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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
=balancing and then slightly shifting the weight (center of gravity) outside of the base of support in order for a transference of weight to occur
ex. headstand into a forward roll
what is difficult of weightbearing for a child?
-the fewer # of body parts, or smaller surface of supporting body parts, the more difficult it is to maintain a balance
=pulling away from the partner to achieve balance
ex. locking hands and leaning backwards, creating a V
=two people pushing against one another in order to achieve stability
ex. an inverted V
2 types of body concepts
a. weight transference
b. weight bearing
base of support
-some body parts are better bases, the wider the base, the more stable the support
ex. the head and hands should form a triangle in a handstand to create a wide base of support
center of gravity
-must be above the base of support, the lower the center of gravity, the more stable the balance.
ex. hips should be above the hands in a handstand
counterbalance and countertension characteristics
-appropriate for older children in partners
-contact with hands with feet usually base of support
-both reqire guidance so children are not carrying the weight of another
2 types of weight bearing
a. balance
b. suspension
4 ways gymnastic actions are done
a. on the floor (run, jump, roll, slide, step)
b. with an apparatus (climb, jump, roll, slide, step, swing)
c. balance (static balance, rock)
d. suspend (balance, rock, hang, swing)
static balance
=balancing on specific body parts.
ex. head/handstand, and back arch
=requires muscular control, a sense of equilibrium, and a sound kinesthetic sense
weight bearing
=various skills of balance and suspension are developed
what are the component parts of balance
a. static or stationary shapes
b. center of gravity is avove the base of support
c. shape held for a period of time
what is the most simple body concept?
-weightbearing b/c it only deals with how we are supporting our weight
absorption of force
=force needs to be absorbed in order to balance
ex. bending of the knees and then balancing
weight transference
=locomotor skills are developed, including jumping, rolling, and stepping activities
segmented body
-stability is greatest when each segment of the body is vertically above the center of gravity of the segment below
ex. handstand should be as straight as possible
law of inertia
-an object continues in a state of rest (or uniform motion) unless it is compelled by an external force to change that state
ex. tight muscles will hold, loose will fall