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55 Cards in this Set

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Papillary Necrosis Etiology
Pyelo
Obstruction
SCD
TB
Cirrhosis
Analgesics
Renal V. Thromb
DM
Absent Radial Ray
VACTERL (vert anom, anal atresia, cardiac anom, TE fistula, Renal agenesis, Limb defect)
Holt-Oram
Fanconi Anemia
Trisomy 13 and 18
Meningitis Bugs by Age group
1.neonates
2.childhood
3.young adults
4.elderly
1-GBS/E.coli
2-Hflu
3-Neisseria
4-Strep, Listeria
Papillary Necrosis Etiology
Pyelo
Obstruction
SCD
TB
Cirrhosis
Analgesics
Renal V. Thromb
DM
Absent Radial Ray
VACTERL (vert anom, anal atresia, cardiac anom, TE fistula, Renal agenesis, Limb defect)
Holt-Oram
Fanconi Anemia
Trisomy 13 and 18
Meningitis Bugs by Age group
1.neonates
2.childhood
3.young adults
4.elderly
1-GBS/E.coli
2-Hflu
3-Neisseria
4-Strep, Listeria
Oligohydramnios DDX
Demise
Renal anom
IUGR
PROM
Post Dates
Chromosomal Abnormalities
(DRIPPC)
Cortical Nephrocalcinosis DDX
Chronic GN
Oxalosis
Alport Syn(chronic nephritis, hearing loss, visual loss)
chronic hypercalcemia
Medullary Nephrocalcinosis
Hypercalcemia (hyperparathy)
RTA (Distal Type 1)
Medullary sponge kidney (aka benign tubular ectasia)
Hyperparathyroidism
Milk-Alkali, Papillary Necrosis, Chronic pyelo
NONCYANOTIC NORMAL
AORTIC STENOSIS
PULMONIC STENOSIS
COART
INTERRUPTED ARCH
NARROWINGS
NONCYANOTIC INCREASED
ECD
ASD
PDA
VSD
SHUNTS
CYANOTIC INCREASED PULM VASC
Truncus I/II/III
TGA (also nl pulm vasc)
TAPVR
Tricuspid Atresia (also nl pulm vasc)
Tingle Vent
5 T's
CYANOTIC DECREASED PULM VASC
Ebsteins
TOF
Tri Atresia
Truncus IV
TGA
CHF Newborn (6 causes)
infantile coarct
aortic stenosis
hypoplastic L heart
congenital mitral stenosis
cor triatrium
TAPVR from below the diaphragms
Impeded flow to left heart
CHF Premie
PDA
CHF 2-3 wk old (2 causes)
Coarct
Interrupted Aortic Arch
CHF later than 3 weeks
Coartc
Cong Lobar Emphysema, lobe incidence in descending order
LUL>RML>RUL>Bases

