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163 Cards in this Set

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Several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tiissues with the production and discharge of pus and death of tissue
Carbuncle
Inflammation characterized by exudate rich in fibrin
Fibrinous
Inflammation characterized by active inflammation, tissue destruction, and the presence of an inflammatory exudate containing lymphocytes and macrophages
Chronic
An increase in the diameter of a vessel
Vasodilation
An abscess due to pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle
Foruncle
An inflamed area of pus that is walled off by a membrane
Abscess
Inflammation characterized by loss of epithelium resulting in ulcerous lesion
Ulcerative
An open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflammed necrotic tissue
Ulcer
Heat
Calor
A specialized form of chronic inflammation characterized by the formation of granulomas
Granulomatous
Any fluid released from the body with a high concentration of protein, cells, or solid debris
Exudate
A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked by localized heat, swelling, redness, pain, and sometimes loss of function
Inflammation
Swelling
Tumor
Scar
Cicatrix
Inflammation characterized by ulceration and pseudomembrane over the ulcer
Pseudomembranous
The termination of the inflammatory response with the affected part returning to its normal state
Resolution
Kill bacteria and are involved in allergic reactions and parasitic infections
Eosinophils
A small elevation of the skin that contains pus
Pustule
Forming or containing pus
Pyogenic
Phagocytic cells that enter site of injury within 3 to 4 days
Macrophages
The movement of additional white blood cells to an area of inflammation in response to release of chemical mediators by neutrophiles, monocytes, and injured tissue
Chemotaxis
Inflammation characterized by exudation of clear fluid with few cells
Serous
A decrease in the diameter of a vessel
Vasoconstriction
Protein-rich fluid containing white blood cells, especially neutrophiles, and cell debris produced during inflammation
Pus
The replacement of damaged tissue with a scar tissue
Cicatrix
Escape of blood from the blood vascular system
Hemorrhage
Redness
Rubor
Blister-like elevation of skin containing serous fluid
Vesicle
Blood cells that release histamine, causing vasodilation
Basophils
White blood cells that have surface proteins specific for antigens
Lymphocytes
A process in which phagocytes (i.e., neutrophiles, monocytes, and macrophages) engulf and destroy microorganisms, other foreign antigens, and cell debris)
Phagocutosis
First cells to enter site of injury
Neutrophils
Pain
Dolor
Frequent urination
Polyuria
Antemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discolorations visible as small red or purplish hemorrhages of the skin or mucous membranes
Petechiae
Blood in the feces
Melena
Excess of blood in an area of the body
Hyperemia
Loss of moisture from body tissue that may occur antemortem or postmortem
Dehydration
Blood in the urine
Hematuria
Reduction in arterial bloody supply
Ischemia
Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac
Hydropericardium
A mass of undissolved matter present in a blood or lymphatic vessel and brought there by the blood or lymph; may be solid, liquid, or gaseous. Occlusions of the vessels from these usually result in the developement of infarcts.
Embolus
The formation or presence of an attached blood clot
Thrombosis
Accumulation of free serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
Ascites
Generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue
Anasarca
Bleeding from the nose
Epistaxis
Sudden Obstruction of a blood vessel by debris (Blood clots, cholesterol-containing plaques, masses of bacteria, cancer cells, amniotic fluid, fat from the marrow of broken bones, and injected substances such as air bubbles or particulate matter all my lodge in blood vessels and obstruct circulation.)
Pulmonary Edema
An abnormal excess accumulation of serous fluid in connective tissue in connective tissue that produces an indentation when pressed by the finger.
