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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1) Each of the following is a primary tissue type, except
A) Connective tissue.
B) Osseous tissue.
C) Neural tissue.
D) Muscle tissue.
E) Epithelial tissue.
B) Osseous tissue.
2) The tissue that always has a free surface exposed to the internal or external environment is
A) Contractive tissue.
B) Neural tissue.
C) Epithelial tissue.
D) Connective tissue.
E) Muscle tissue.
C) Epithelial tissue.
3) Functions of epithelia include all of the following, except
A) Providing physical protection.
B) Absorption.
C) Controlling permeability.
D) Producing specialized secretions.
E) Storing energy reserves.
E) Storing energy reserves.
4) Epithelial cells exhibit modifications that adapt them for
A) Secretion.
B) Support.
C) Circulation.
D) Conduction.
E) Contraction.
A) Secretion.
5) Epithelial cells that are adapted for absorption or secretion usually have ________ at their free surface.
A) microvilli
B) many mitochondria
C) cilia
D) Golgi complexes
E) junctional complexes
A) microvilli
6) A type of intercellular connection in which there is a partial fusion of the lipid portions of the two cell membranes is termed a(n)
A) Intermediate junction.
B) Tight junction.
C) Gap junction.
D) Desmosome.
E) none of the above
B) Tight junction.
7) Dead skin cells are shed in thick sheets because they are held together by a thin layer of proteoglycan reinforced by intermediate filaments. Such strong intercellular connections are
A) Desmosomes.
B) Intermediate junctions.
C) Gap junctions.
D) Tight junctions.
E) Junctional complexes.
A) Desmosomes.
8) Epithelium is connected to underlying connective tissue by
A) Interfacial canals.
B) Proteoglycan.
C) A basement membrane.
D) A reticular lamina.
C) A basement membrane.
9) The basic shapes of epithelial cells include all of the following, except
A) Stratified.
B) Cuboidal.
C) Squamous.
D) Columnar.
A) Stratified.
10) Mesothelium is to the linings of the body cavities as endothelium is to the linings of the
A) Mouth.
B) Large intestine.
C) Heart and blood vessels.
D) Kidneys.
E) Urinary bladder.
C) Heart and blood vessels.
1) The type of epithelium that is found lining internal body compartments and blood vessels is
A) Stratified cuboidal epithelium.
B) Transitional epithelium.
C) Stratified squamous epithelium.
D) Simple squamous epithelium.
E) Simple cuboidal epithelium.
D) Simple squamous epithelium.
12) Which of the following is not a correct statement about simple epithelia?
A) They are avascular.
B) They are characteristic of regions where secretion or absorption occurs.
C) They afford little mechanical protection.
D) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
E) They line internal compartments and passageways.
D) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
13) The type of epithelium found where absorption or secretion takes place is ________ epithelium.
A) simple cuboidal
B) pseudostratified columnar
C) simple squamous
D) all of the above
E) both A and B
D) all of the above
14) Simple cuboidal epithelium would be found
A) Lining blood vessels.
B) Forming the follicles of the thyroid gland.
C) Lining the trachea.
D) Lining the air sacs of the lungs.
E) At the surface of the skin.
B) Forming the follicles of the thyroid gland.
15) Stratified cuboidal epithelia would be found
A) Lining the stomach.
B) Lining kidney tubules.
C) Lining the ducts that drain sweat glands.
D) Lining the urinary bladder.
E) At the surface of the skin.
C) Lining the ducts that drain sweat glands.
16) A transitional epithelium would be found
A) Lining the ducts that drain sweat glands.
B) Lining the urinary bladder.
C) At the surface of the skin.
D) Lining kidney tubules.
E) Lining the stomach.
B) Lining the urinary bladder.
17) The heart and blood vessels are lined by
A) Simple columnar epithelium.
B) Transitional epithelium.
C) Pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
D) Simple squamous epithelium.
E) Simple cuboidal epithelium.
D) Simple squamous epithelium.
18) You would find pseudostratified columnar epithelium lining the
A) Urinary bladder.
B) Secretory portions of the pancreas.
C) Surface of the skin.
D) Trachea.
E) Stomach.
D) Trachea.
19) Glands that secrete hormones into the blood or tissue fluids are
A) Merocrine glands.
B) Mixed glands.
C) Exocrine glands.
D) Holocrine glands.
E) Endocrine glands.
E) Endocrine glands.
1) Which of the following is a type of secretion in which some cytoplasm is lost with the product?
A) serous
B) holocrine
C) apocrine
D) merocrine
E) mucus
C) apocrine
21) The fibrous components of connective tissue are produced by
A) Melanocytes.
