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21 Cards in this Set

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What is the bladder capacity of a child?
Approximately 10 ml/Kg
Premature infants may have reduced aborption of what key electrolytes?
Glucose, sodium, bicarbonate and phosphate.
Do infants take more fluid to get rid of waste?
Yes.
Does renal efficiency increase after infancy?
Yes
Why are infants at a greater risk for UTI's?
They have shorter urethras.
When does complete bladder control usually happen by?
4-5 yrs.
Do children with ARF usually regain normal renal function?
Yes.
What is the pH of urine for a neonate?
5.0-7.0
What is the pH after 28 days of live?
4.8-7.8
What is the specific gravity of urine for a neonte? after 28 days?
1.001-1.020

After 28 days: 1.001-1.030
What in a UA might indicate damage to the glomeruli?
Bacteria or casts.
A UA normal in pediatric would be negative for?
Protein, glucose, ketones, leukocytes, nitriates, bacteria and casts.
What are three methods of urine culture?
1) Clean catch UA.
2) Catheterization.
3) Suprapubic bladder aspiration.
Which urine culture is the best to reduce the risk of contamination?
Suprapubic bladder aspiration.
What is a very sensitive indicator of renal function in children?
Creatinine.
What is a sensitive indicator of hydration status which tells a little bit about renal function?
BUN.
What is a very sensitive indicator of renal function in children?
Creatinine.
What is enuresis?
The involuntary passage of urine beyond the age of bladder control.
What are some causes of enuresis?
organic
maturational lag
genetic
deep sleep
psychosocial
What are some treatments for enuresis?
*Withholding fluids.
*Participation imagery.
*Conditioning.
*medications.
What are two medications used for the tx of enuresis?
Oxybutynin (ditropan) or Imipramine (Tofranil).