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92 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Stridor, Wheezing
Upper Airway Obstruction
Tracheal Lesions
Rings / Slings
Foreign Bodies
Asthma
Upper Airway Obstruction
Inflammation: Eppiglotitis, Croup, RP abcess
Exogenous: FB, Caustic
Extrinsic: Brannchial cleft, thyroglossal duct cysts
Bubbly Lungs in Neonates
Bronchopulmonary Dyplasia (most common)
PIE
CF
Wilson-Mikity syndrome (form of BP dysplasia)
Mass Lesion in Nasopharynx
Antrochoanal polyp
Meningoencephalocele
Angiofibroma
Lymphadenopathy
Neuroblastoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Lymphangioma
hemangioma
Mass lesion in Oropharynx
Lympahdenopathy
Ectopic Thyroid
Lymphangioma
hemangioma
Mass lesion in Hypopharynx, larynx, trachea
Retention cysts
papillomas
lymphagioma
hemangioma
Neonatal Lung Masses in lung bases
Sequestration
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
CCAM
Hypoplastic lung (scimitar)
phrenic nerve paralysis
Neonatal lung mass in other lung zones (not bases)
Neuroblastoma
Pulmonary blastoma
PNET (Askin)
Early congenital lobar emphysema
Hyperlucent Lung
Large anterior ptx (common)
Congenital Lobar Emphysema
Congenital Lung Cyst
Swyer-James (BO, > 7 yrs)
Obstructive emphysema (CF, asthma, pneumonia, FB)
CCAM
NEonatal Pneumothorax
Pressure ventilation
Interstital pulmonary emphysema
Pulmonary hypoplasia (Potter's)
Small Solitary Pulmonary Nodule
Congenital: Bronchogenic Cyst
Sequestration
AVM, varix
Bronchial Atresia

Infection: Round Pneumonia (most common)
Granuloma
Abcess

Tumors:PNET, pulomnary blastoma
Neuroblastoma, Wilm's mets
Multiple Pulmonary Nodules
Mets (Wilm, teratoma, rhabdo, osteosarc)
Laryngeal papillomatosis (rare)
Septic Emboli
TB, fungus
Wegener's
Pediatric Interstitial Pattern
Gaucher's, Neiman-Pick
Lymphangectasia
Viral pneumonia
BPD
HMD
EG
Pediatric Chest Wall Tumors
EG
Askin (PNET)
Neuroblastoma
Mets
Ewings
Dilated Stomach
Pyloris Stenosis, pylorospasm
Antral Web
Antral gastritis
Rare: duplication cyst, ectopic pancreatic, polyps
Double Bubble
duodenal atresia
annular pancreas
duodenal bands
midgut volvulus
Preduodenal vein, SMA syndrome
Proximal SBO in Neonates
Atresia/stenosis
Midgut volvulus
Ladd's bands
Proximal SBO in Children
Intussusception (most common)
Incarcerated inguinal hernia (6-24 months)
perforated appendicitis
Distal SBO
Hirschprung's
Meconium Plug
Colonic atresia/stenosis
Imperforate Anus
Meconium Ileus
Post-NEC strictures, presacral tumors
Microcolon
Diabetic mothers, MgSO4 use
Ileal atresia
Meconium Ileus
Total colonic Hirschprung's
Pediatric Pneumatosis Intestinalis
NEC
Other less common: CF, collagen vascular dz, Leukemia, Milk Intolerance, Immunodeficiency
Obstruction
Steroid Use
Gasless abdomen
2,stomach; 6,SB; rectum,24h
Gastroenteritis
Appendicitis
Esophageal Atresia
Neurologic Impairment
Mechanical Vent