Pitting Edema
Loss of blood to the point where lfe can no longer be sustained
Exsanguination
A swelling composed of a mass of extravascular blood confined to an organ, tissue, or space and caused by a break in a blood vessel
Hematoma
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities
Edema
Vomiting of blood
Hematemesis
A chemical reaction of a compound with water, usually resulting in the formation of one or more new compounds
Hydrolysis
A blood clot that obstructs a blood vessel or a cavity of the heart
Thrombus
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity
Hydrothorax
Accumulation of an excess of blood or tissue fluid in a body part
Hyperemia
Blood in the sputum
Hemoptysis
Small, nonelevated hemorrhagic path; extravasation of blood into a tissue
Wcchymosis
A fluid-filled sac that develops in the ovary and consists of one or more chambers
Ovarian Cysts
A fatty, cancerous tumor that grows in deep connective tissue spaces - primarily in the popliteal space, in the medial thigh, in the retroperitonium, and in the shoulder area
Liposarcoma
Slow growing, benign neoplasm of epithelial origin that are commonly found on the pituitary gland or the adrenal gland
Adenomas
A malignant neoplasm of smooth muscle
Leiomyosarcoma
A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid
Cyst
A closed sac found just under the skin containing a cheese-like material formed from skin secretions
Sebacious cyst
Loss of hair
Alopecia
Tissue found primarily within mucous membranes, serous membranes, and the epidermis of the skin
Epithelial tissue
The study of tumors
Oncology
Growths found on the external sex organs
Genital warts
A growth or mass of tissue that protrudes from a mucous membrane
Polyps
The state of being extremely lean
Emaciation
Growing worse; resisting treatment, said of cancerous growths. Tending or threatening to produce death; harmful
Malignant
Benign tumor originating in or consisting of bone tissue
Osteoma
Skin cancer that arises from the epidermis and resembles the squamous cells in the outer layers of the skin
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Uncommon, malignant neoplasms that grow rapidly, arising from cells derived from vessels
Angiosarcoma
Rare, benign tumors that tend to arise at the base of the skull near the pituitary gland
Chondromas
The spread of cancer from its primary site to a distant location in the body
Metastasis
Benign tumors of the lymph vessels
empty
An aggressive, rapid growing bone cancer that often spreads to the lungs in its early stages
empty
A malignant epithelial tumor with tubular, acinar, or papillary growth patterns, and/or mucus production by the tumor cells and are the most common type of lung cancer
Adenocarcinomas
A benign tumor that consists of vessels
Angiomas
A malignant tumor that results from a mutation during lymphocyte production
Lymphomas
Malignant tumors of blood vessels
Hemangiosarcoma
Specialized type of epithelial tissue that lines the blood vessels in the body
Endothelium
Benign tumors that are the most common primary cardiac tumors in the fetus, neonate, and young child
Rhabdomyomas
The abnormal, excessive, and uncontrolled multiplication of cells with the formation of a mass or new growths of tissue
Neoplasm
Malignant tumors of lymph vessels
Lymphangiosarcoma
Benign tumors that arise from smooth muscle
Leiomyoma
Wart-like tumors
Papillomas
The most common cancer of the urinary system
Transitional cell carcinoma
A type of bone cancer that primarily affects the cartilage cells of the femur, arn, pelvis, knee, and spine
Chondrasarcoma
Benign tumor of blood vessels
Hemangioma
A form of brain cancer
Glioma
Occurs more frequently on the face, ears, neck, scalp, shoulders, and back, and arises from the basal cells in the epithelial tissues of the skin
Basal cell carcinoma
Not recurrent or progressive; nonmalignant
Benign
Benign tumors composed of fat cells, and they may occur in any fat tissues
Lipomas
Benign tumors found on the lining of the intestinal track, trachea, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, or colon
Polyps
A category of benign tumor composed of fibrous tissue
Fibromas
Large, destructive, infiltrating malignant tumors consisting of fibrous tissue
Fribrosarcoma
A rare, fast - growing, malignant tumor that accounts for over half of the soft tissue sarcomas in the children
Rhabdomyosarcoma
A benign tumor of nervous tissue
Neuroma
A state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting that may occur in many chronic disease, malignancies and infections.
Cachexia
Form of skin cancer that begins in the melanocytes
Melanomas
An abnormally high red blood cell count
Erythrocytosis
Christmas disease
Hemophilia B
An increase in total red blood cell mass
Polycythemia vera
Anemia caused by a failure of the body to produce enough intrinsic factor to absorb vitamin B12
Pernicious anemia
Dizziness
Vertigo
A bruise
Ecchymosis
A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both
Anemia
Thrombocytes
Platelets
Increase in the number of white blood cell in the blood; can be caused by infection, inflammation, trauma, or medications (e.g., corticosteroids)
Leukocytosis
Ringing in the ears
Tinnitis
An abnormal decrease in the number of platelets, which inhibits blood clotting
Thrombocytopenia
Anemia in which there is a decrease in the production of red blood cells
Primary anemia
A group of hereditary bleeding disorders marked by a deficiency of blood clotting proteins
Hemophilia
Abnormal reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood
Leukopenia
Disease characterized by the appeareance of a great number of inmature and abnormal white blood cells
Leukemia
Anemia results from the premature hemolysis of red blood cells
Hemolytic anemia
Hemolytic disease of the newborn
Errythroblastosis fetalis
Anemia in which there is an increased loss or destruction of red blood cells
Hemolytic anemia
Anemia caused by improper growth or impaired function of bone marrow
Aplastic anemia
Condition in which spontaneous bleeding occurs in the subcutaneous tissues, causing the appearance of purple patches on the skin
Purpura
A hereditary, chronic anemia characterized by the presence of a large number of crescent-shaped red blood cells
Sickle cell anemia
Which of the following exudates contains pus? a. hemorragic exudate. b. purulent exudate. c. serous exudate. d. inflammatory exudate?