B) Fibroblasts.
C) Mast cells.
D) Adipocytes.
E) Macrophages.
B) Fibroblasts.
22) Cells that store fat are called
A) Fibroblasts.
B) Adipocytes.
C) Melanocytes.
D) Fixed macrophages.
E) Mast cells.
B) Adipocytes.
23) Loose connective tissue functions in all of the following ways, except
A) Transporting substances between cells.
B) Anchoring blood vessels and nerves.
C) Supporting epithelia.
D) Storing lipids.
E) Filling spaces between organs.
A) Transporting substances between cells.
24) The framework or stroma of organs such as the spleen, liver, and lymph nodes is made up of ________ tissue.
A) loose connective
B) adipose
C) regular dense connective
D) reticular connective
E) irregular dense connective
D) reticular connective
25) The dominant fiber type in dense connective tissue is
A) Fibrin.
B) Collagen.
C) Myosin.
D) Actin.
E) Elastin.
B) Collagen.
26) Each of the following is an example of dense connective tissue, except
A) Areolar tissue.
B) Aponeuroses.
C) Tendons.
D) Ligaments.
E) Elastic tissue.
A) Areolar tissue.
27) Tissues that provide strength and support for areas subjected to stresses from many directions are
A) Ligaments.
B) Areolar tissue.
C) Tendons.
D) Aponeuroses.
E) Dense irregular connective tissues.
E) Dense irregular connective tissues.
28) The cell that accounts for almost half the volume of blood is the
A) Platelet.
B) Leukocyte.
C) Monocyte.
D) Erythrocyte.
E) Phagocyte.
D) Erythrocyte.
29) Chondroitin sulfate is found in the matrix of
A) Areolar tissue.
B) Cartilage.
C) Adipose tissue.
D) Elastic connective tissue.
E) Epithelial tissue.
B) Cartilage.
30) Chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to
A) Blood.
B) Fat.
C) Bone.
D) Epithelium.
E) Neural tissue.
C) Bone.
31) Cartilage is separated from surrounding tissues by a fibrous
A) Canaliculi.
B) Lacunae.
C) Volkmann's canal.
D) Perichondrium.
E) Periosteum.
D) Perichondrium.
32) The most common type of cartilage is ________ cartilage.
A) hyaline
B) osseous
C) fibrous
D) elastic
E) ligamentous
A) hyaline
33) Osseous tissue is also called
A) Bone.
B) Fat.
C) Cellulite.
D) Cartilage.
E) Ligament.
A) Bone.
1) Which of the following membranes line cavities that communicate with the exterior of the body?
A) cutaneous
B) synovial
C) pleural
D) mucous
E) serous
D) mucous
1) The reduction of friction between the parietal and visceral surfaces of an internal cavity is the function of
A) Mucous membranes.
B) Cutaneous membranes.
C) Serous membranes.
D) The lamina propria.
E) Synovial membranes.
C) Serous membranes.
36) The serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity is the
A) Perichondrium.
B) Pleura.
C) Periosteum.
D) Peritoneum.
E) Pericardium.
D) Peritoneum.
37) Which of the following refers to the dense connective tissue that forms the capsules that surround many organs?
A) deep fascia
B) subcutaneous layer
C) subserous fascia
D) superficial fascia
E) hypodermis
A) deep fascia
1) Tissue that is specialized for contraction is ________ tissue.
A) loose connective
B) nerve
C) muscle
D) dense connective
E) epithelial
C) muscle
39) Satellite cells would be found in association with
A) Involuntary muscle.
B) Cardiac muscle.
C) Skeletal muscle.
D) Smooth muscle.
E) both C and D
C) Skeletal muscle.
1) The muscle tissue that shows no striations is ________ muscle.
A) skeletal
B) voluntary
C) smooth
D) cardiac
E) multinucleated
C) smooth
41) Tissue that is specialized for the conduction of electrical impulses is ________ tissue.
A) epithelial
B) connective
C) neural
D) osseous
E) areolar
C) neural
42) All of the following are true of neurons, except that
A) They are a specialized type of connective tissue.
B) They are composed of a soma and nerve fibers.
C) They conduct a nervous impulse.
D) They are separated from one another by synapses.
E) When mature, they lose the ability to divide.
A) They are a specialized type of connective tissue.
43) Tissue changes with age include all of the following, except
A) Decreased ability to repair damage.
B) Less efficient tissue maintenance.
C) Thinner epithelia.
D) Proliferation of epidermal cells.
E) More fragile connective tissues.
D) Proliferation of epidermal cells.
