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84 Cards in this Set

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Blaise Pascal
17th

Italian Janist
Moses Amyrault
17th

French Calvinist
Samuel Rutherford
17th

Scot

Lex Rex
William Laud
17th

Anglican

Persecution of Puritans, imposed liturgy in Scotland
William Ames
16-17th

English Puritan

Morrow of Theology
Francis Gomar
17th

Opposed Arminius

Calvinist
Francis Turretin
17th

Italian Scholastic
Andrew Melville
16th-17th
John Knox
16th

Scot

Book of Confessions
Robert Bellarmine
16-17th

Italian

Jesuit

Argued against protestants
Lilo & Fausto Sozzini
16th

Italian

Socinianism

Questioned divinity of Christ/Rationality
Theodore Beza
16th

French

Calvinist

Successor to Calvin/Huguenot movement
Loyola Ignatius
16th

Spanish

Catholic

Founded Jesuits, Wrote Spiritual Exercises
John Calvin
16th

French

Reformer
Ulrich Zwingli
16th

Swiss

Reformer in Zurich/67 Articles
Menno Simons
16th

Dutch

Anabaptist

"Founded" mennonites. Pacifism, etc.
William Tyndale
16th

English

Early Reformer/Translated bible in English/Killed by Thomas More
Erasmus
15-16th

Dutch

Catholic humanist

"The Praise of Folly" (excesses of monks)/"On Free Will"
Martin Chemnitz
16th

German

Lutheran

Author of Formula of Concord/scholasticism
Philip Melanchthon
16th

German

Lutheran

Successor of Luther/Marburg Colloquy/author of Augsburg Confession
John Tetzel
15-16th

German

Catholic (Dominican)

Seen as proponent of clergy abuses
Thomas Muntzer
16th

German

Anabaptist

Peasant's War
Martin Luther
16th

German

Lutheran

95 Theses/Bondage of the Will
Thomas Cartwright
16th

English

Puritan

Opposed Elizabeth I
Charles Fuller
20th

American

Baptist

Founded Fuller Sem
Bishop Usher
17th

Irish

Anglican

Genealogies
Shaeffer
20th

American

Presbyterian

L'Abri
Lewis Sperry Chafer
20th

American

Congregational

Founded DTS
Albert Schweitzer
20th

German

Lutheran

Quest for the Historal Jesus/Eschatalogical Jesus
C. S. Lewis
20th

English

Anglican

Narnia/Mere Christianity, etc.
Harry Emerson Fosdick
20th

American

Presbyterian

Pushed for Liberalism/opposed fundamentalism
Karl Rahner
20th

German

Catholic

most important RC theologian in 20th cent. "Foundations of the Christian Faith" - involved in Vat II
Reinhold Niebur
20th

American

German Evangelical

"Social Gospel" opposed capitalistic excess, KKK
Rudolph Bultmann
20th

German

Lutheran

demyth NT/Father of Form Criticism/separated history and faith
Karl Barth
20th

German

Swiss Reformed

Opposed Hitler/most important 20th Protestant theologian/Church Dogmatics/Der Römerbrief
Cornelius Van Til
20th

American

Presbyterian

Helped establish WTS/Apologetics/Presuppostionalism
J. Gresham Machen
20th

American

Presbyterian

"Christianity and Liberalism"/Started WTS, OPC
Charles Augustus Briggs
19th/20th

American (UVA grad)

Presbyterian

Hebrew Scholar/BDB/Taught at Union Seminary/Was suspended by Pres Church for Heresy (Liberal views on innerancy) and became Episcopal
BB Warfield
19th/20th

American

Presbyterian

Principal of Princeton Seminary/defended innerrancy/prolific writer/advocated cessationism
William Ellery Channing
19th

American

Unitarian

Defined "Unitarian Christianity" (liberal movement w/in congregationalism)
John Henry Newman
19th

English

Anglican convert to RC

Part of "Oxford Movement" (high church movement w/in Anglicanism)/worked to united COE with RC/Became RC Cardinal
Charles Haddon Spurgeon
19th

English

(Reformed) Baptist

Metropolitan Tab Preacher in London/Taught Calvinism/"Prince of Preachers"
Abraham Kuyper
19th/20th

Dutch

Calvinist/Dutch Reformed

Developed "Neo-Calvinism"/Christ as Lord of Culture/Prime Minister
Albrecht Ritschl
19th

German

German Evangelical

Denies justice and wrath, subst atonement/deconstructed authorship of synoptics
Friedrich Schleiermacher
18th/19th

German

Reformed

Rejected historic Christianity, father of modern liberalism (opposed later by Barth).
Charles Hodge
19th

American

Presbyterian

Principal of Princeton (before Warfield)/Defended Calvinism, Inerrancy/Wrote Systematic Theology
James Thornwell
19th

