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74 Cards in this Set

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TSH
THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE
FUNCTION OF TSH?
MAKES AND RELEASES T3 & T4 WHICH STIMULATE METABOLISM
ACTH
ADRENAL CORTICOTROPIC HORMONE
FUNCTION OF ACTH?
RELEASE OF CORTISOL BY ADRENAL CORTEX
FSH
FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE
FUNCTION OF FSH?
FOLLICLES GROW, SECRETE ESTROGEN IN WOMEN

SPERM PRODUCTION IN MEN
LH
LUTINIZING HORMONE
FUNCTION OF LH?
OVULATION, PROGESTERONE SECRETION IN WOMEN

TESTOSTERONE SECRETION IN MEN
GH
GROWTH HORMONE
FUNCTION OF GH?
GENERAL GROWTH (CELLS DIVIDE, ENLARGE)
PRO
PROLACTIN
FUNCTION OF PRO?
MILK PRODUCTION BY MAMMARY GLAND
MSH
MELANOCYTE STIMULATING HORMONE
FUNCTION OF MSH?
SKIN DARKENS AS RESPONSE TO SUNLIGHT
ADH
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
FUNCTION OF ADH?
WATER RETENTION, VASOCONSTRICTION
OXY
OXYTOCIN
FUNCTION OF OXY?
CONTRACTION REPRODUCTIVE SMOOTH MUSCLE
FUNCTION OF T3 T4?
INCREASES METABOLISM AND BODY HEAT
PTH
PARATHYROID HORMONE
FUNCTION OF PTH?
RELEASES Ca, PO4 FROM BONES (TEETH)
ANF
ATRIAL NATRIURIC FACTOR
FUNCTION OF ANF?
RENAL EXCRETION OF WATER, NaCl
BODY'S NATURAL DIURETIC
(HEART)
FUNCTION OF GASTRIN?
SECRETION OF HCl AND PEPSINS IN THE STOMACH
FUNCTION OF SECRETIN?
SECRETION OF PANCREATIC BUFFERS IN THE DUODENUM
CCK
CHOLECYSTOKINEN
FUNCTION OF CCK?
GALLBLADDER SQUEEZES BILE TO DUODENUM
FUNCTION OF INSULIN?
LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE AFTER MEALS (CONTAINING CARBS)
-MOVES NUTRIENTS INTO CELLS
FUNCTION OF GLUCAGON?
RAISES BLOOD GLUCOSE BETWEEN MEALS
FUNCTION OF EPINEPHRINE?
MIMICS SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IN MEDULLA.--HELPS RAISE BLOOD GLUCOSE BETWEEN MEALS
FUNCTION OF ALDOSTERONE?
RENAL TUBULES SAVE NaCl, WATER--EXCRETE K TO URINE
(CORTEX)
FUNCTION OF CORTISOL?
REDUCES IMMUNE-INFLAMMATORY ACTION--HELPS RAISE BLOOD GLUCOSE BETWEEN MEALS
(CORTEX)
FUNCTION OF ADROGENS?
LIBIDO IN WOMEN
(CORTEX)
EPO
EPOEITIN
FUNCTION OF EPO?
INCREASES RBC PRODUCTION IN MARROW
(KIDNEYS)
FUNCTION OF RENIN/ANGIO?
VASOCONSTRICTION-PREVENTS LOW BP.
FUNCTION OF ESTROGEN?
PUBERTY, THICKEN TRACT LININGS
(OVARIES)
FUNCTION OF PROGESTERONE?
SECRETE OF, UF, "QUIET" UTERUS (MUSCLE RELAX)
(OVARIES)
FUNCTION OF TESTOSTERONE?
PUBERTY, MAINTAIN VIRILITY-HELPS SPERM PRODUCTION
(TESTES)
FUNCTION OF CALCITROL/VITAMIN D?
INCREASED ABSORPTION & DEPOSIT OF DIETARY Ca
(SKIN)
what is a hormone
chemical released into blood that controls things
What are controlled by hormones
target cells
what is feedback
certain things stimulate release and an effect happens
what is the largest group of amino acids
polypeptides
what does the anterior pituitary do?
makes and releases hormones
what does the posterior pituitary do
only releass hormones
what produces prolactin
mammary gland
what do you do if you have a deficit of a hormone
supplement hormone or mimic effect
what do you do if you have an excess of a hormone
remove tumor, block production
Where does TSH come from
throid gland
Where does ACTH come from
adrenal cortex
What two things does FSH do
stim follicle growth, estrogen in women, sperm prod in men
What two things does LH do?
ovulation, and testosterone release
what chemical does milk production
prolactin
what does oxytocin do in the sexual response of the male
helps ejactulation
panhypopituitary
pituitary doesnt develop properly
what happens if you have a GH excess before puberty
giantism
what happens if you have a GH excess after puberty
acromegaly
What hormone controls the hypothalamus
TRH
cold intolerance
hypothyroidism
heat intolerance
hyperthroidism
what is exophthalmos
thicker fat pad behind eye
what is a thyroid storm
heart failure as muscle used for energy
cretinism
Iodine lasck in utero causes retardation
hashimotos disease
aby destroys thyroid
mysedema
gelatinous accumulations in face
what dissolves bone/tooth crystal
PTH
what also increased active Vit. D
PTH
of hyper or hypo calcemia which is more life threatening
hypocalcemia
where is epi controlled
medulla
what does cortisol do
raised blood glucose, reduces immuno-inflammatory
what does aldosterone do
raises salty blood volume, excretes K
what does androgens affect
libido/sex drive in women
What disease results from a cortisol excess?
cushings