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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Accumulation of excess fluid within the interstitial tissues or within the body cavities
Accumulation of excessive blood within the blood vessels of an organ or tissue
Localized region of necrosis caused by reduction of arterial perfusion below a level required for cell viability
A solid mass of clotted blood within an intact blood vessel or chamber of the heart
A mass of solid, liquie, or gas that moves within an intact blood vessel to lodge at a site distant from its place of origin
Occurs when the hypotensive changes diminish arterial blood circulation and thus decrease perfusion so that organs and tissues do not receive adequate oxygen to meet their metabolic needs (tachycardia, hypotension, cool skin, pallor weak pulses)
Anemia (definition & classification)
Decrease in the oxygen-transporting capacity of blood (a symptom of many disorders)
Classification - based on mechanism of production (etiology) and/or erythrocyte morphology (size and hemoglobin pigment)
Anemia (etiology) (4)
GI Tract Disorders (cancer, ulcers)
Excessive Menstruation
Increased Rate of RBC Destruction
aka - Hemolytic
Commonly autoimmune or genetic disorder
Impaired RBC Production
Can occur from chronic diseases, nutritional deficiency, genetic disorders, and bone marrow disorders
Compensations due to anemia (5)
Decrease in peripheral resistance
Increase in cardiac output
Increase in plasma volume
Increase in erythrocyte production
Clinical Manifestations of Anemia (10)
Easily fatigued, pallor, headache, tachycardia, vertigo, dyspnea on exertion, weakness, hypotension, tachypnea, syncope
Treatment of Anemia (4)
Blood Transfusions
Bone Marrow Transplant
Rehabilitation Considerations of Anemia (4)
Avoid sudden changes of position
Educate patient to avoid activities if experiencing vertigo
Educate patient regarding energy conservation
Monitor vital signs
Etiology of Leukocytosis (5)
Infectious Diseases
Inflammation and Tissue Necrosis
Metabolic or chemical Intoxications
Acute Hemorrhage
Normal Protective Response to Physiologic Stressors
Leukocytosis: Normal protective response to physiologic stressors (9)
Strenuous Exercise, Emotional Changes, Temperature Changes, Anesthesia, Surgery, Pregnancy, Drugs, Toxins, Hormones
Clinical Manifestations of Leukocytosis
Depends on underlying etiology
May include signs and symptoms of localized or systemic infection, trauma to the tissue, and/or inflammation
Leukopenia: Etiology - Impaired WBC Production (3)
Nutritional deficiency, certain drugs, bone marrow disorders
Leukopenia: Etiology - Increased Rate of WBC Destruction (4)
Can occur from splenomegaly, autoimmune disorders, overwhelming infections, and certain drugs
Thrombocytopenia: Etiology - Decreased Production of Platelets
Commonly caused by injury or neoplasm affecting the bone marrow
Thrombocytopenia: Etiology - Increased Rate of Platelet Destruction
Commonly autoimmune
Clinical Manifestations: Thrombocytopenia (8)
Peteciae, Epistaxis, Headaches, Hematuria, Ecchymoses, Gum Bleeding, Hemorrhages, Increased Menstruation
Rehabiliation Issues: Thrombocytopenia (3)
Prepare environment to avoid trauma
Avoid physical activity that may lead to trauma
Physical therapy may be held if platelet count is too low
Lab Values: RBC's
Male: 4.5-5.3 (10^6/mm3)
Female: 4.1-5.1 (10^6/mm3)
Lab Values: Hematocrit
Male: 37-49% RBC's
Female: 36-46% RBC's
Lab Values: Hemoglobin
Male: 13-18 g/dL
Female: 12-16 g/dL
Lab Values: WBC's
4500-11000 cells/mm^3
Lab Values: Platelets
150,000 - 400,000 cells/mm^3