M:F 3:1
Pediatric NHL Trivia
Types/locations (4)
1.Lymphoblastic (35%)-chest
2/3.Burkitts/NonBurkitts (25/25%)-Abdomen
4.Histiocytic (15%)-NOT THE MEDIASTINUM
UNILATERAL LARGE CYSTIC RENAL MASS in a kid DDX (3)
WILMS
MCDK
MULTILOCULAR CYSTIC NEPHROMA (NO hemorrhage)
harlequin eye
brachycephaly craniosynostosis
SUPRACONDYLAR FRACTURE CLASSIFICATION
GARTLAND
I-NONDISPLACED (CLOSED FIXATION)
II-ANGULATED
III-COMPLETE (INTERNAL FIXATION)
SPETZLER-MARTIN CLASSIFICATION
Location:eloquent or not
SIZE: A <3cm B <6cm <C
Drainage:deep/superficial
LSD
egg on a string
TGA, needs pda/asd/vsd to survive
5% right sided arch
snowman or figure 8
TAPVR
epiphyseal ONLY lesion (3)
subchondral cyst
Osteomyelitis
Histio X
epihyseal AND metaphyseal lesion (3)
ENCHONDROMA
OSTEOBLASTOMA
ABC
TORCH infection findings on MRI
periventricular calcs
cortical malfs
cerebellar hypoplasia
Toxo
Other
Rubella
CMV
HSV
Vertebra Plana DDx (4)
Mets/Myeloma
EG
Lympyhoma/Leukemia
Tb/Trauma
MELT
Anterior Trachea Impression
Posterior Eso Impression
(Symptomatic Sling [3])
Double Arch
R Arch + Aberrant L SC + PDA
Anomalous R PA
Hemicalvarial thickening due to cortical atrophy
Dyke-Davidoff-Mason Syn
DDM
Tram track cortical calcifications with cortical atrophy
Sturge-Webber
SW
"Vermian hypoplasia, enlarged 4th ventricle"
Dandy-Walker Malf (inutero ischemic event to the cerebellum)
Dandy Walker Assoc
Meckel-Gruber
Warburg Syn
Aicardi Syn
Neurocutaneous Melanosis
CC Agenesis
Hyperlucent Lung DDx (6)
1-FB
2-Pneumothorax
3-Cong Lob Emph
4-Pulm Art hypoplasia or occlusion
5-Post XRT
6-Swyer-James
Hypertelorism DDx-(5)
MPS
Crouzon
Cleidocranial Dysostosis
Cephalocele
Thalassemia
MCTCC
Hypotelorism ddx (3)
Holoprosencephaly
Microcephaly
Sagittal craniosynostosis
CAM Classification
I-one cyst >2cm (50%)
II-1-2cm cysts (40%)
III-microcysts/solid mass (10%)
If you're thinking it's a Wilms tumor but it's in a NeoNate, then think about this entity...
Mesoblastic Nephroma (it's benign but can't be differentiated from a rare neonatal Wilms so it still needs to be excised)
Lymphocytic Interstitial Pneumonitis
1.casue?
2.location?
1.unknown etiology affects HIV neonates
2.starts at bases and periphery
If it looks like MS what else could it be differential (3)...
1.SSPE-subacute sclerosing panencephalitits (affects cortex without abn enhancement)

2.Lyme disease (with Cranial nerve enhancement)

3.ADEM (affect the thalamus)
SLAM!!!
"Bullet Metacarpals"
MPS-Hurler Syn
Leukodystrophy with elevated NAA
Canavans
N-acetylaspartic acid
Fused posterior elements of the C-spine...
JRA/Stills Dz
Lots of bumpmy gyri, usually posterior, and due to an ischemic or infectious event
Polymicrogyria
Diffuse Periosteal Rxn in mandible/clavicle/tuburlar bones (6)
1.Caffey (Infantile Coritcal Hyperostosis)
2.Infection
3.Trauma/NAT
4.Hypervitamin A
5.Malignancy
6.Prostaglandin Tx
CITHMP
Coronary Artery Aneurysms in Kids
Kawasaki Dz-mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
Kids (K)
Symmetric White matter disease
1.Krabbe-not enough b-galactosidase
2.ALD
3.Canavans
4.Metachromatic LD
5.Pelizeus-Merzbacher
Wimberger Sign vs
Wimberger Ring
1.Notches on the medial aspect of the proximal tibial metaphysis in syhpillis
2. Ringed epiphysis in scurvy
FOP (it's not MHE)
Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva
symmetric white matter hyperintensity of the posterior brain
Adrenoleukodystrophy
presents 5-10 yo
boys only
Osteochondroma that forms at an epiphysis
Trevor disease aka
Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica
Think Padres Closer
Disturbance of medial tibial proximal epiphysis leads to bow legged baby
Blount Dz
the knee has an abrupt varus angle, unlike physiologic bowing
Cory -_-_-_
Affects the dentate gyrus, nonenhancing, no mass effect, white matter edema
PML (caused by Jakob Creutzfeld virus)
spares the spine
AVN of the capitellum
Panner Dz -assoc baseball and gymnastics
usually heals unlike Osteochondritis dissecans
Rhymes with the obnoxious little kid from the Bad News Bears...