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13 Cards in this Set

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What is colic??
Colic is a symptom complex of early infancy characterized by loud, unsoothable, and excessive crying; apparent abdominal pain; and irritability.
What are causes of colic?
The specific causes of infant colic are not known, but the following factors may play a role:

air swallowed during the process of crying, feeding or sucking on hands or fingers
overfeeding with large amounts of formula or breast milk
feeding technique or timing
family tension and parental anxiety
intestinal allergies to cow's milk (either in formula or in a nursing mother's diet)
esophageal reflux
What are the signs and symptoms of colic?
excessive crying
often of sudden onset
frequently beginning about the same time every day
may last minutes up to several hours
apparent abdominal pain, manifested by drawing knees to the abdomen
irritability
What is the treatment of colic?
Keeping the baby in a slight head-up position may work in some cases. avoid overfeeding the infant or feeding too quickly.Apply warmth to the abdomen with a hot water bottle wrapped on a soft cloth (be careful not to burn the infant). Rhythmic movement such as walking or rocking can also help soothe the baby.
Where is mercury found?
Glass thermometers
Some fireworks
Some paints
Some antiseptics
Some fungicides
What are Symptoms of mercury poisonin?
Body as a whole
Thirst
Metallic taste
Decreased urine output (may stop completely)
Salivation
Mouth sores
Shock
Respiratory
Extreme difficulty breathing
Swelling within the throat (may be severe)
Gastrointestinal
Abdominal pain (severe)
Vomiting
Bloody diarrhea
How do you treat mercury poisoning?
Wash exposed skin with soap and water.
The use of gastric lavage
Induction of emesis
Administration of activated charcoal
Administration of a cathartic (a medication used to evacuate the bowels)
Administration of an IV or oral antidote
What can happen with chronic exposure to mercury?
Mercury causes neurologic effects, including irritability, developmental delay, or psychosis.

With some forms or mercury, such as mercuric chloride, deaths have occurred. Any closure of the throat or extreme difficulty breathing is an emergency situation.
Where is iron found?
ferrous sulfate (Feosol, Slow Fe)
ferrous gluconate (Fergon)
ferrous fumarate (Femiron, Feostat)
mineral supplements
vitamin/mineral supplements
What are the symptoms of iron poisoning?
body as a whole
dehydration
low blood sugar
accumulation of fluids in the lungs
fever
skin
bluish colored lips and fingernails
pallor

gastrointestinal
vomiting blood
diarrhea
tarry stools
nausea
scarring of stomach and bowels in serious cases
metallic taste
heart and blood vessels
low blood pressure
fast and weak pulse
flushing

nervous system
drowsiness
lack of desire to do anything
dizziness
headache
chills
shock
coma (may occur within 1/2 to 1 hour after ingestion)
How do you treat Iron poisoning?
Induce emesis.
Draw blood to determine the serum iron levels.
Use gastric lavage.
Give an antidote if needed.
Take an X-ray to make sure all tablets were removed from the stomach.
Treat the symptoms.
What is the cause of lead poisoning?
Relatively high level sources of lead occurred in car exhaust prior to 1980 (the lead from exhaust fumes was ultimately deposited onto the ground) as well as in older paints (modern paint does not contain lead). Other sources exist such as pewter pitchers and dinnerware, birdshot, and fishing weights.

In the past, toothpaste tubes were made of lead and condensed milk cans were soldered with lead. This has been corrected. Lead can also be found in drinking water from homes whose pipes were soldered with lead solder
What are the signs and symptoms of lead poisoning?
Chronic exposure to even low levels of lead is detrimental to mental development in children, and has been correlated with decreased IQ and behavioral problems.

Other symptoms of lead piosoning may include hyperirritability, aggressive behavior, decreased appetite and energy, poor sleeping, headaches, constipation, and loss of recently acquired developmental skills (in young children). Anemia and abdominal cramping are also common.

Very high levels may cause acute encephalopathy with vomiting, staggering gait, muscle weakness, seizures, or coma.