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60 Cards in this Set

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Where are the skenes glands located?
Just below the urethral opening
What structure is directly superior tothe clitoris?
Prepuce
Where is the urethral meatus?
It opens into the vestibule between the clitoris and the vagina
Where are Bartholin's glands
Located posteriorly on either side of the vaginal opening
What joins the body of the uterus with the cervix?
The Isthmus
what is the transformation zone?
It's the squamocolumnar juntion at the os which is at risk for dysplasia

This is the area sampled by the Pap Smear
The term for the ovaries, tubes, and supporting structures
Adnexa
What hormones do the ovaries secrete?
Estrogen
Progesterone
Testosterone
What does the Tanner scale evaluate?
Growth of pubic hair and development of breasts
What are the assoc. symptoms of menopause?
Hot flashes
Sweating
Flushing
Sleep disturbances
Postmenopausal bleeding may suggest?
Endometrial cancer
Name causes of secondary amenorrhea
Pregnancy
Lactation
menopause
Anorexia
Stress
Chronic illness
Hypothalamic pituitary ovarian dysfunction
Post-coital bleeding may suggest?
Polyps
Cancer
Atrophic Vaginitis(older women)
What is dyspareunia?
Pain during intercourse
When should Pap smears begin?
At age 18 or with onset of sexual activity
Who does not require Pap smear screening?
Women who never had intercourse
Women with complete hysterectomy
What is pediculosis?
Lice or crabs; presents with excoriations or itchy, small, red maculopapules
Pain on movement of the cervix together with adnexal tenderness suggest?
PID
Nodules on the uterine surface suggest?
Myomas
Name two causes of urethritis
Chlamydia trachomatis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Slightly raised, flat, round or oval papules covered by grey exudate suggest?
Condylomata lata(secondary syphilis
a small, red, benign tumor at the posterior part of the urethral meatus
Urethral Caruncle

Occurs in postmenopausal women
What lab test is used to Dx Trichomonas Vaginalis?
Scan saline wet mount
What lab test is used for Candida Vaginitis?
KOH
What causes atrophic vaginitis
Decreased estrogen production after menopause
What condition gives you an unpleasant fishy or musty genital odor?
Bacterial vaginosis
what is cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
Abnormal growth of precancerous cells in the cervix; usually squamous cell carcinoma
MCC of CIN- Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
HPV
Describe:
CIN I
CIN II
CIN III
Mild dysplasia
Moderate dysplasia
Severe dysplasia; metastatic
What is the test for syphilis
VDRL
How do you treat syphilis?
Pen G
2.4 mil Units IM weekly x 3 wks
This condition is chacterized by amenorrhea, polycystic ovaries, mild hirsutism and infertility
Stein Leventhal
this structure produces estrogen and progesterone which are needed for the maintenance of a pregnancy
Corpus Leteum
What is tamoxifen used for?
Treatment of breast Ca
hormone that stimulates breast growth
Estrogen
What is a complication of chlamydia or gonorrhea
Infertility
"Clue Cells", a beady appearance on edge of cells seen on saline prep
Bacterial Vaginosis
syndrome assoc. with gonorrhea or chlamydia that causes thinning of cervical mucous and allow bacteria from the vagina into the uterus and oviducts
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome

Occasionally, this inflammation can affect Glisson's capsule
what hormone is responsible for the LH surge that triggers ovulation?
Estriadol
What hormones does the corpus luteum produce?
Estradiol
Progesterone
What hormone converts the follicle into the corpus leteum
LH
How long should the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle be?
14 days
What chemical supports the corpus luteal production of hormones during early pregnancy?
HCG
Small, painless nodules appear after about 10–40 days of the contact with the bacteria. Later the nodules burst, creating open, fleshy, oozing lesions
granuloma inguinale
This STD is caused by Chlamydia and forms buboes or abscesses in the inguinal region where draining lymph nodes are located
LGV-Lympho granuloma venerium
T/F Condyloma acuminata is a virus
TRUE
Do oral contraceptives increase the risk of Candida infections?
YES
STD caused by HPV having genital warts
Condyloma acuminata
STD that produces a green/yellow DC with foul odor; usually treated with flagyl
Trichomoniasis
The MC STD in the US
Chlamydia
STD with grey-white dc with fishy odor; clue cells seen on slide
Bacterial Vaginosis
Cheesy, odorless discharge
Candidiasis
creamy, yellow discharge; gram - diplococci
gonorrhea
What are chocolate cysts?
Cysts made up of endometrial tissue in ovaries composed of old blood; rupture may lead to peritonitis
what is the definitive diagnostic method for endometriosis?
laparoscopy
What hormones stimulate release of estrogen from ovaries
FSH
LH
Prolactin
Milk-producing glandular cells
Alveoli
hormone responsible for growth of alveolar epithelium during puberty or pregnancy?
progesterone
Name 2 gonadotropic hormones
FSH
LH
when is the corpus luteum formed?
post-ovulation