• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/91

Click to flip

91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the presentation of a typical 7 month old for overall gross motor development
-antigravity movements exist in all planes
what is the presentation of a typical 7 month old for overall gross motor development in supine
-rarely stays in supine
-position typically used just for exploration
**want variety of positions
what is the presentation of a typical 7 month old for overall gross motor development in prone
-can weight shift and reach on extended elbow
-lateral righting reactions, pelvic weight shift and LE dissociation
-can assume quadruped and rock in this point
-may assume a hands and feet position
-beginning to work on quadruped to sit transitions in the sagittal plane
what is the presentation of a typical 7 month old for overall gross motor development in sitting
-can sit independently with back and pelvis
-can play in sit
-anterior protective extension present
-decreased ring sit position
what is the presentation of a typical 7 month old for overall gross motor development in standing
-can bounce in supported stance
-hips now in line with shoulders
Describe the weight shifting for a 7 month old
-weight shifts side to side with a narrow base of support
what types of protective mechanisms will be in developing in 7 month old
-anterior protective
-lateral protective
what is the typical presentation of a 7 month old for fine motor development
-upper body motion
-reach and grasp with extended elbow
-supinates forearm with elbow flexiono
-manipulates toy activity with wrist movement
-shakes and bangs
-drops into container using surface of stability
-briefly holds a toy in each hand
what is the typical presentation of a 7 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-interested in details
-interested in consequence of behavior
-responds to commands "come up" by reaching up when parent reaches toward child
-responds to peek a boo
-pats reflection in mirror
what is the typical presentation of a 7 month old for visual/perceptual development
-distinguishes near and far objects and space
-aware of and compares size difference of similar objects
-explores by fingering and banging
what is the typical presentation of a 7 month old for oral motor development
-says mum-mum-mum especially when crying
-makes same vowel sound in a series
-ah, ah, oh, oh
-isolated tongue movements-more laterlization and some beginning diagnol movements
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for gross motor development
-strong desire to move and explore
-increased interest in small objects
-equilibrium reactions are present
-protective extension present laterally
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for gross motor development in supine
-do not like this position
-typically rolls quickly out of this position
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for gross motor development in prone
-will creep on all fours
-use reciprocal motion (requires diagonal and counter rotation control in the trunk)
-provides varied input to hands (may develop palmar arches)
-may attempt to climb steps but lacks judgement and unable to go down
-will transitions to quadruped using a diagnol motion
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for gross motor development in sitting
-no longer dependent on positional stability
-variety of leg position
what is flapping a sign of
-autism. This is done in long sitting when they are not able to do floor movement
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for gross motor development standing/mobility
- can weight shift in all 3 planes
-begins cruising
-can stand holding onto another's finger
-can pull up on furniture (primarily with UEs)
-may use symmetrical LE extension to assist
-returns to floor by plopping on bottom
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for fine motor development
-hand arches develop through weight shifting
-protective reactions are present sideways
-holds two objects at a time with one hands
-hands and fingers adapt on object's size and shape
-radial digital grasp
-three jaw chuck grasp
-interior scissor lateral pincer grasp
-release objects above the surface into large container
Describe the weight shifting of an 8 month old
-happens accidentally initially. they do have more control over trunk and hip extensors
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-mother or mother figure cannot be replaced
-child becomes fearful in different situations
-shakes head no-no
-imitates sound
-responds to name with head turn, eye contact, smile
** child should not ignore you or look past
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for visual/perceptual
-secure a toy by string is contacted by the hand
-looks for a toy that is dropped
-may turn eyes inwardly while inspecting hands to toy
what is the typical presentation of a 8 month old for oral motor development
-active upper lip movement
-lower lip actively comes forward
-cheeks-more active; more suckling
-tongue helps to stabilize spoon and places food in trough mechanisms
-can take food from center to side for chewing
-emergent circular motion as well as lateral and diagonal of the tongue and jaw
-jaw-quiet
-more control
-begins to use consonants
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for gross motor development
-standing and walking primary drives for baby
-equilibrium reactions are developed
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for gross motor development sitting
-improved long sit
-may see W sit
-has anterior/posterior pelvic tilt
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for gross motor development quadruped
