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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abnormal, localized dilation of the aorta
Aortic Aneurysm
Location of most aortic aneurysms
Cause of aortic aneurysms
atherosclerosis-weakening of vascular wall
Risk factors for aortic aneurysms
HTN, smoking, family history, trauma, vasculitis
Diseases/disorders that might causes thoracic and sometimes abdominal aortic aneurysms
Marfan's and syphilis
May start asymptomatic, then deep boring pain in low back, and pulsating tender mass in abdomen
Abdominal aneurysm
Causes hemoptysis, dysphagia, hoarsness, cough secondary to compression
Thoracic aortic aneurysm
Splitting of aortic wall between medial and adventitial layers
Dissecting aortic aneurysm
Risk factors for dissecting aortic aneurysm
HTN, congenital tissure disorders
Sudden onset of tearing ripping sensation in chest, with weak or absent pulse
signs and symptoms of dissecting aortic aneurysm
Extremely high mortality rate
clot formation and acute inflammation in a deep vein
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
associated with venous stasis, hyperactivity of blood coagulation, vascular trauma
may be asymptomatic early, then inflammation, tendernesss, pain, swelling, warmth, skin discoloration
signs and symptoms of DVT
calf pain, with dorsiflexion
Homan's sign (for DVT)
May be precipitated by DVT
pulmonary embolism
chest pain, dyspnea, diaphores, cough
S&S pulmonary embolism
anticoagulatin therapy (heparin, streptokinase), bed rest
medical management for DVT
enlargement of nodes, with or without tenderness
accumulation of fluid, obstruction of lymphatics, swelling
acute bacterial infection spreading through lymph system, streptococcal
Acute lymphangitis
congenital lymphatic disease
Primary lymphatic disease
Aquired due to surgery, trauma, radiation
Secondary Lymphatic disease
abnormal cellular differientation, maturation, growth, forms tumors
new growth capable of invading and destroying tissue, capable of metastasizing
to travel to a distant site in the body and begin a new area of malignant growth
grow slow, do not invade surrounding tissue, mostly non life threatening, can push on structures
benign neoplasms
a malignant neoplasm, malignant tumor
portion of embryonic mesoderm that forms connective tissue of the body
essential functional elements of an organ
supporting tissue or matrix of an organ, region where blood and lymphatics run
usually end in "oma", with the exception of melanoma and few others
benign tumors
malignant tumors from epithelial cells
malignant neoplasms from mesenchymal tissue
number of new cases of cancer each year in US
one million