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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is OPQRST, and what is it used for?
Used to assess pain:
Onset
Provokes
Quality
Region
Severity
Timing
How do you evaluate a patient's level of consciousness?
Time
Situation
Place
Self
What is a pulse rate of over 100 BPM called?
Tachycardia
A breathing condition where the patient has to sit up to breathe
Orthopnea
Cyclic breathing with periods of apnea
Cheyne-Stokes
Rapid, deep breathing with apnea
Biot's
Rapid, deep breathing without apnea (seen in diabetics)
Kussmaul
When the heart rests between contractions
Diastolic
The normal systolic BP for the average male
100+age
The heart contraction (only one felt by papation)
Systolic
What is HIPPA?
Made it illegal to share patient information without his/her consent
The definition of professional negligence
Malpractice
Failure to act in a reasonable manner
Negligence
The best legal defense for an Allied Health professional
Skillfully rendering the required care
What does JCAHO stand for, and what does it do?
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Organizations. Accredits hospitals
Highest level of Maslow's Hierachary of Needs?
Self-actualization
What is the importance of both verbal and non-verbal communication?
Tone of voice, facial expression, position to patient
Tell about the power of touch.
Emotional support, emphasis, and help patient.
Key elements for effective communication.
Introduce yourself, listen, be aware of non-verbal communication.
Techniques for lifting patients
2 people: lift sheets/slide boards
What are the best body mechanics for lifting a load?
A wide base of support for balance, move close.
Proper technique for moving a patient to a wheelchair or gurney.
Wheels locked, watch corners, go backwards on downgrades and into elevators.
What are geriatric patients most concerned about when moving them?
Falling
When obtaining a history & physical, who is qualified to give the chief complaint?
The patient
Observation
Palpation
Auscultation
Looking
Feeling
Listening
What are these instruments used for?
Percussion hammer
Ophthalmoscope
Otoscope
Nasal speculum
Reflexes
Eyes
Ears
Nose
Sitting up in bed, knees bent
Fowler's
On back, body at downward angle, used for patients in shock
Trendelenberg
On back, knees up (stirrups)
Lithotomy
Patient on knees, head down, butt up.
Knee-Chest
Lying on back, knees bent
Dorsal Recumbent
Used for enemas
Sims
What is the normal respiratory rate range for a child?
15-30 breaths per minute
What is the normal heart rate for the average adult?
60-80 beats per minute
When would you measure blood pressure by palpation vs. ausculation?
When it's too loud to hear.
What is Medicare Part A?
Hospitalization, financed by Social Security & patient dudctibles.
What is Medicare Part B?
Everything else that Part A doesn't cover.
What is MSI?
Medical Services for Indigents, for Orange County residents, for 6 mo. at a time.
What is Medical?
Medicaid in California
What is Medicaid?
For low-income or indigent patients.
What is DNR?
Advanced Directives:
Do
Not
Resusitate
How is the Allied Heath professional's Standard of Care judged?
By the actions of others similarly trained in your field.
If the patient refuses treatment what can you have implemented?
The 5150--a 72 hr. hold, placed on the patient because of their mental status, only removed by a dr.
What is the Allied Health professional required to report, by law?
Abuse
Communicable diseases