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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Adenocarcinoma
a malignant tumor of epithelial cells arranged in glandular pattterns
Adenoma
a benign epithelial tumor in which the cells form glandular structures or are derived from glandular epithelium
Amelanotic
refers to a melanoma that contains little or no pigment
Cachexia
a pathologic state characterized by weight loss and anorexia that accompanies some infections and neoplastic disease
Cancer
a group of neoplastic diseases in which there is transformation of normal cells into malignant cells
Carcinoma
a suffix that denotes a malignant tumor derived from epithelial cells
Hemangio-(prefix)
blood vessel. Hemagiosarcoma--malignant tumor of a blood vessel
Histiocytoma
a neoplasm composed of round histiocytic cells
Leio-(prefix)
smooth. Leiomyoma--a benign tumor of smooth muscle cells
Lip(o)-(prefix)
fat; lipid. Lipoma--a benign tumor of fat cells.
Lymphoma
a neoplastic disorder of lymphocytes
Malignant
having the properties of anaplasia, invasiveness and metastasis; tending to become progressively worse and to result in death.
Metastatic
a tumor that has transferred from one organ (or part) to another not directly connected to it.
My-,Myo-(prefix)
muscle. Leiomyosarcoma--a malignant tumor of smooth muscle cells.
Neoplasm
an abnormal mass of tissue with excessive, uncoordinated growth that persists even after the inciting stimulus is gone
Papilloma
the common wart; a benign tumor derived from epithelium
Polyp
a benign growth (hyperplastic or neoplastic) that protrudes from the surface of a mucous membrane
Polypoid
resembling a polyp
Sarcoma
suffix that denotes a malignant neoplasm that is derived from mesenchymal cells (bone, cartilage, connective tissue, fat)
Teratogen
any substance that can cause non-heritable birth defects in a developing embryo or fetus
Tumor
a swelling; a neoplasm
Verruca
a wart
Xantho-(prefix)
yellow. Xanthoma--a yellow tumor
-uria (suffix)
urine. Proteinuria--protein in the urine
"schisis"
falure to close; palatoschisis
A-, An (prefix)
without. Aplasia--without or lack of formation
Achalasia
failure of a sphincter to relax
Agenesis
absence, failure of formation and primordium is absent
Aplasia
defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue
Arythrogryposis
a congenital angular deformity of joints that is caused by abnormal development of tendons and subsequent contracture
Atresia (adj. atretic)
closed; absence of a normal opening or normally patent lumen
Brachygnathia
protrusion of the upper jaw due to shortening of the lower jaw
cheiloschisis
cleft lip; failure of fusion of the upper lip or philtrum
Congenital
existing at birth; may be due to hereditary factors or some influence occuring during gestation
Dysgenesis
defective embryonic development
Dysplasia
abnormal tissue development; failure of a tissue to form properly; abnormal organization of cells
Dystopia
displacement
Ectopia
tissue forms at the wrong site
Exencephaly
defect in which the brain is abnormally formed and it protrudes through the skull
Freckle
small tan-red or light brown macules that occur on lightly pigmented skin; ephelis
Goiter
an enlarged, hyperplastic thyroid gland
Hamartoma
tumor-like malformation in a tissue
Hereditary
transmitted from parent to offspring
Malocclusion
a failure of the upper and lower incisors to interdigitate properly
Malposition
faulty or abnormal position of a part of the body
Palatoschisis
cleft palate; lateral palatine processes fail to fuse
Polydactyly
having more digits than normal
Prognathia
an abnormal protrusion of the lower jaw
Sclero-(prefix)
hard. Scleroderma--a hardened patch of skin or mucous membrane
Syndactyly
fusion of digits
Urolith
a stone the forms in the urinary tract