44) Which of the following terms refers to a reversible change in the normal shape, size, and organization of tissue cells?
A) anaplasia
B) dysplasia
C) metaplasia
D) metastasis
E) inflammation
B) dysplasia
45) Germinative cells
A) Cannot function in the repair of epithelial tissue.
B) Are found in the superficial layers of epithelial tissue.
C) Do not divide.
D) Make up most of the epithelial type of tissue.
E) Divide regularly to produce new epithelial cells.
E) Divide regularly to produce new epithelial cells.
46) Cells that are specialized for secretion
A) Have a free surface that is flat.
B) Exhibit polarity.
C) Do not have a nucleus.
D) Are only found in the digestive system.
E) Are usually large.
B) Exhibit polarity
1) Watery perspiration is an example of a (n) ________ secretion.
A) apocrine
B) serous
C) mucous
D) merocrine
E) holocrine
D) merocrine
48) The pancreas is an example of a ________ gland.
A) mucous
B) serous
C) unicellular
D) merocrine
E) mixed
E) mixed
1) The only example of unicellular exocrine glands are
A) Mammary glands.
B) Sebaceous cells.
C) Goblet cells.
D) Sweat glands.
E) Serous cells.
C) Goblet cells.
50) Cells that remove damaged cells or pathogens from connective tissue are
A) Fibroblasts.
B) Melanocytes.
C) Mast cells.
D) Adipocytes.
E) Fixed macrophages.
E) Fixed macrophages.
51) During an infection, you would expect to see increased numbers of all of the following in the infected area, except
A) Erythrocytes.
B) Microphages.
C) Lymphocytes.
D) Plasma cells.
E) Macrophages.
A) Erythrocytes.
52) Antibodies are produced by
A) Fibroblasts.
B) Macrophages.
C) Plasma cells.
D) Mast cells.
E) Microphages.
C) Plasma cells.
53) Cells that respond to injury or infection by dividing to produce daughter cells that differentiate into other cell types are
A) Mesenchymal cells.
B) Mast cells.
C) Lymphocytes.
D) Fibroblasts.
E) Plasma cells.
A) Mesenchymal cells.
54) Unlike cartilage, bone
A) Is very vascular.
B) Is a connective tissue.
C) Have cells that are located in spaces called lacunae.
D) Has a two-layered outer covering.
E) Has a matrix that contains collagen.
A) Is very vascular.
55) Adhesions occur when
A) Muscle is damaged.
B) Nerve cells are damaged.
C) Synovial membranes are damaged.
D) Serous membranes are damaged.
E) all of the above
D) Serous membranes are damaged.
1) The red color and heat associated with inflamed tissue is the result of
A) The release of heparin from injured cells.
B) Increased numbers of white cells in the injured area.
C) Loss of blood from the injured tissue.
D) Local vasodilation.
E) Increased numbers of bacteria in the area of a wound.
D) Local vasodilation.
57) Characteristics of epithelia include
A) Regeneration.
B) Polarity.
C) Attachment.
D) Avascularity.
E) all of the above
E) all of the above
58) Epithelia specialized for providing sensations of smell, taste, sight, equilibrium, and hearing are known as
A) Normal epithelia.
B) Glandular epithelia.
C) Neuroepithelia.
D) Neuropsychoepithelia.
E) Psychoepithelia.
C) Neuroepithelia.
1) Secretions discharged on the body surface provide ________, while those discharged into the surrounding fluid or blood act as ________.
A) superficial receptors; interstitial fluid
B) physical protection; chemical messengers
C) transport media; physical protectors
D) scent; protection
E) lubrication; lubricators
B) physical protection; chemical messengers
60) ________ And ________ are two types of desmosomes.
A) CAMS; proteoglycans
B) Lumen; button
C) Gap; CAMS
D) Button; hemidesmosomes
E) Tight; gap
D) Button; hemidesmosomes
61) The Pap test is a procedure utilizing
A) Physiology.
B) Histology.
C) Exfoliative cytology.
D) Anatomy.
E) Embryology.
C) Exfoliative cytology.
62) Endocrine glands empty their products into ________ and are referred to as ________ glands, while exocrine gland secretions empty into ________.
A) interstitial fluid or blood; ductless; ducts
B) cells; cellular; blood
C) blood; ducted; cells
D) interstitial fluid; ducted; interstitial fluid
E) ducts; ducted; blood
A) interstitial fluid or blood; ductless; ducts
63) Damage to the cartilage near a joint would affect which type of tissue?
