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75 Cards in this Set

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A-
AN-
prefix meaning without, or lack of, (e.g., aplasia, lack of growth)
ABSCESS
localized collection of pus in a cavity in tissue
ACHALASIA
failure of relaxation of smooth muscle fibers
ACHLORHYDRIA
absence of hydrochloric acid secretion by stomach
ACUTE
relatively serious and severe; having a brief course
ACUTE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
an acute nonsuppurative inflammatory disease of all glomeruli of both kidneys
ADENOCARCINOMA
malignant tumor arising in glandular epithelium
ADENOMA
benign tumor arising in glandular epithelium
ADHESION
ability to remain together; also, scar tissue joining two parts usually separate
AGENESIS
failure of formation of a body part
ALLERGY
altered capacity to react, especially in regard to foreign protein
AMYLOIDOSIS
a disease characterized by extracellular deposition in connective tissue of a carbohydrate protein material, amyloid
ANAPHYLAXIS
exaggerated or unusual reaction of the organism to foreign protein
ANASARCA
accumulation of fluid in cellular tissues of body; diffuse edema
ANEMIA
reduction or deficiency of blood either in quantity or in quality
ANEURYSM
sac full of blood formed by dilation of the walls of an artery or vein
ANGINA
choking or suffocating sensation or pain
ANGIOMA
a tumor of blood vessels
ANTHRACOSIS
pneumoconiosis or lung-dust disease due to inhalation of coal pigment; coal pigmentation
ANTIBODY
new protein produced by organism in response to foreign protein or other material combining with protein, i.e., antigen
ANTIGEN
foreign protein or material capable of combining with protein which causes body to form a new protein, the antibody
ANURIA
absence of urine production
ARGYRIA
pigmentation due to silver salt
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
group of arterial diseases characterized by thickening of the vessels, frequently with hardening and/or calcification
ARTHRITIS
inflammation of a joint
ASCHOFF BODY
characteristic myocardial connective tissue change in rheumatic fever, cellular collection of mononuclear and giant cells around focus of fibrinoid necrosis
ASCITES
accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity
ASPHYXIA
suffocation; anoxia with increase of carbon dioxide
ATELECTASIS
incomplete expansion, especially of the lungs
ATHEROMA
lesion produced in intima of arteries with focal accumulation of lipids, complex carbohydrates, proteins, blood and blood products, fibrous tissue and calcium deposits and associated with changes in media
ATRESIA
absence or closure of a normal body opening
ATROPHY
decrease in size of cell, tissue, organ, part of or the whole body
AUTO
prefix relating to self or to same individuals; e.g., autograph, transplantation of tissue from one part to another of the same animal
AUTOLYSIS
literally self-lysis, a series of changes following death of an organism
BACTEREMIA
presence of bacteria in the blood
BENIGN
not harmful, not malignant
BRONCHIECTASIS
chronic dilatation of bronchi
BRONCHITIS
inflammation of the bronchi
CACHEXIA
body-wasting plus anemia
CALCIFICATION
deposition of calcium from blood and other body fluids
CALCULUS
concretion occurring within organism, made up in whole or in part of mineral salts
CAPUT MEDUSA
distention of superficial veins of abdomen centering on umbilicus as collateral circulation in portal vein obstruction
CARBUNCLE
compound necrotizing inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissues, usually due to staphylococcal infection
CARCINOGEN
cancer-producing substance or force
CARCINOID
argentaffin tumor, usually of intestinal tract
CARCINOMA
malignant epithelial tumor
CARCINOMA IN SITU
malignant epithelial cells within normal confines or limits in the body; preinvasive carcinoma
CASEATION
type of necrosis in which involved tissue resembles cheese grossly
CEROID
wax-like material found as crystals in disease states
CHARCOT JOINT
damage to joint following nerve injury, as in tabes dorsalis
CHEMOTAXIS
cellular phenomenon of moving toward or away from a certain material
CHONDRO-
prefix referring to cartilage
CHOREA
convulsive nervous movements, both involuntary and irregular
CHRONIC
tending to long course; opposite of acute
CIRRHOSIS
hardening, usually of liver
CLONE
strain of cells deriving from single cell
COAGULATION
process of changing into or being changed into a clot
COMA
depressed consciousness with absence of response to stimuli
COMMUNICATION
transfer of information
COMPATIBLE
capable of coexistence without injury
CONTINUITY
quality of duration, existence over a serial period of time
CONTROL
that which directs, checks or restrains
COR PULMONALE
pulmonary heart disease; disease of heart secondary to disease of lungs or their vessels
CRESCENT
epithelial proliferation in space of Bowman's capsule in subacute and chronic glomerulonephritis
CRETIN
one whose physical and mental development has been retarded or arrested due to thyroid deficiency
CYANOSIS
blueness of the skin, or other part of body, due to insufficient oxygen
CYST
sac containing usually a fluid or semisolid material
CYSTITIS
inflammation of the urinary bladder
DE-
prefix meaning away from
DEFINITION
statement of the precise nature of a thing or meaning of a word
DEGENERATION
retrogressive changes of cells short of necrosis
DEVELOPMENT
series of changes characteristic of organism, including existence over serial period of time, growth and acquisition of new properties
DIABETES
literally "passing through"; increased urine output: diabetes mellitus and insipidus
DIAGNOSIS
determination of the nature of a condition or disease or a hypothetical concept concerning this
DIAPEDESIS
passage of cells through capillary wall