American

Presbyterian (Southern)

Purges S. Carolina College of liberalism/Promoted
"spirituality of church" (i.e. opposed Christian abolitionists)/Founder of Southern Presby Church/Debated Hodge
Robert Dabney
19th

American

Presbyterian

Defended Calvinism/Fought w/Jackson/Taught at Union
Thomas Chalmers
19th

Scot

Presbyterian

1st moderator of Free Church of Scotland/deep concern for social issues/
William Carey
18th/19th

English

Anglican, then Baptist

Baptist Missionary Society/Missionary in India/24 bible translations
Archibald Alexander
18th/19th

American

Presbyterian

1st Prof at Princeton/served as Principal of Princeton
William Tennent Sr.
18th

Scot

Presbyterian

Formed the Log College in America (forerunner to Princeton)
Matthew Tindal
17th/18th

English

Deist

Famous deist, following Locke
John Wesley
18th

English

Anglican, then Methodist

Founded Methodism/one of the first field preachers/Arminian/Holy Club at Oxford/Friend with Whitfield
George Whitefield
18th

English

Calvinist

contemporary of Wesley/Greatest Preacher?/First great awakening/
Jonathan Edwards
18th

American

Congregationalist (Calvinist)

Key role in great awakening/mission to the indians/President of Princeton briefly/Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Roger Williams
17th

American

Baptist

Helped found Rhode Island/tolerance for religious diversity
Oliver Cromwell
17th

English

Puritan

Military leader of anti-Royalist forces/Lord Protector of England
John Bunyan
17th

English

Puritan

Pilgrim's Progress/Grace Abounding.../Imprisioned for preaching
John Huss
15th

Bohemia (Czech)

Reformer of Catholic Church
John Wycliffe
14th/15th

English

Pre-reformer

denied Transubstantiation/wanted bible in vulgar tongue.
Thomas Bradwardine
14th

English

Anglican

Archbishop of Cantebury/emphasis on Salvation by Grace/Cause of God against the Pelagians
Thomas Aquinas
13th

Italian

Catholic

Summa/reintroduces Aristotle to church/arguments for God
Peter Lombard
12th

Italian

Catholic

Important forerunner of scholasticism/"Book of Sentences"
Peter Abelard
11th/12th

French

Catholic

Castrated/Scholastic/"Yes and No"/Moral influence theory
Anselm
11th

Italian

Catholic

Ontological argument for god/Cur Deus Homo/satisfactionary theory of atonement
Columba
6th

Irish

Catholic

Missionary to Scotland/Monastery at Iona
Benedict
5th/6th

Italian

Catholic

Benedict's "Rule"/Monastic order/order and discipline
Athanasius
4th

Alexanderian

Greek Father

On the Incarnation/Black Dwarf/Opposed Arian/39th Festal Leter (set canon)
Jerome
4th/5th

Croatian

Latin Father

Vulgate/monastary in Israel
Ambrose
4th

Bishop of Milan (Frank)

Latin Father

Opposed Arian/Helped convert Augustine/liturgist
Augustine
4th/5th

Hippo (Africa)

Latin Father

Greatest theologian/converted to Xianity/City of God, Confessions
Pelagius
4th/5th

English

Latin Father

Emphasis on human freedom/debated with Augustine/"Defense of the Freedom of the Will"
Chrysostom
4th

Antioch (Turkey)

Greek Father

"Golden-tongue"/exegete of literal school/"On the Priesthood"
Eusebius
3rd/4th

Caesarea

Greek Father

"Church History"/compromise with Arianism/politician
Origen
3rd

Egyptian

Greek Father

Hexapla/Platonic/Commentaries
Cyprian
3rd

Africa (Carthage)

Latin Father

Beheaded by Valerian/influenced by Tertullian
Tertullian
2nd/3rd

Roman born in Africa (Carthage)

Latin Father

1st Western father of Church/coined "Trinity", early orthodox views of trinity and incarnation/Became Montanist
Polycarp
1st/2nd

Smyrna (Turkey)

Apostolic Father

"He has been faithful to me..."/Knew John/
Justin Martyr
2nd

Palestine

Apologist

School of theology in Rome/Dialogue with Jews
Irenaeus
2nd

Smyrna/Gaul

Father of Catholic Theology

Opposed Gnosticism/taught apostolic succession/"Against Heresies"
Samuel Miller
19th

American

Presby

Book on office of ruling elder/founder of Princeton Sem
William Tenent/John Witherspoon
18th

American

Presby

involved w/log college and Princeton
Cotton Mather
17th-18th

American

Puritan

Involved in Salem Witch Trials/minister, prolific writer/Magnalia Christi Americana