Bowel not in abdomen (omphalocele)
Ascites
Mass
Abdominal Calcifications
Meconium Peritonitis (most common)
Renal: Neuroblastoma, Wilm's, Nephrocalcinosis
Bowel: lith, Meckel's
Bladder: hem cystitis
Adrenal: hem, Wolman's
Cholelithiasis (sickle cell)
Liver:hepatoblastoma, granuloma
Renal mass in Neonates
Hydronephrosis
MCDK
Renal Mass in Children
Wilm's
Hydro
GI mass in neonates
Duplication
Meconium Pseudocyst
GI Mass in children
Appendiceal abcess
Intussusception
Neoplasm
RP mass in neonate
Adrenal Hem
RP MAss in infant/child
Neuroblastoma
Genital MAss in Neonate or child
Ovarian cyst
Hydrometrocolpos
Liver Mass in Neonate
Hemangioendothelioma
Choledochal Cyst
Liver Mass in Infant/Child
Hepatoblastoma
Gastric Filling Defect
FB (most)
bezoar
Ectopic Panc, duplications
Chron's
CGD
Hamartoma (Peutz-Jegher)
Thick GI FOlds
Henoch-Schnolein
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Coagulopathies
Lymphoma, leukemia
Enteritis
GI Hemorrhage
Meckel
Juvenile polyps
IBD
Portal hypertension
Fatty Liver in peds
Chronic protein malnutrition(most)
CF, glycogen storage, Wilson's, galactosemia, fructose intolerance, Reye's
Hepatitits
hyperalimentation
Pediatric cholelithiasis
Hemolysis: SC, thalassemia, spherocytosis
CF, furosemide, HPT, HMD
Hydrops of GB
Sepsis
burns
leptospirosis
Kawasaki
Cholecystitis in PEdi
Sickle Cell
Hemolytic Anemia
Biliary Strictures
Pancreatitis
Gallstones
Ascending cholangitis
Post-Kasi procedure
Liver transplant
Fatty replaced pancreas
CF
Schwaman-Diamond syndrome: (metaphyseal dysplasia, cyclic neuropenia, fatty panc, rib flaring)
Pedi pancreatitis
Trauma
Viral
Sepsis
Anomaly
Drugs
CF, hyperlipidemia
Cystic Renal Masses
polycystic kidney
MCDK
Multilocular cystic nephroma
VHL
TS
Cystic wilm's
Cystic adenoCA
Hydronephrosis
REflux
UVJ obst
UPJ obst
Ectopic ureterocele
PUV
Prune Belly
Common SOlid Renal Masses
wilm's (children)
mesoblastic nephroma (newborns)
nephroblastomatosis (w/ Wilm)
AML (TS)
Diffusely hypoechoic kidneys in newborns
Big: ARPCKD, CMV glomerulonephritis, glomerular cystic dz, diffuse cystic dysplasia

Small:dysplasia from obstruction
Echogenic Kidneys
ATN
glomerulonephritis
Renal infiltration
Glycogen
DM
Renal vein thrombosis
Leukemia (only malignancy)
HIV
Kawasaki
Loss of Normal corticomedullary differntiation
pyelo,
PCKD
Medullary cystic kidney
Late renal vein thrombosis
Medullary Nephrocalcinosis
Lasix
HPT
RTA (distal)
Hypercalcemia (mil alkali, sarcoid, hyper VitD)
Oxalosis
Medullary Sponge
Congenital Ureteric Obstruction
Primary megaureter
ureterocele
ureteral stenosis
circumcaval ureter
bladder tic
Adrenal Mass
Neonatal hem (most)
Neuroblastoma
Rare: teratoma, adenoma, carcinoma, pheo)
Cystic structure - bladder wall
Hutch tic
urachal remnant
ureterocele
Large abdominal Cystic Mass
Lymphangioma
Enteric duplication
Meconium pseudocyst
Choledochal cyst
Adrenal hem
ovarian cyst
Presacral Mass
rectal dup
anterior meningocele
teratoma
Neuroblastoma
Intralabial Mass
ectopic ureterocele
periurethral cysts
rhabdo of vag
prolapsed urethra
imperforate hymen
Macrocephaly
Hydrocephalus (communicating most common)
Rare: subdural, calvarial abn, Beckwith-Wiedemann, cerebral giantism)
Microcephaly
atrophic brain (infection, fetla alcohol)
craniosynostosis
shunt placement
Thick Skull
healing renal osteodystrophy
HPT (salt and pepper)
Anemias (hematopoesis)

Leukemia, lymphoma

decreased intracranial pressure - shunts (most)