A) supporting connective tissue
B) adipose tissue
C) loose connective tissue
D) fluid connective tissue
E) dense connective tissue
A) supporting connective tissue
64) Two classes of macrophages include
A) Microphages and adipocytes.
B) Fixed macrophages and free macrophages.
C) Mast cells and basophils.
D) Mesenchymal cells and melanocytes.
E) Neutrophils and eosinophils.
B) Fixed macrophages and free macrophages.
65) Two types of microphages include
A) Mesenchymal cells and melanocytes.
B) Fixed macrophages and free macrophages.
C) Mast cells and basophils.
D) Microphages and adipocytes.
E) Neutrophils and eosinophils.
E) Neutrophils and eosinophils.
66) Wharton's jelly is an alternate term for
A) Collagen fibers.
B) Mucous connective tissue.
C) Ground substance.
D) Marfan's syndrome.
E) C and D
B) Mucous connective tissue.
67) White fat is found in ________, while brown fat is found in ________.
A) adults; infants
B) adults; adolescents
C) infants; adults
D) adults; the elderly
E) adults; adults
A) adults; infants
68) ________ attach skeletal muscles to bones, and ________ connect one bone to another.
A) Ligaments; tendons
B) Tendons; ligaments
C) Aponeuroses; tendons
D) Ligaments; aponeuroses
E) Reticular tissues; tendons
B) Tendons; ligaments
69) The four basic types of tissue in the body are
A) Lymphocytes, macrophages, microphages, and adipocytes.
B) Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural.
C) Simple, cuboidal, squamous, and stratified.
D) Epithelial, stratified, squamous, and lipid.
E) Fibroblasts, adipocytes, melanocytes, and mesenchyme.
B) Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural.
1) The three basic types of fibers in connective tissue are
A) Loose, dense, and irregular.
B) Collagen, reticular, and elastic.
C) Cartilage, bone, and collagen.
D) Tendons, ligaments, and elastic ligaments.
E) Polar, cellular, and permeable.
B) Collagen, reticular, and elastic.
71) Intercalated discs and pacemaker cells are characteristic of
A) Smooth muscle tissue.
B) Skeletal muscle tissue.
C) Cardiac muscle tissue.
D) A, B, and C
E) none of the above
C) Cardiac muscle tissue.
1) Which type of tissue provides structural support for other tissues?
A) muscle tissue
B) endothelial tissue
C) connective tissue
D) neural tissue
E) epithelial tissue
C) connective tissue
1) Close examination of an organ reveals a lining of several layers of cells. The layers do not contain any blood vessels and one surface of the cells is open to the internal cavity of the organ. This tissue is probably
A) Connective tissue.
B) Muscle tissue.
C) Neural tissue.
D) Fat tissue.
E) Epithelium.
E) Epithelium.
74) Examination of a tissue sample reveals groups of cells united by junctional complexes and interlocking membranes. The cells have one free surface and lack blood vessels. The tissue is most likely ________ tissue.
A) muscle
B) adipose
C) epithelial
D) connective
E) neural
C) epithelial
75) Microscopic examination of a tissue reveals an open framework of fibers with a large volume of fluid ground substance and elastic fibers. This tissue would most likely have come from the
A) Lungs.
B) Bony socket of the eye.
C) Tissue that separates skin from underlying muscle.
D) Inner wall of a blood vessel.
E) Spleen.
C) Tissue that separates skin from underlying muscle.
76) All four types of body tissue are found in skeletal muscle.
A) True
B) False
A) True
77) The body's most delicate type of epithelium is the stratified squamous epithelium.
A) True
B) False
B) False
78) What type of epithelium would you expect to find lining the alveoli (air sacs) in the lungs?
A) Simple squamous epithelium
B) Cuboidal
C) Columnar
D) A and B
E) B and C
A) Simple squamous epithelium
79) Analysis of a glandular secretion indicates that it contains some DNA, RNA, and membrane components such as phospholipids. What kind of secretion is this and why?
A) A holocrine type of secretion.
B) Apocrine type of secretion
C) Eccrine type of secretion
A) A holocrine type of secretion.
1) Cartilage heals poorly and in many instances does not heal or recover at all after a severe injury. Why not?
A) Cartilage is avascular
B) Because chondrocytes produce a chemical that discourages the formation of blood vessels.
C) In adults, interstitial and appositional growth does not occur, so there is no division of chondrocytes or differentiation of the inner cells of the perichondrium into chondrocytes.
D) All of the above
E) None of the above
D) All of the above
81) Cardiac muscle tissue that has been damaged by injury or disease incapable of regeneration. Cardiac muscle fibers are incapable of dividing because they do not contain satellite cells.
