Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the smooth inner layer of the heart
endocardium
the thick muscular layer of the heart
myocardium
the thin, serious, outer surface of the heart
pericardium
these 2 chambers recieve deoxygenated blood from the body and sends it to the lungs
right atrium & right ventricle
these 2 chambers recieve oxygenated blood from the lungs and sends it to the body
left atrium & left ventricle
this valve is between the right atrium and right ventricle
tricuspid valve
this valve is between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
pulmonary valve
this valve is between the left atrium and left ventricle
mitral / bicuspid valve
this valve is between the left ventricle and aorta
aortic valve
observe the patient's signs and symptoms
inspection
feel with hands for abnormalities
palpation
listen to the chest with a stethoscope
auscultation
taping body cavities
percussion
140/90
HTN for individuals under 50
150/95
HTN for individuals over 50
a congenital heart defect in which there is an abnormal opening between the septum of the right and left ventricles
ventricular septal defect (VSD)
abnormal opening between the left and right atria
atrial septal defect (ASD)
this congenital heart defect occurs mostly in children
ventricular septal defect
this congenital heart defect occurs mostly in adults
artial septal defect
malformation in the wall of the aorta that causes narrowing of the aortal opening (lumen) at the point of the defect
coarctation of the aorta
results from the failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth. as a result, blood from the aorta flows back into the pulmonary artery
patent ductus arteriosus
combination of 4 congenital heart defects: pulmonary stenosis, VSD, dextroposition of the aorta and right ventricular hypertrophy
tetralogy of fallot (tets)
inflammation of the membrane lining the valves and chambers of the heart. forms abnormal vegetations that can embolize the spleen, kidneys, CNS or lungs
endocarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
pericarditis
acute/recurrent or chronic systemic inflammatory disease. affects joints, heart, CNS, skin, etc. can result in fatal heart failure years later
rheumatic fever / rheumatic heart disease
etiology of rheumatic heart disease
hypersensitivity rxn to hemolytic group A streptococci
blood from the left ventricle flows back into the left atrium
mitral insufficiency
blood flow is obstructed from the left atrium to the left ventricle
mitral stenosis
persistently elevated BP that develops w/o cause
essential HTN
another disease in your body that causes your BP to spike
secondary HTN
arteriostenosis to the extent where there is an inadequate blood supply to portions of the myocardium
coronary artery disease
chest pain resulting from ischemia to a part of the myocardium
angina pectoris
occlusion of 1+ coronary arteries and the subsequent necrosis of a section of heart tissue
myocardial infarction
pumping ability of the heart is progressively impaired to the point that it no longer meets bodily needs
congestive heart failure
symptoms of left ventricular failure (CHF)
cyanosis, orthopnea, dyspnea, fatigue; primarily pulmonary symptoms
symptoms of right ventricular failure (CHF)
hepatomegaly, edema, distended neck veins, systematic symptoms
treatment for CHF
diuretics, digoxin (strengthens the heart muscle), digitalis
sudden unexplained interruption of heart function
cardiac arrest
local dilation of an artery or chamber of the heart due to weakening of its walls.
aneruysm
inflammation of the vein in conjunction w/ the formation of a clot usually in the legs
thrombophlebitis
enlarged, twisted, superficial veins
varicose veins
condition that causes some areas of the body such as the fingers, toes, tips of ears & nose to feel numb & cool in response to cold temp or stress
Raynaud's Disease
combination of inflammation & clots in blood vessels which impairs flow; damages or destroys tissues which leads to infection or gangrene
Buerger's Disease (thromboangiitis obliterans)