Fibrous dys, Engelmann's dz
Lytic Skull Lesion
EG
Leukemia, lymphoma
Fibrous dysplasia
Dermoid, epidermoid
Hyperparathyroidism
Abnormal Intracranial calcifications
Tumor: craniopharyngioma>olgo>glioma
Infection: TORCH
Cong: TS, Sturge-Weber
Metabolic: lead, HPT, Fahr's dz
Trauma
Vascular: AVM (vein of Galen aneurysm), hematoma
Enlarged Sella Turcica
Craniooharyngioma (most)
hypothalamic glioma
ICP
empt sella
Nelson's dz
Pedi MSK tumors w/ flui/fluid level
ABC
Telangeiectatic OSA
Giant CEll
Cysts with path fx
Widened joint spaces
septic arthritis
hemarthrosis
Transient toxic synovitis
JRA
Bowed Bones
Rickets (most)
NF
OI
Fibrous dysplasia
Diffuse osteopenia
rickets
HPT
Immobilizxation
JRA
Diffusely Dense Bones
Osteopetrosis
Pyknodysostosis
Melorheostosis
Engelmann's (diaphyseal dysplasia)
Infantile Cortical hyperostosis (Caffey)
Hypercalcemia (Williams synd)
Cortical hyperostosis (van Buchem)
Pachydermoperiostitis

hypothyroidism
Syphillis
HyperVitD
Symmetric Periosteal Reaction
Neuroblastoma, Leukemia, Lymph

Syphillis, Rubella

Caffey, OI

HyperVIT A/D, Prosto E, Scurvy

Trauma X (subperiosteal hematoma)

Bone Infarcts (sickle)
Periosteal REaction
SCALP
Scurvy
Caffey
Accident, hyper A
Leukemia
Prostaglandin
SCALP
Deformed single epihpysis
LCP
Steroids
OCD
Infection
Hypothyroidism
Multiple deformed epiphyses
multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
Myer's
Morquio's
Enlarged Epihpyses
hemophiliac
JRA
Chronic infectious
Healed LCP
Epiphyseal dysplasia hemimelia (Trevor's)
Lucent Transverse Metaphyseal Lines
stress lines (neonates)
lymphoma, leukemia
neuroblastoma mets
Dense Transverse Metaphyseal Lines
Growth recover lines (neonates)
heavy metal
healing ricket's
Widened Growth Plates (>1 mm)
Rickets (most)
Salter-Harris 1
Tumor
Infection
Metaphyseal Fragments
Trauma X
Blaount's
Osteo
Vertebra Plana
EG
Leukemia, Lymphoma
Mets (neuroblastoma)
Infection, Trauma
Generalized vertebra plana
OI
Dwarfism
Morquio
Cushing's
Fused Vertebrae
Klippel-Feil (C2-3)
Post-trauamtic
Isolated
Large vertebral body or abnormal shape
Blood dyscrasia
Sickle cell, thalessemia
Atlantoaxial subluxation (>5mm)
Down's
Morquio
JRA
Trauma
Disc space narrowing
Schuermann's
block vertebra
Cockayne
Kneist
Morquio
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia
Neuropathic arthropathy
Enlarged Disc space
osteoporosis
biconcave vetebra
Gaucher's
Sickle
Pediatric Sacral Abnormalities
Meningocele
NF
Presarcal teratoma
Agenesis
Radial Ray deficiency
Holt-Oram (cardiac, chest)
Poland's
Fancomis
TAR
Polydactyly
familial
chondroectodermal dysplasia
trisomies 13-15
Laurence-Moon-Bardet
Short 4th Metacarpal
Turner's
Growth arrest
Long 4th metacarpal
Macrodystrophia Lipomatosa
NF
Delayed Bone Age
hypothyroidism, cyanotic CHD, HGH def, cranipharyngioma

Turner's, short stature
Hemihypertrophy
Wilms
AV fistula
Lymphangioma
Klippel-Terlani-Webber
NF
Down Syndrome
dudodenal atresia
TE fistula, esophageal atresia
endocardial cushion defect
Hirschprung's
Multiple sternal ossification
11 ribs
WilliamSyndrome
Infantile Idiopathic Hypercalcemia)
AS
pulomnic stensosi
coarc
retardation
dental abn
Beckwith-Weidemann
MAcroglossia
Visceromegally
Gigantism
Omphalocele
Wilm's