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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Mechanisms of ATB actions
inhibit cell wall synthesis
inhibit protein synthesis
alter membrane permeability
inhibit synthesis of RNA-DNA
interfere w/cellular metabolism
3 major adverse rxns to penicillins
allergic rxn
superinfection
organ toxicity
Penicillin G procaine (Crysticillin/Wylin)
Basic Penicillins
penicillin G benzathine (Biillin)
Basic penicillins
penicillin V potassium (Vallin, K-Veetids, BetapenK)
Basic penicillins
amoxicillin (Amoxil)
amoxicillin clavulanate (Augmentin)
Broad Spectrum
ampicillin (Polycillin, Omnipen)

ampicillin-sulbactam (Unasyn)
Broad Spectrum
methicillin (Staphicillin)
penicillinase-resistant
pipercicillin-tazobactan (Zysyn)
Extended-spectrum
ticarcillin-clavulanate (Timentin)
Extended Spectrum
Beta lactamase inhibitors used in combo w/penicillins:
clavulanic acid
sulbactam
tazobactam
Type of bacteria that live on/within human body w/out causing illness:
nonpathogens
Penicillins destroy bacteria with which of the following?
penicillinase
beta-lactam
alphaglucagon
beta lactam
Reason for adding clavulanic acid, sulfactam & tazobactam?
protects penicillin fromb eing destroyed
dicloxacillin (Dynapen)
Penicillinase-resistant penicillin