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25 Cards in this Set

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DFO?
done fell out
The blood vessels in the body also can squeeze (constrict) to raise blood pressure (this action may be paralyzed during ________)
“shock”
Too little blood volume during what conditions?
Anemia
Dehydration
Dialysis
pulse found in conditions causing a decreased stroke volume:
Hypovolemia (dehydration)
Congestive heart failure
parvus pulse
A patient with hyperthyroidism, anemia, fever, an incompetent aortic valve (volume overload) or a patient who has just run 100 yards…….will have a ___________ Pulse!
Bounding
Orthostatic Test is positive if.....
-If the systolic Blood pressure drops >10mm 2 minutes after changing positions
-If the heart rate increases more than 10 2 minutes after changing positions
Increased respiration rate with what conditions?
Pain
Anxiety (hyperventilation)
Congestive Heart Failure
Pulmonary Embolus
Oral temperature may dip to 96º F during normal sleep (minimal temp occurs at 0400)
Why?
cortisol
Oral temp that is probably febrile
99.5ºF (37.5º)
Low Blood Pressure can be due to:
Food (after eating)
Hypothyroidism
Infection
Hyperventilation
Hot weather
Neurological disorders
To diagnose, perform a “Orthostatic Test”
BP = HR x SV x ?
SVR


Systemic vascular resistance
Diff b/w primary and secondary HTN
Primary (Essential): No identifiable cause

Secondary: Identifiable cause
Causes of HTN
Sleep apnea
Drugs
Chronic kidney disease
1° Aldosteronism
Renovascular disease
Cushings or chronic steroids
Pheochromocytoma
Coarctation of aorta
Thyroid disease
Parathyroid disease
signs/Symptoms of pheochromocytoma
dizziness with urination
HTN
sweating
catecholamines in urine
Stage II HTN sys and dia
160/100
initial stage 1 HTN medication
beta-blocker or HCTZ (diuretic)

if athlete, use ACE or ARB (have to fight insurance company)
How many office visits with elevated BP before HTN diagnosis?
3
People who are normotensive at age 55 have a ___% life-time risk for developing HBP
90%
% of adults with high BP
25% of all adults
% of adults with DM in US
5% up to 8% of all adults
_____% of all adults with diabetes also have HBP
50%
4 factors of metabolic syndrome
HBP*
Obesity* (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2)
Dyslipidemia*
Diabetes*
GFR measurement that qualifies as a cardiovascular risk factor
GFR <60 ml/min.
Recommended sodium/salt intake
2.4 grams Na
6.0 grams NaCl
Treat pt’s with chronic kidney disease or diabetes mellitus to BP goal of __/__.
<130/80