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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What four bones make up the adult pelvis?
sacrum
coccyx
R & L ossa coxae
What are two anatomical terms for what is commonly called the hipbone
os coxae
innominate bone
What is the plural of os coxae?
ossa coxae
With what features of the sacrum does the pelvic girdle articulate?
auricular surfaces
With what feature of the pelvic girldle does the head of the femur articulate?
acetabulum
what is the largest and most superior fo the three bones of the os coxae?
ilium
what is the wing shaped portion of the ilium?
ala
What depression lies on the medial side of the ilium?
iliac fossa
what features on the lateral side of the ilium are formed by the gluteal muscles?
gluteal lines
What ear-shaped feature of the ilium articulates with the sacrum?
auricular surface
What is the superior ridge of the ilium
iliac crest
what is the anterior termination of the superior ridge of the ilium
anterior superior iliac spine
What is the posterior termination of the superior ridgeof the ilium
posterior superior iliac spine
What features lies inferior to the ala of the ilium anteriorly and posteriorly?
anterior inferior iliac spine
posterior inferior iliac spine
Through what part of the ilium does the sciatic nerve pass?
greater sciatic notch
What is the most inferior bone of the os coxae?
ischium
what is the prominent triangular projection of bone posterior to the acetabulum?
ischial spine
What rough projections of the pelvic girdle bear the weight of the body in the sitting position
ischial tuberosities
What portion of the ischium fuses with the pubis medially?
ramus
What is the most anterior fo the three bones forming the os coxae?
pubis
What part of the pubis articulateswith the pubis on the opposite side of the body?
body
pubic symphysis
What part of the pubis fuses with the ischium?
inferior ramus
What part of the pubis originates atthe anterior margin of the acetabulum?
superior ramus
What opening in the os coxae is formed by the pubis and ischium?
obturator foramen
With what feature of the pubis does the inguinal ligament attach?
pubic tubercle
What is the articulation between the bodies of the pubic bones?
pubic symphysis
On what feature of the pubis does a comb-like muslce originate?
Pectineal line
What feature of the pelvis extends from the pubic crest, pecineal line, and arcuate line to the rounded inferior edge of the sacral ala and sacral promontory?
pelvic brim
what portion of the pelvic cavity lies inferiorly and forms a deep bowl?
true pelvis
what portion of the pelvic cavitiy lies superiorly and is enclosed by the ala of the iliac bones?
false pelvis
What is the opening surrounded by the pelvic brim?
pelvic inlet
What opening of the pelvic cavity is bordered by the coccyx, the ischial tuberosities, and the inferior border of the pubic symphysis?
pelvic outlet
What part of the femur articulates with the acetabulum?
head
What depression in the proximal portion of the femur accommodates the attachment of a ligament?
fovea
What is the constricted, proximal portion of the femur?
neck
What is the long, central portion of the femu?
shaft
What is the proximolateral projection of the femur palpable on the laeral side of the hip?
greater trochanter
What is the femoral projection on the proximal posteromedial surface?
lesster trochanter
What is the thick, oblique ridge of bone on the proximal, posterior side of the femur between the trochanters?
intertrochanteric crest
What feature runs between the trochanters anteriorly
intertrochanteric line
Onto what feature of the femur does the pectineus insert the lesser trochanter and lina aspera?
pectineal line
Onto what feature of the femur does the gluteus maximus insert?
gluteus tuberosity
What is the elvated ridge on the posterior midline of the femur?
linea aspera
What features of the femur border the popliteal surface medially and laterally?
medial and lateral supracondylar lines
What feature of the femurs is the site of attachment for the adductor magnus?
adductor tubercle
what parts of the femur articulate with the tibia?
medial and lateral condyles
What prominent bony structures lie on the medial and lateral sides of the femur distall?
medial and lateral epicondyles
What part of the femur articulates with the patella
patellar surface
What is the broad, superior portion of the patella?
base
What part of the patella points inferiorly?
apex
From lateral to medial list the two bones of the leg.
Fibula nd Tibia
What parts of the tibia articulate with the femur?
medial and lateral condyles
What ridge of bone lies on the midline of the tibia's superior surface?
intercondylar eminence
what part of the tibia articulates with the fibula?
fibular articular surface
onto what feature of the tibia dos the patellar ligament attach
tibial tuberosity
what ridge of bone lies on the anterior fo the tibia's shaft?
anterior crest
what is the hammer-like structure of the tibia that forms the prominence on the medial side of the ankle?
medial malleolus
What featue of the tibia forms the inferior tibiofibular joint?
fibular notch
What is the proximal end of the fibula?
head
What is the distal end of the fibula?
lateral malleolus
what feature of the tibia forms the inferior tibiofibular joint
fibular notch
what is the proximal end of the fibula
head
what is the distal end of the fibula
lateral malleolus
what is the collective term for the short bones of the ankle
tarsals
what is the heel bone
calcaneous
which of the tarsals articulates with the tibia
talus
which of the tarsals is distal to the talus on the medial side of the foot
navicular
from medial to lateral list the tarsals of the distal row.
medial muneiform
intermediate cuneiform
lateral cuneiform
cuboid*
what are the long bones in the middle of the foot
metatarsals
what are the bones of the toes
phalanges
what are the two bones in the great toe
proximal phalanx and distal phalanx
what are the three bones in the digits 2-5 of the foot
proximal phalanx
middle phalanx
distal phalanx
List the three arches of the foot
medial longitudinal arch
lateral longitudinal arch
transverse arch
Which arch of the foot is formed by the calcaneus, talus, navicular, and cuneiform bones?
medial longitudinal arch
which arch of the foot is formed by the calcaneus and the cuboid and metarsals IV and V
lateral longitudinal arch