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71 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the leading cause of death in infants?
Birth Defects
Congenital Anomalies
What level of preventative care is a child wearing a helmet?
Secondary
How does Erikson describe school age children?
6-12 years
initiave vs guilt
learn to carry out tasks
want to be good at things
How do children intrepret blood being taken from them?
Make a hole in them and their insides will come out.
Fine and gross motor skills for a 5 monthj old?
Can grasp large objects but not small ones
Roll from belly to back
What is a big danger with small children and foods?
Choking
How do you give ear drops to a small child?
Pull ear down and back
How do you give vitamin K?
IM
Rational for potty training at 2 years?
Their bodies are not ready until they are two.
What age and weight can a car seat be turned forward facing?
Age one year
20 pounds
At what age are testicular tumors more likely?
Adolescents
What accounts for 75% of all cases of spina bifida?
Myelomeningocele
What is myelomeningocele?
Back bone and spinal canal do not close before birth.
Symptom of hip dysplasia
Hips POP when ortiloni maneuver is preformed.
What usually occurs with hip dysplasia?
neural tube disorders.
Symptoms of hydrocephalous
Big head with rapid increase in diameter
Vomit
sleepy
irritability
seizures
downward deviation of eyes (sunsetting)
Symptoms of Rubella
Appear 2-3 weeks after infection
Slightly raised temperature
swollen glands
rash of pink spots that start on face
conjunctivitis
Symptoms of Roseola
Persistant high temperature
higher than 102 for 3-4 days in an otherwise well child
lowered fever with onset of rash
appears on trunk and spreads
Impetigo
Begins in broken skin
Usually with staph
red macules-vesicles
most common in nose and mouth
wash with topical ointment 3x day
How do you treat cellulitis?
oral or parenteral antibiotics
What causes ringworm?
Fungus
How to manage head lice?
clean environment
wash in HOT water
tx entire family with NIX or Kwell
Lyme Disease
caused by Deer Tick bite
Caused by spirochete
stage 1 rash stage 2 most serious, involves neuro
TX oral doxycycline, less than 8 is amoxicillin or penicillin
Papule
firm PALPABLE elevation of skin less than 1 cm
vesicle
elevated lesion less than 1 cm filled with fluid
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder characterised by low body weight and body image distortion
What causes a wart?
Virus usually HPV
S/S of scabies?
Intense puritis especially at night
Fine grayish threadlike lines
What causes 5th disease?
human parvovirus B 19
Side effects of wearing a cast?
muscle loss
atrophy
increased sensitivity
What do you do with evulsed tooth if you do not want to put it back into your mouth until you can see a dentist?
put in cold milk or cold water
Hepatitis vaccine
1st injection
2nd one month later
3rd is 6 months from 1st
What injections will a 5 year old have?
DTaP
IPV
MMR
Most common form of childhood cancer?
Leukemia
How is leukemia diagnosed?
Bone marrow Aspiration
Biopsy
Lumbar Puncture
Wilm's Tumor
most common malignant tumor of kidneys
swelling or mass in abdomen
firm. nontender mass
increased abdominal girth
Symptoms of brain tumor?
HA with projectile vomiting
causes obstruction in CSF circulation
Causes increased ICP
What should you watch for in a child using diuretics?
Dehydration
clotting problems because of hypokalemia
S/S of necrosis
maybe no s/s of pain
loss of movement
stiffness
loss of ROM
avascular is arthritis
pyelonephrosis
disease of pelvic kidney
Why should you treat strep?
It could lead to Rhumatic fever if untreated.
Isotonic Dehydration
loss of water and electrolytes in equal proportions
How much fluid loss is there with mild dehydration?
Loss of less than 50ml/kg of fluid
What causes diarrhea most often in children?
Rotavirus
Complications of 3rd degree burns in children
Respiratory compromise
hypovolemic shock
local infections
sepsis
little or no pain because of nerve damage
What is the leading cause of death in adolescents?
Accidents
next is homocide
assess skin turgor?
check for tenting
color, dry, moist?
epiglottis
one of the biggest emergencies
Trachea swells shut needs trach or will die
Complications of bulemia
malnutrition
dehydration
electrolyte imbalance
tooth erosion
damage to voice
potential for gastric rupture
Stenosis
abnormal narrowing in blood vessel or other tubal organ
May be called stricture
Noise over turbulent flow, bruit
ultrasound or MRI to Diagnose
Intussusception
current jelly stools
How do you treat celiac disease?
Avoid Wheat.
First signs of puberty in females?
Breast Buds
First signs of puberty in males?
enlarged testicles
Hep B
2 months
4 months
6-18 months
11-16 years
DTaP
2 months
4 months
6 months
12-18 months
4-6 years
Hib
2 months
4 months
6 months
12-15 months
Prevnar
2 months
4 months
6 months
15 months
IPV
6 months
9 months
18 months
4-6 years
MMR
12-18 months
4-6 years
Varicella
12-18 months
Communicability of 5th disease (Erythema Infectiosum)
Incubation of
transmission
Before onset of s/s- 1 week after rash
4-14 days
unknown blood/resp
communicibality of roseola

incubation
transmission
during high temp until after rash
5-15 days
unknown
Chicken pox incubation
14-21 days
Rubella communicability

incubation
transmission
7 days before and 5 days after rash appears
14-21 days
resp direct and indirect
prevent with MMR
measles
Koplik's spots (bluish spots in mouth and oral mucosa
Vitamin A decreases mortality and morbidity
communicability
Disease is transmittable to others
Incubation Period
time between invasion of organism and outbreak of infection
prodromal period
time between beginning and non specific s/s
illness stage
appearance of disease
convalescent
Time between time when s/s begin to disappear and complete return to wellness.