A) True
B) False
A) True
82) A biology student accidentally loses the labels of two prepared slides she is studying. One is a slide of an intestine, the other of an esophagus. You volunteer to help her sort them out. How would you decide which slide is which?
A) Because animal intestine is modified for absorption, you would look for a slide that shows a single layer of epithelium lining the cavity.
B) The cells would be cuboidal or columnar and would probably have microvilli on the surface to increase surface area.
C) Because the esophagus receives undigested food, it would have a stratified epithelium consisting of squamous cells to protect it.
D) All of the above
E) None of the above
D) All of the above
83) During the inflammatory process, blood vessels dilate and increase blood flow for delivery of nutrients and oxygen and the removal of waste products and debris from the site of injury.
A) True
B) False
A) True
84) Harriet had liposuction several years ago, but has since gained back all the weight lost through the procedure. She does not understand her weight gain because adipocytes are incapable of dividing. Here doctor explained to here that while it is true that adipocytes do not divide and the number of fat cells in peripheral tissues is finite, Mesenchymal cells will divide and give rise to cells that differentiate into fat cells. Thus, areolar tissue can become adipose tissue in times of nutritional excess.
A) True
B) False
A) True
85) Which is likely to heal faster, a bone injury or a cartilage injury?
A) Bone injuries heal relatively quickly because of the direct blood supply via canaliculi
B) Cartilage injuries heal relatively slowly because nutrients supply via diffusion, a slower process.
C) Both injuries heal at the same rate
D) A and B
E) None of the above
D) A and B
86) Sunburned skin peels rather than being shed as a powder because the abundant desmosomes between cells in the superficial layers of the skin hold the cells together as a sheet instead of loosely organized cells.
A) True
B) False
A) True
87) Epithelial tissue that consists of cells that vary in appearance is
A) pseudostratified columnar epithelium
B) simple columnar epithelium
C) simple cuboidal epithelium
D) stratified squamous epithelium
E) transitional epithelium
E) transitional epithelium
88) Tendons are;
A) dense connective tissue
B) loose connective tissue
C) adipose tissue
D) areolar tissue
E) osseous tissue
A) dense connective tissue
89) Identify the tissue that forms the subcutaneous connective tissue beneath the skin:
A) osseous tissue
B) adipose tissue
C) tendons
D) vascular tissue
E) hyaline cartilage
B) adipose tissue
90) Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as:
A) Exocrine
B) Endocrine
C) Sebaceous
D) Ceruminous
E) Sudoriferous
B) Endocrine
91) Goblet cells are found in;
A) simple squamous epithelium
B) simple columnar epithelium
C) simple cuboidal epithelium
D) stratified squamous epithelium
E) transitional epithelium
B) simple columnar epithelium
92) The basement membrane is found between:
A) muscle and nervous tissue
B) muscle and connective tissue
C) nervous and connective tissue
D) epithelial and connective tissue
E) epithelial and nervous tissue
D) epithelial and connective tissue
93) Which of the following is NOT connective tissue:
A) Bone
B) Cartilage
C) Blood
D) skeletal muscle
E) adipose
D) skeletal muscle
94) The tissue that is found lining body organs, covering the body surface, and in glandular tissue is;
A) epithelial tissue
B) connective tissue
C) nervous tissue
D) muscle tissue
E) brain tissue
A) epithelial tissue
95) Intercalated disks are found in:
A) cardiac muscle tissue only
B) skeletal muscle tissue only
C) smooth muscle tissue only
D) both cardiac and smooth muscle tissue
E) both skeletal and smooth muscle tissue
A) cardiac muscle tissue only
96) The type of muscle tissue that is found in the walls of blood vessels is:
A) cardiac muscle
B) skeletal muscle
C) smooth muscle
D) cardiac and skeletal muscle
E) smooth and skeletal muscle
C) smooth muscle
97) The type of tissue that has a matrix that consists of rows of fibroblasts that manufacture collagen fibers is:
A) dense connective tissue
B) loose connective tissue
C) adipose tissue
D) areolar tissue
E) osseous tissue
A) dense connective tissue
98) After clot formation, the next step in tissue repair involves:
A) replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells
B) proliferation of fibrous connective tissue
C) capillaries become very permeable
D) formation of granulation tissue
E) contraction of the fibrosed area
C) capillaries become very permeable
1) The matrix of hyaline cartilage consists of abundant collagen fibers hidden in a rubbery matrix.
A) True
B) False
A) True
100) Smooth muscle cells are uninucleated spindle-shaped cells that lack striations.
A) True
B) False
A) True