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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What two bones make up the pectoral girdle?
clavicle
scapula
What is th emedial end of the clavicle?
sternal end
What is the lateral end of the clavicle
acromial end
What is the ridge of bone on the posterior side of the scapula?
spine
What bony prominence of the scapula can be palpated on the lateral side?
acromion
What is the overall shape of the scapula?
triangle
The scapula is a flat bone. What are its three edges?
superior border
medial border
lateral border
What are the three meeting points of the edges of the scapula?
superior angle
inferior angle
lateral angle
With wha tpart of the scapula does the humerus articulate
glenoid articulate
What bony process lies superior to the scapula's articulation with the humerus and serves as the origin for the long head of the biceps brachii?
supraglenoid tubercle
What bony process lies inferior to the scapula's articulation with the humerus and serves as the origin for the long head of the triceps brachii?
infraglenoid tubercle
What is the braod, relatively smooth anterior depression of the scapula?
subscapular fossa
What is the depression superior to the spine of the scapula
supraspinous fossa
What is the depression inferior to the spine of the scapula?
infraspinous fossa
What is the only bone of the brachium?
humerus
What part of the humerus articulates with the scapula?
head
What bony prominence of the humerus lies proximall and laterally?
greater tubercle
What bony prominence of the humerus lies proximally and anteriorly?
lesser tubercle
Through what feature of the humerus does the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii run?
intetubercular groove
What feature of the humerus lies in the proximal region where the bone begins to narrow?
surgical neck
What are two terms for the long, central region of the scapula or any other long bone?
shaft
diaphysis
What rough prominence lies on the lateral side of the middle portion of the humerus
deltoid tuberosity
What are distal, easily palpated bony projections on the humerus?
deltoid tuberosity
What are distal, easily palpated bony projections on the humerus
epicondyles
What feature of the humerus articulates with the head of the radius?
capitulum
What feature of the humerus articulates with the ulna?
trochlea
What is the distal, lateral depression on the anterior side of the humerus?
radial fossa
What is the distal medial depression on the anterior side of the humeru?
Coronoid fossa
What is the distal depression on the posterior side of the humerus?
olecranon fossa
From lateral to medial what are the two bones of the forearm?
radius
ulna
What of the two bones of the forearm movesduring pronation?
Radius
What portion of the radius articulates with the humerus
head
what narrow region of the radius lies just distal to the articulation with the humerus?
Neck
on what prominence of the radisu does the biceps brachii insert?
radial tuberosity
What bony projection of the radius can be palpated on the distal, lateral side of the forearm?
styloid process
What distal feature of the radius articulates with the ulna?
ulnar notch
Waht feature of the ulna articulates with the humerus
trochlear notch
what prominent projection of the ulna forms the posterior bump on the elbow
olecranon
What prominence of the ulna forms the inferior lip of the trochlear notch?
coronoid process
what feature of the ulna forms a part of the proximal radioulnar joint?
radial notch
what feature of the ulna appears as a bump on the distal medial side of the forearm?
head
What feature of the ulna can be palpated on the distal, medial side of the forearm?
styloid process
What sheet of dense regular connective tissue lies between the radius and ulna?
interosseous membrane
What is the collective name of the eight small bones of the wrist?
Carpals
From lateral to medial what bones form the proximal row of carpals?
scaphoid
lunate
triquetrum
pisiform
From lateral to medial, what bones form the distal row of carpsl?
trapezium
trapezoid
capitate
hamate*
What long bones support the palm of the hand?
metacarpals
How are the bones in the palm of the hand numbered?
1 to 5
thumb=1
pinky=5
What are the bones in the digits
phalanges
How many bones are in the thumb?
2 phalanges
What bone in the thumb articulates with the first metacarpal?
proximal phalanx
What bone in the thumb lies within the segment of that digit with the nail?
distal phalanx
Digits II through V each have three bones. How are they designated
proximal
middle
distal
What is the difference between the digits and phalanges
phalanges=bone
digis=2 to 3 phalanges + other tissue