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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
True or False: There has been an incresa in infant swallow disorders as a result of improved survival for infants born prematurely or with life threatening disorders.
What is one of the characteristics of an infant who is born prematurely?
Increased risk of respiratory problems
What anatomical components of the infant swallow lie at a higher level than the adult?
The hyoid, larynx and the epiglottis.
Where can materials spill over into during an abnormal swallow of the infant?
The pyriform sinuses
True or False: Infants with normal swallows exhibit penetration of material into the supraglottic area?
False, they never exhibit this
True or False: A strong relationship has been established between laryngeal penetration/aspiration and pneumonia?
Name a symtom associated with dysphagia in an infant?
Laryngeal penetration
Name another symton that is associated with dysphagia in an infant?
Name another symptom that is associated with dysphagia in an infant?
Nasal Backflow
The decline in swallowing function may be defined by what?
The effects of fatigue or sensory adaptation
What is a problem that is seen in infants but is more present in adults with swallowing disorders?
Pharyngeal residue
The majority of infants with dysphagia had at least one episode of what?
Children who are born prematurely are more likely to experience what?
Nasopharyngeal backflow
Is it true that a patient may not aspirate on the radiographic study yet still display abnormal swallowing function?
Yes this is true
What feeding procedures could a parent perform to reduce the incidence of nasophatyngeal backflow?
Feeding the infant in an upright position
What is a predicter of aspiration and possible respiratory complications?
Not aspirating on the radiographic study but yet still having an abnormal swallow
What do apneic reflexes do in an individual (infant or adult)?
Arrest breathing, heart rate and blood pressure
Nasopharyngeal backflow stimulates what?
The nasopharynx
Stimulating the nasopharynx may do what?
Cause apneic responses seen during feeding in an infant
Feeding an infant in an upright position reduces backflow, why?
Because of gravity
True or false: Infants who demonstarted laryngeal penetration without aspiration can't clear their airway without coughing?
False, they can
In the study from the tutorial, what was the most common cause of laryngeal penetration and aspiration?
Material in the pyriform sinuses before initiation of the swallow.
In the question on the previous flash card, what is the cause of this material in the pyriform sinuses?
Spillover while still sucking or delayed pharyngeal response.
What may be an indication of potential aspiration?
Abnormal swallowing function xharacterized by material in the pyriform sinuses before initiation of the swallow.
True or false: Most infants who who are suspected of dysphagia show overt abnormalities?