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10 Cards in this Set

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causes gas,distention and discomfort due to stretching of the ureters, ducts and sometimes distention of the fibrous capsule.
Renal Colic
causes gas,distention and discomfort due to stretching within the biliary tree and the intrahepatic structures.
Biliary Colic
classically presents with acute pain in the RUQ of abdomen,may radiate to scapula, N/V, and fever. On PE, the patient may have + murphy's, aggravated by deep breathing
acute cholecystitis.
acout inflammation of a colonic diverticulum. usually in LLQ. cramping at first then becomes steady pain. Fever, constipation/diarrhea.saclike mucosal outpouching through the colonic muscle.
acute diverticulitis.
a precursor to adenocarcinoma. presents in the lower 1/3 of the esophagas as change from squamous epithelium to columnar epi. from chronic reflux esophagitis
Barrett's esophagus
patient presents w 3 days of diarrhea.you order them NPO. what can you expect?
within 24-48 hours, if it is osmotic diarrhea, it will go away. (NPO = nothing by mouth)
stool that is watery, s blood, pus or mucus. duration of a few days. N/V. periumbilical cramping. Common food source, epidemic.
acute diarrhea: secretory infections. usually caused by viruses/ preformed bacterial toxins (staph aureus, C. Perfringens, E.coli., V.Cholerae)
stool that is loose to watery, often c blood, pus, and mucus. acute. lower abd cramping pain, rectal urgency, tenesmus, fever. P recently traveled, been exposed to contaminated food/water; frequent anal intercourse.
acute diarrhea: inflammatory infections. (colonization or invasionof intestinal mucosa; salmonella, shigella, yersinia, campylobacter, enterpathic E.coli)
watery diarrhea of large volumes due to a deficiency in intestinal lactase. Follows the digestion of milk products. relieved by fasting. crampy abdom pain and distention, flatulence.
Osmotic diarrheas: lactose intolerance
Location of squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus
upper 1/3