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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-itis (suffix)
inflammation. Appendicitis--inflammation of the appendix.
Abscess
a localized collection of pus caused by infection in a tissue, organ or confined space
Amyloid
a pathologic proteinaceous substance deposited between cells in tissues
Amyloidosis
disease process resulting from the deposition of amyloid in tissues. It results from abnormal folding of proteins which are deposited as fibrils in extracellular tissues and disrupts normal functions.
Angio (suffix)
vessel. Lymphangitis--inflammation of a lymph vessel
Arteritis
inflammation of an artery
Blister
a fluid-filled raised lesion; also called a vessicle or a bulla
Cellulitis
a diffuse inflammatory process within solid tissues characterized by edema, redness, pain and interference with function. Cellulitis often occurs in the loose tissues beneath the skin.
Derma-, dermat(o)-
skin. Dermatitis--inflammation of the skin
Diptheritic membrane
a thin coating on the surface of an epithelial lined organ that is composed on necrotic cellular debris, inflammatory cells and fibrin
ectasis (suffix)
to stretch; dilate. Bronchiectasis--dilatation of bronchi. The noun form is ectasia.
Empyema
pus in a body cavity
Exudate
an inflammatory extravascular fluid that has a high protein concentration, cellular debris and a specific gravity > 1.020
Fibrin
a filamentous protein formed from the precursor fibrinogen by the enzyme thrombin
Fibrinoid
having an appearance similar to fibrin
Fibrosis
abnormal deposition of connective tissue; usually occurs in response to defective attempts to repair an injured area of tissue
Gastroenteritis
inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestine
Granuloma
a focus of chronic inflammation consisting of aggregations of macrophages bordered by mononuclear leukocytes surrounded by a rim of fibroblasts or connective tissue
Granulomatous
composed of granulomas
Hypotonia
abnormally decreased tonicity, tension or strength
Inflammation
vascular and interstitial tissue changes that develop in response to tissue injury in an attempt to sequester, dilute & destroy the inciting agent
Intussusception
the telescoping of one segment of bowel into an outer sheath formed by another adjacent segment of bowel;
Leukoencephalitis
inflammation of the white matter of the brain
Lymphadenitis
inflammation of a lymph node
Lymphangectasia
dilation of the lymphatic vessels
Macule
a circumscribed lesion up to 5mm diameter characterized by flatness & distinguished from surrounding tissue by its color
Meninges
the three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord--dura mater, arachnoid and pia mater.
Meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
Meningo-(prefix)
membrane; meninges. Meningoencephalitis--inflammation of the brain and meninges.
Myelin
the lipid substance forming a sheath around the axons of certain nerve fibers.
Osteo-(prefix)
bone. Osteomyelitis--inflammation of bone.
Osteoid
resembling bone.
Panniculitis
an inflammatory condition involving subcutaneous fat
Papule
a small, circumscribed, solid, elevated lesion of the skin
Plaque
an elevated, flat-topped lesion, usually greater than 5 mm across, may be caused by coalescent papules
Pleuropneumonia
inflammation of the lungs and pleura
Pneumonia
inflammation of the lung
Pus
an inflammatory exudate rich in leukocytes and dead cell debris
Pustule
a discreet, raised, pus-filled lesion
Pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis often caused by an ascending bacterial infection
Pyo-(prefix)
pus. Pyometra--an accumulation of pus within the uterus
Pyothorax
accumulation of pus or purulent exudate in the thoracic cavity
Rodent ulcer
oral eosinophilic granuloma
Scale
dry, horny, platelike shedding of skin; flaky
Stomatitis
inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth
Suppurative
containing pus; suppuration = the process of pus formation
Torsion
a rotation of a tubular organ along its long axis; a twist about the long axis of a viscus (spleen, lung lobe, liver lobe, umbilical cord, gut)
Tympany
overdistention of an organ or structure with gas
Ulcer
an epithelial or a mucosal defect in which the entire epithelial thickness, down to or through the basement membrane, has been lost
Ulcerated
having a local defect or excavation of the epithelium of an organ or tissue through the basement membrane
Volvulus
a twist across the long axis of the gut