-crawling control and speed quite refined
-crawling primary mode of locomotion
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for gross motor development standing/mobility
-can pull to stand through kneeling and 1/2 kneeling
-LE remain poorly controlled
-can retrieve a toy from the floor
-cruising is more refined but continues to require UE support
-supported walking yields fixing and movements are primarily limited to the sagittal
if a child is not stepping at 9 months, what are some things that may be limiting
-weak trunk, hip extension, and decreased proprioception
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for fine motor development
-wrist and finger control with full arms extension
-controlled release into container
-pokes with index finger
-pointer finger begins, to point, poke, prod
-inferior pincer grasp
-pincer to pincer transfers
-radial digital grasp with wrist extended
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-persists in trying to get a toy out of reach
-watches person scribble on paper
-more friendly with strangers
-responds to name with head turn, eye contact, smile
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for visual/perceptual
-hits toys on table with one hand
-drops one of two toys if third is offered
-eyes more mobile and move with little head movement
-watches activities around him for longer periods of time
what is the typical presentation of a 9 month old for oral motor development
-holds, bites, chews, cracker or cookie-takes food from center to side in developing lateral, diagonal and circular motions
-imitates playful sounds-says da-da without meaning
-actively stops when hears no
-recognizes words and shows this with attention or joy
-turns towards objects as they are names
-holds own cup
-developing more rib cage contrl for speaking more on exhalation
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for gross motor development in sitting
-static sitting is rare
-long sit with legs in line with body
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for gross motor development in creeping
-can maneuver over, around or onto obstacles
-beginning to descend stairs
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for gross motor development for standing/mobility
-legs active in rising to stand
-in standing uses legs and minimal assistance of one hand to maintain posture
-can lower to floor
-may turn forwards while cruising
-less fixing with supported walking
-will have backward protecting
what is required for 1/2 kneeling
-unilaterallity
-narrow BOS
-weight shifting
-dissociation
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for fine motor development
-similar to 9 months
-begins to prefer one hand over the other
-will take objects from container
-individual finger movement turn things upside down
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-increasing imitative behavior
-matches two blocks
-searches for hidden object if he sees it hidden
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for visual/perceptual
-working on perceptual concepts especially in and out
-searches for toy out of sight
what is the typical presentation of a 10 month old for oral motor development
-says mama and dada
-imitates number of syllables
-responds to own name
-tongue comes under the cup plus lower lip surrounding the tongue-provides control over extent of jaw movement
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for gross motor development sitting
-can assume many different postures
-increased rotation in sitting
-stable positions for play
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for gross motor development creep (and what can they do in creep)
-primary means of locomation
-will carry a toy in creep
-will move to kneeling without UE support
-able to turn around and sit after climbing up on chair or couch
-getting down backwards continues to improve
what changes when babies go from standing while holding something to standing independently
-there is a change in the COG
-increase demand on ankle strategy
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for gross motor development for standing/mobility
-attempts to stand without support through squat
-can pull to stand with one hand through 1/2 kneeling
-may stand breifly without UE support
-will free walk or furniture walk with one hand
-may attempt independent walking with immature pattern
if an 11 month baby feels unstable how will they present
when the baby attempts to walk, they will keep their higuard (arms up)
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for fine motor development
-points with index finger
-neat pincer grasp to obtain pellet
-holds crayons,makes marks
-grasp spoon
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-experiments with means to attain a goal
-associates properties with things (dog barks)
-looks at pictures in books with interest
-carries out simple commands
-selects requested items given 2 choices
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for visual/perceptual
-may remove and place rings or nest a series of cups
-points to an object through glass,may try to grab it from the side
what is the typical presentation of a 11 month old for oral motor development
-say 2 words plus mama and dada
-selects requested items given two choices
-chews food-more active stability,discerete use of tongue to move food back and keep food within contained area
-can take food side to center, stops and move to other side
-get more active diagonalmotion
-will bring lower lip to cup for stability while tongue stays within oral cavity
Can a we month old go from sit to stand in a squat, and can they stand Independetl?
