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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ventilation
breathing air in and out of the lungs
Oxygenation
getting oxygen into the blood
Circulation
moving the blood through the body
Perfusion
getting blood and oxygen into the tissue
Obtunded
drowsy state
What is peripheal edema
Presence of excessive fluid in the tissue
What causes clubbing of fingers?
chronic hypoxemia
The condition of having a hunchback or convex spinal curve is known as?
kyphosis
lateral curvature of the spine?
Scoliosis
A combination of scoliosis and kyphosis is termed?
kyphoscoliosis
Opposite of acute?
chronic
Barrel Chest is a result of
air trapping in the lungs for a long period of time
Symmetrical chest movement is where both sides of the chest move at different times
false
Unequal chest movement
asymmetrical
Eupnea
normal respiratory rate, depth, and rhythym
Tachypnea
abnormal increased respiratory rate
-pnea
breathing
pod
foot
hyperpnea
increased respiratory rate or breathing that is deeper than that usually experienced during normal activity.
abnormal rapid heart rate usually over 100 beats per minute in adults
Tachycardia
-ology
study of
-ologist
a specialist in the study of
oma
tumor, swelling, mass of new tissue growth
-ostomy
create an opening
Cheyne-Stokes
gradually increasing then decreasing rate and depth with periods of apnea lasting up to 60 sec.
Biots
increased respiratory rate, increased depth, irregular rhythm, breathing sounds labored
accessory muscles
used to increase ventilation
Hypertrophy
over development
Hypertrophy of accessory muscles occurs with what disease
COPD
Atrophy
absence of muscle tone
Intercoastal and/or sternal retractions
a
Normal pulse rate
60-100
Tachycardia may indicate
hypoxemia,anxiety, stress
Bradycardia less than 60 indicates
heart failure, shock,code emergency
shock
defined as
Causes of tracheal deviation
pulmonary fibrosis,atelectasis, pneumonectomy, and diaphragmatic paralysis
Tracheal deviation when pushed away from pathology can be caused by
pleural effusion, tension pneumothorax
Tactile fremitus
vibrations that are felt by the hand on the chest wall
Resonance
normal air filled lung
Hyperresonance sound
sound heard in areas of the lungs where pneumothorax or emphysema are present
Bilateral vesicular sounds
normal sounds in both lungs