Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
c-myc
Burkitt's lymphoma
bcl-2
follicular and undifferentiated lymphomas (inhibits apoptosis)
erb-B2
breast, ovarian, and gastric carcinomas
ras
colon carcinoma
L-myc
lung tumor
N-myc
neuroblastoma
ret
multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) types II and III
Rb
13q; retinoblastoma, osteosarcoma
BRCA1 and 2
17q, 13q; breast and ovarian cancer
p53
17p; most human cancers, Li Fraumeni syndrome
APC
5q; colorectal cancer (adenomatous polyps and colon cancer)
WT1
11q; Wilms' tumor
NF1
17q; neurofibromatosis type 1
NF2
22q; neurofibromatosis type 2
DPC
18q; colon cancer
DCC
18q; colon cancer
PSA
prostate-specific antigen; prostatic carcinoma; used for screening
CEA
carcinoembryoic antigen; nonspecific, but produced by 70% of colorectal and panc cancers; also produced by gastric and breast carcinomas
alpha-fetoprotein
normally made by fetus; hepatocellular carcinomas; nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis (e.g. yolk sac tumor)
beta-hCG
Hydatidiform moles, Choriocarcinomas, and Gestational trophoblastic tumors
CA-125
ovarian, malignant epithelial tumors
S-100
melanoma, neural tumors, astrocytomas
alkaline phosphatase
metastases to bone, obstructive biliary disease, Paget's disease of bone
bombesin
neuroblastoma, lung and gastric cancer
TRAP
tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase; hairy-cell leukemia--a B cell neoplasm
HTLV-1
(adult) human t-cell leukemia virus
HBV, HCV
hepatocellular carcinoma
EBV
Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma
HPV
cervical carcinoma (types 16, 18), penile/anal carcinoma
HHV-8
= Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus; Kaposi's sarcoma, body cavity fluid B-cell lymphoma
aflatoxins
liver (hepatocellular carcinoma); toxic compounds produced by mold, ex. in peanuts
vinyl chloride
liver (angiosarcoma); flammable gas used in plastics industry
nitrosamines
esophagus, stomach; in various products, tobacco, others
asbestos
lung (mesothelioma and bronchogenic carcinoma); used in fire-proof insulation
arsenic
skin (squamous cell carcinoma); in insecticides, weed killers
CCl4
liver (centrilobular necrosis, fatty change); in fire extinguishers and dry cleaning fluid
naphthalene (aniline) dyes
bladder (transitional cell carcinoma)