• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/25

Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following terms in the disease course represents the initial appearance of symptoms in the host?

a. Incubation period
b. prodromal stage
c. subclinical stage
d. acute stage
b. prodromal stage
In Von Gierke disease, large amounts of glycogen accumulate in the liver and kidneys because a defiency in which of the following enzymes?

a. phosphofructokinase 1 (PFK-1)
b. phosphofructokinase 2 (PFK-2)
c. hexokinase
d. glucose-1-phosphatase
e. glucose-6-phosphatase
e. glucose-6-phosphatase
Smokers experience hyperplasia, as their endothelial cells change from one adult cell type to another.

a. True
b. False
b. False
Undifferentiated cells that bear little resemblance to cells in tissue or origin and gain access to blood and lymph channels to metastasize to other areas of the body is an example of a:

a. Benign neoplasm
b. Malignant neoplasm
c. Both
d. Neither
b. Malignant neoplasm
Cancer cells may divide an infinite number of times, hence achieving immortality due to high levels of telomerase.

a. True
b. False
b. False
The term thrombocytosis is used to describe elevations in the platelet count above which of the following?

a. 1,000/microliter
b. 1,000,000/milliliter
c. 1,000,000/microliter
d. 10,000,000/microliter
c. 1,000,000/microliter
Increased concentrations of 2-3 diphosphoglycerate (2-3 DPG) in the blood occur under conditions of chronic hypoxia. Consequently the 2-3 DPG binds to hemoglobin and reduces its affinity for oxygen. Which of the following disorders/situations would lead to an increased level of 2-3 DPG?

a. Type I Diabetes Mellitus
b. Grave's Disease
c. Chronic Lung Disease
d. Cholecystitis
c. Chronic Lung Disease
The ________ is a test used to diagnose for immune hemolytic anemias by detecting the presence of antibody or complement on the surface of red blood cells.

a. Red blood cell count
b. Hematocrit
c. Coombs test
d. Mean corpuscular
c. Coombs test
Which amino acid change results in Sickle-cell Anemia?

a. glutamine to valine
b. aspartic acid to glycine
c. glycine to valine
d. glutamic acid to aspartic acid
e. glutamic acid to valine
e. glutamic acid to valine
In acquired Hemolytic Anemia, at what temperature are the warm reacting antibodies maximally active?

a. 37 °C
b. 0 °F
c. 0 °C
d. 37 °F
a. 37 °C
Which of the following is a granulocyte?

A. Neutrophil
B. T-lymphocytes
C. Monocytes
D. B-lymphocytes
E. Both A and C are correct
A. Neutrophil
During the acute phase response of the inflammatory response, which of the following is NOT an acute phase protein synthesized by the liver:

a. C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
b. Platelet-Activating Factor
c. Serum Amyloid A Protein (SAA)
d. Fibrinogen
b. Platelet-Activating Factor
During wound healing, which intention involves large amounts of tissue loss?

a. Primary Intention
b. Secondary Intention
c. Third Intention
d. Fourth Intention
b. Secondary Intention
Keloids occur during what phase?

a. inflammatory
b. proliferative
c. remodeling
d. none of the above
c. remodeling
What is the correct sequence of events in the cellular response to acute inflammation?

a. 1) Transmigration across the endothelium, 2) chemotaxis, 3) margination and adhesion to the endothelium, 4) activation of phagocytosis

b. 1) margination and adhesion to the endothelium, 2) transmigration across the endothelium, 3) chemotaxis, 4) activation of phagocytosis

c. 1) activation of phagocytosis 2) chemotaxis 3) transmigration across the endothelium, 4) margination and adhesion to the endothelium

d. 1) chemotaxis, 2) transmigration across the endothelium, 3) activation of phagocytosis, 1)margination and adhesion to the endothelium
b. 1) margination and adhesion to the endothelium, 2) transmigration across the endothelium, 3) chemotaxis, 4) activation of phagocytosis
An adverse effect that could occur in the remodeling process of wound healing that would result in an abnormality in healing by scar tissue is called _________. These are also tumor like masses caused by excessive production of scar tissue.

a. keloid
b. proud flesh
c. anergy
d. fibrogenesis
a. keloid
Of the types of cells that are involved with tissue repair and regeneration,
which cell types are those that continue to divide and replicate throughout life,
replacing cells that are continually being destroyed?

a. stable
b. permanent
c. labile
c. labile
What are the 2 types of chronic diarrhea?

a. inflammatory & non-inflammatory
b. osmotic & secretory
c. runny & explosive
d. hydraulic and absorptive
b. osmotic & secretory
Acute gastritis is commonly associated with a local irritant. Which of the following can cause acute gastritis?

a. Aspirin
b. NSAIDS
c. Alcohol
d. Bacterial toxins
e. All of the above
e. All of the above
Which of these is not a type of acute hepatitis?

a. Autoimmune
b. T-cell mediated
c. Drugs
d. Infective Vector
a. Autoimmune
Renin, which is used in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to modify blood pressure, is produced in which organ?

a. Lungs
b. Liver
c. Kidney
d. Heart
c. Kidney
The equalization of end-diastolic pressure in all four cardiac chambers is the pathophysiologic hallmark of which disease?

a. Acute Pericarditis
b. Constrictive Pericarditis
c. Dilated cardiomyopathy
d. Myocardial Infarction
b. Constrictive Pericarditis
What type of cardiomyopathy represents myocardial changes that occur with a variety of systemic (multiorgan) disorders?

a. Primary
b. Secondary
c. Tertiary
d. Quaternary
b. Secondary
A sequelae of long standing aortic regurgitation?

a. RVH - Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
b. LVH - Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
c. Both
d. Neither
b. LVH - Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Which of the following is NOT related to constrictive pericarditis?

a. Decreased cardiac reserve
b. Increased diastolic filling
c. Decreased Stroke volume
d. Decreased Cardiac Output
e. Increased scar tissue between visceral and parietal surfaces of the heart
b. Increased diastolic filling