in the direction of the mouth
aborad
motion in the direction away from the mouth
symmetry
balance in teh distribution of body parts
bilateral symmetry
the left and right sides are mirror images of each other
radial symmetry
axis of symmetry is around a cnetral point (starfish)
dorsal body cavity
contains the central nervous system
cranial cavity
formed from the bones of the skull and contains the brain
spinal cavity
formed from the vertebra and contains the spinal cord
thoracic body cavity
contains the heart, lungs, and esophagus
abdominal cavity
contains all the organs of the reproductive and urinary systems, stomach and intestines
abdominal cavity sometimes called the _______
peritoneal