purulent exudate
Which of the following is true of an abscess? i. It is a localized area of infection.ii.It contains pus. iii. It is the cause of scar tissue formation. iv. It protects surrounding tissue from further damage by walling off the infection. a. i, ii, and iii. b. i, ii, iv. c. i. iii. iv. d. ii. iii. iv?
b i, ii, and iv
Which of the following statements describes the purpose of vasoconstriction of the venules surrounding a puncture wound? a. Vasoconstriction of the venules stops swelling. b. Vasoconstriction of the venules attracts chemical defenses of the body to the injure site. c. Vasoconstriction of the venules prevents the initial spread of the infection d. Vasoconstriction of the venules stops excessive bleeding
c Vasoconstriction of the venules prevents the initial spread of the infection
Which of the following is a specific pathological structural or functional change brought about by a disease ? a. inflammatory exudates. b. chronic inflammation c. function laesa. d. lesion
c. function laesa
Which of the following are short - lived cells that are the first to enter an injury site? a. neutrophils. b. eosinophils c. basophils. d. lymphocytes
a. neutrophils
Dolor
Pain
Rubor
Redness
Abscess
A localized accumulation of pus
Vesicle
Blister like elevation of skin containing serous fluid
Ulcer
An opening sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamad necrotic tissue
Anasarca
Generalized edema
Ascites
Edema in the abdomen
Hematuria
Blood in the urine
Melena
Digested blood in the feces
Hemoptysis
Blood in the sputum
Which of the following results from the slowing of blood flow? a. the blood transports large preteins into the interstitial fluids b. the blood becomes less viscous c. the blood warms d. the blood clots
d. the blood clots
Which of the following is a hemorrhage characterized by pinpoint bleeding? a. petechia b. ecchymosis c. hemoptysis d. epistaxis
a. petechia
Which of the following is edema of the scrotum? a. hydrothorax b. hydrocele c. hydropericardium d. hemoptysis
b. Hydrocele
The presence of an embolus in the coronary artery, which supplies blood to the myocardium, might cause which of the following? i.ischemia leading to a myocardial infarction ii.eventual hypoxia of the cells in the myocardium iii. passive hyperemia in the myocardium iv. immediate hydropericardium a. i and II b. ii and iii c. iii and iv d. i and iv
a. i and ii
Marron-colored stool indicates that bleeding is occuring in which portion of the digestive tract? a. esophagus b. stomach c. ileum or jejunum d. rectum
c. ileum or jejunum
Fibrosarcoma
Large, destructivem infiltrating malignant tumors consisting of fibrous tissue
Emaciation
The state of being extremely lean
Leiomyosarcoma
A malignant neoplasm of smooth muscle that commonly metstasizes to the lungs
Papillomas
Wartlike tumors
Basal cell carcinoma
The most common form of skin cancer
Which of the following is true of benign tumors? a.They grow by expansion b. they metastasize, creating secondary foci. c. they cause whole-body changes d. they cause extensive tissue damage
a. They grow by expansion
Which part of the following is another name for a melanocytic nevus? a. wart b. plaque c. mole d. birthmark
c. mole
Which of the following is a benign tumor? a. glioma b. lymphoma c. melanoma d. osteoma
d. osteoma
Which of the following tumors originates from epithelial tissue? a.neuroma b. squamous cell carcinoma c. fibrosarcoma d. Hodgkin's lymphoma
b. Squamous cell carcinoma
Which of the following tumors is found in the urinary tract? a. chondrosarcoma b. angiosarcoma c. rhabdomyosarcoma d. transitional cell carcinoma
d. Transitional cell carcinoma
Phosporus 32
Sometimes used to treat erythrocytosis
Ecchymosis
Bruise
Tinnitis
Ringing in the ears
Intrinsic factor deficiency
Pernicious anemia
Vertigo
Dizziness
Which of the following disorders is caused by the premature rupture of red blood cells? a. sickle cell anemia b. hemolytic anemia c. erythrocytosis d. hemophilia
b. Hemolytic anemia
Which of the following diseases is characterized by a significant decrease in the number if white blood cells? a. leukemia b. leukocytosis c. erythroblastosis fetalis d. leucopenia
d. Leucopenia
Which of the following is a hemorrhagic disorder caused by a decrease in the number of circulating platelets? a. thrombocytopenic purpura b. hemophilia c. thrombosis d. melena
a, Thrombocytopenic purpura
Which of the following is due to a lack of the blood clotting protein factor VIII? a, aplastic anemia. b. hemophilia B c. Christmas disease d. hemophilia A
d. Hemophilia A
Which of the following diseases is believed to have evolved through a genetic alteration to protect the body against malaria? a. leukemia b. thrombocytopenia c. sickle cell anemia d, hemophilia
c. sickle cell anemia