-can rise to stand through squat without external support
-can stand independently without support
describe the gait pattern for a typical 12 month old
-fast speed
-short stride length
-short step length
-high cadence
-wide BOS
-no reciprocal arm swing
what is the typical presentation for a 12 month old for fine motor development
-one hand holds while the other manipulates
-Releases into small containers with precision
-contacts paper with crayon
-beats two spoons together
-builds tower of two to three blocks after demo
-places one cube in cups
what is the typical presentation for a 12 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-removes lid to find a toy
-gives toy to adult upon request
-follows simple one step commands
-give affection
-remembers events for longer time
-senses self as distinct from other things
-uses trial and error to solve problems
what is the typical presentation for a 12 month old for visual/perceptual
-using both hands and visually steering hand activity
-visually interested in simple pictures
-points to objects or people using words "look" and "see"
what is the typical presentation for a 12 month old for oral motor development
-says 2 words
-jabbers expressively
-imitate simple sound on request
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for gross motor development
-able to walk sideways, backwards, immature run
-experiments with jumping
-descends stairs with railing
-ascends stairs with railing or adult-marking time or alternating
-pushes and pulls a large object
-throws a small ball overhand without falling
-kicks a stationary ball for 3 feet
-stands on line with one foot in front of the other and balances
-gets into an adult chair unaided
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for fine motor development
-has a palmar supinate grasp
-places up to 2 shapes into a formboard
-builds a tower of 3-5 cubes
-scribbles spontaneously
-unzips zippers
-place 10 cubes into a cup
-puts coins into a slot
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for cognitive/emotional/social
-knows main body parts
-plays independently
-hugs/loves a doll or person
-uses toys imitatively and symbolically
-able to communicate their wishes and intentions
-places only edibles in mouth
-follows 2 step commands
-points to pictures in a book
-point to one body part when asked
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for visual/perceptual
-stacks 3-5 blocks
-shapes into shape sorter (up to two)
-scribbles spontaneously
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for oral motor development
-uses spoon with little spilling
what is the typical presentation for a 24 month old for gross motor development (describe how jump)
-jumps, when jumps down may land one foot
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for fine motor development
-digital pronate grasp
-imitates a vertical line
-imitates a horizontal line
-imitates V stroke
-imitates circular line
-removes coat
-pours
-strings one inch beads
-builds a tower of 6-7 cubes
-adapts to reversal of formbaord
-snips with scissors
-feeds self with spoon
-unscrews small jar lid
what is the typical presentation for a 18 month old for cognitive/emotional/social and visual perceptual
-names three objects
-refers to self by name
-comprehends and asks for another
-names 3 pictures
-names 4 body parts
-hands objects similar to a familiar sample
-matches objects
-understands 2 prepositions
what is the typical presentation for a 24 month old for oral motor development
-language
-points to 5 pictures of common objects
-points to 5 body parts
-names 3 pictures of common objects
-referes to self by name
-speaks in 3 word sentences
-feeds self-little spills
what is the typical presentation for a 3 years old for gross motor development (hoping, walking, balance)
-hops on one foot-2 or more hops
-walks up and down stairs alternating feet
-balances on one foot-5 seconds
what is the typical presentation for a 3 years old for fine motor development (9play, 7 ADLs)
-builds a tower of 10 cubes (play)
-imitates "bridge" of blocks(play)
-adapts to form board reversal(play)
-cuts across paper with scissors from one side to the other(play)
-pours from a pitcher(ADL)
-puts on a coat(ADL)
-undresses completely without help(ADL)
-unbuttons front buttons(ADL)
-turns doorknobs(ADL)
-turns faucet on and off(ADL)
-feed self with fork(ADL)
-copies circle(play)
-imitates cross(play)
-Copies V(play)
-Copies H(play)
-Copies T(play)
-carries cup of water (ADL)
what is the typical presentation for a 3 year old for cognitive/emotional/social
-adapts to formboard reversals
-adds 2 parts to incomplete person
-points to small details in pictures
-names 8 pictures correctly
-understands 3 prepositions
-joins in nursery rhymes and songs
-answer correctly "are you a boy or girl?"
