Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
motor learning
the study of the process invovled in acquiring and refining motor skills and of variables that promote or inhibit that acquisition
motor control
focuses on teh neural, physical, and behavorial aspects of teh human movement
learning
a relatively permaent change in a persons capability to execute a motor skill as a result of practice or experiance
performance
the act of executing a skill
motor skill
a goal-oriented act or task tht requires voluntary body and/or limb movement and mustbe learned. dev. thru prac.
taxonomy
a model into which skills are classified
fine motor skills
a motor skill involving very precise movements normally accomplished using smaller musculate (fishing, sewing, surgery)
gross motor skills
a motor skill that places less emphasis on precision and is typically the result of multi-limb movements
(running, hopping, skipping)
discrete skills
a skill whose beggining and end points are clearly defined
(golf swing, sitting-standing..)
serial skill
a ms composed of a number of discrete skills whose integrated performance is crucial for goal achievment
( cheer routine, roping a calf)
continuous skill
a skill whose beg. and end pts are either arbitrary or determined by some environmental factor rather than by the task itself
(cycling, speed skating, rowing)
closed skill
a skill for which the object or context to be acted on or within is very stable and predictable, allowing the performer to control teh performance situation
(bowling, picking up coffee, zipping a coat)
open skill
a ms that is performed in a unpredicatble, ever changing envir.
(walking thru a crowd, dribbling in soccer)
regulatory conditions
environ. factors that specify the movement characteristics necessary to succes. perform a skill
task analysis
the breaking down of a skill into its component parts and corresponding underlying abilites
perception
the proces by which meaning is attatched to information
intrinsic feedback
response produced info that is avaible to learners from their sensory system both during and as a consequence of performance
affordances
action possibilities of the environ. and task in relation to the percievers own capabiliites
(looking at a store from an adults v childs perception)
reaction time
the interval of time bt the moment that a stimulus is presented to when a response is initiated
Hicks Law
rlnshp bt the # of movement choices and the time needed to prepare a response where the higher the degree of uncertainty in a given sit., the lnger the time needed to decide which response to make
choice RT
the reac time resulting from a sit involving a choice as to how to respond
(look @ graph p 27)
response time
from when the movement that the stimilus is presented to when a response is complete (involves RT and mv time)
movement time
the time bt teh initiation of a movement and its completion
event anticipation
temporal ant
prediction of WHAT event will happen
pred of WHEN an event will happen
precue
clues in the env that if detected can assit a learner in anticipating
(expecting a certain pitch/ run a play in certain sit)
foreperiod
the time interval bt teh presentation of a warning signal and a stimulus
(should range 1-4 seconds)
psychological refractory period (PRP)
delay in responding to a second stim in a sit where 2 stim, each of which require a diff resposne, are presented in succession within a short period of time
stimulous-response compatibility
the extent to which a stimulus and its required response are naturaly related
( arrangement of stoves and there controlers or green/red botton = go/stop on treadmill)
selective attention
the ability to attend to or focus on one specific item in teh midst of countless stimuli
(cocktail party phenom)
attentional focus
the process used to selectively attend to specific environ info. can be divided into direction and width
(look @ p. 38)
arousal
general physiological adn pyschological activation
anxiety
an emotion resulting from an individuals perception of a situation as threatening
inverted-U principle
the rltnship bt arousal and performance where there exists an optima level of arousal for peak performance
cue utilization hypothesis
a paradigm where changes in attentional focus occur according to arousal levels
perceptual narrowing
the narrowing of attentional focus w/ increasing levels of arousal
arousal
general physiological adn pyschological activation
anxiety
an emotion resulting from an individuals perception of a situation as threatening
inverted-U principle
the rltnship bt arousal and performance where there exists an optima level of arousal for peak performance
cue utilization hypothesis
a paradigm where changes in attentional focus occur according to arousal levels
perceptual narrowing
the narrowing of attentional focus w/ increasing levels of arousal