what is the typical presentation for a 4 years old for gross motor development (play ground activies)
-walks on circular line
-pedals trike around obstacles
-climbs ladders of playground
-running broad jump
what is the typical presentation for a 4 years old for fine motor development
-spread fingers on one hand and brings thumb into opposition with each finger in turn
-places small objects into bottle
-folds and creases paper horizontally, vertically and diagnoally
-completes a 3 pierce puzzle
-imitates building gate with cubes
what is the typical presentation for a 5 year old for fine motor development
-crumbles tissue paper into ball with one hand
-makes recognizable objects from clay
-winds thread on wooden spoon
-cuts square with scissors
-inserts prefolded material into envelop
-insets paper into ring binder
-ties knot
-paints recognizable picture
-copies triangle
-draw simple house
-draws person with 6-7 body parts
-copies first name
Self-help typical of a 5 year old
-uses napkin
-puts on pull over garment
-blows nose
-spread food with table knife
-prepares sandwich
-undresses and dresses completely without assistance
what is the cognitive development typical for 5 year old
-imitates tapping pattern
-points to sets with more or less
-name 3 coins
-matches numerals 1-10
-names shapes and colors
-names and tell use of objects+
What is the language development typical for 5 year
-points to 8 body parts
-tell definition of concrete noun
-names source of 15 actions
-follows right and left double directions
-tells story without using picture
what is the gross motor development typical for a 6 year old
-carries a weight
-stand on one foot for 5 seconds with eyes closed
-jumps and turns
-catches ball with one hand
-standing broad jump 38"
jumps over yardstick 8" off the floor
-jumps rope
-pulls up and holds chin above overhead bar
Describe respiratory for a 10 month old
-ease of moving rib cage up and outwardly to develop control of exhalation with speaking
Describe UE changes in an 11 month old
-achieves last 20 degrees of overhead reach in sitting
-supinated forearm with elbow extension
Describe how an 11 month old typically feeds themselves
-part of the meal will use their fingers but will grasp utensils
What is integrated by the time a baby is 11 months old
-basic motor skills
-righting reactions
-equilibrium reactions in all positions EXCEPT standing
what is the primary mode of mobility for an 11 month old
creeping that will eventually evolve into walking, at which point creeping will only be used for speed
**most babies walk by 12 months
how does a typical 12 month old play with block and dangling toys
-builds tower of 2-3 blocks after demo
-put 3 + cubes in cup
-dangles toy by a string
Describe walking down stairs for a typical 24 month old
-walks down 4 steps without support from wall or rail by placing 1 or both feet on each step
Describe throwing for a typical 24month old
-throws a ball 5 feet
Describe walking up stairs for a typical 24 month old
walks up 4 stairs without support from wall or rail
Describe kicking a ball for a typical 24 month old
-ball will travel 3 feet without deviating more than 20 degrees
Describe catching a ball for a typical 24 month old
-presents extended arms directly in front, palms upward or facing each other, attempts to secure ball by bending arms toward chest
Describe balance for a typical 4 year old
-stands on one foot for 5 seconds
Describe hop for a typical 4 year old
-on one foot 2 times
Describe walking for a typical 4 year old
walks forward heel to toe
Describe skips for a typical 4 year old
skips on one foot (gallops)
Describe throwing for a typical 4 year old
overhand 10 feet
Describe catching for a typical 4 year old
arms bent
Describe walking up and down stairs for a typical 4 year old
alternating feet no upper body support