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63 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
In patients with pancreatic carcinoma who develop jaundice, the tumor would most likely be located in the _____
Head of pancreas
The most frequent site of malignant tumors in the gastrointestinal tract is the _____
Sigmoid Colon
The pancreatic enzyme which breaks down protein in the diet is _____
Amylase
Projectile vomiting in a three week old infant would be most characteristic of ____
Pyloric Stenosis
A complete twisting of a loop of bowel about its mesenteric base of attachment is known as a(n):
Volvulus
The most common lesion producing upper gastrointestinal bleeding in chronic alchoholics is:
Esophageal varices
All of the following are common alterations of blood seen with severe liver disease EXCEPT: Decreased serum albumin, decreased serum fibrinogen, elevated blood urea nitrogen, elevated serum ammonia levels, elevated serum bilirubin
Elevated blood urea nitrogen
Sudden onset of a constant severe epigastric pain that radiates to the back would be most characteristic of:
Acute pancreatitis
The most common malignant tumor that involves the liver would be:
Metastatic carcinoma
T or F: Acute cholecystitis is most often caused by bacterial infection
False
Laennec's cirrhosis is a term used to describe the liver cirrhosis that occurs with:
Chronic alcoholism
Which of the following complication of chronic duodenal ulcers is the most common: hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, malignant transformation, perforation
Hemorrhage
Which of the following would be more characteristic of carcinoma of the caecum as compared to carcinoma of the sigmoid colon: anemia, bowel obstruction, constipation, radiologic "apple core" lesion
anemia
A cobblestone appearance to the bowel muscosa with transmural thickening of the wall of the bowel is the characteristic of :
Regional enteritis
(Crohn's disease)
The most common form of esophagitis is associated with:
recurrent reflux of gastric contents
T or F: Almost all carcinomas of the esophagus are adenocarcinomas
False
The most common cause of esophageal varices is:
alcoholic cirrhosis
The presenting symptoms of esophageal varices are:
Hematemesis
In which type of cirrhosis would antibodies to smooth muscle or mitochondria most likely be demonstrated?
Biliary cirrhosis
An obese 45y/o presents with intermittent RUQ pain and increased flatus. She drinks two 6 packs a day to wash down the tacos KFC and prok chops. Most likely diagnosis:
Cholelithiasis
Transmural thickening of the wall involved segment lending the bowel an inflexible "led pipe" or "rubber hose" quality would describe what disease
Chron's disease
Invagination of a segment of bowel onto an adjacent distal segment describes:
Intussuception
In what autosomal dominant diseases is there an increased risk for development of colon cancer?
Familial multiple polyposis of the colon
Which of the following would be more characteristic of carcinoma of the ceacum as compared to carcinoma of the sigmoid colon?
Anemia
Which complication of chronic duodenal ulcers is the most common?
Hemorrhage
The worst prognosis is associated with carcinoma of the:
Colon
Which disease usually affects the rectum?
Ulcerative colitis
The most frequent site of malignant GI tumors is:
Sigmoid colon
In which of the following locations would you most frequently expect to find mets from adenocarcinoma of the colon?
Small bowel
GI disease that predisposes to the development of colon cancer is:
ulcerative colitis and villous adenoma
A newborn develops explosive watery frothy diarrhea and abnominal distention. Diagnosis is:
Disaccharidase deficiency
Most common section of bowel obstruction is:
N/V
Increased gastric acid production is usually seen:
Chronic duodenal ulcers
Approx 3 weeks after recovering from ST, a 6 y/o male develops malaise, fever, periorbital edema, and rust colored urine. Diagnosis is:
Glomerulonephritis
2 pancreatic enzymes seen in serum in pancreatitis are:
Amylase and lipase
Complications of acute pancreatitis would not include:
cystadenocarcinoma
Majority of pancreatic cancers are located in:
Head of pancreas
Which pancreatic disease would have an increased mortality rate?
Acute pancreatitis
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis occurs more often in males or females?
Males
Most chronic ulcers occur in which part of the duodenum?
First part of duodenum
Which is the most common lesion producing upper GI bleeding in chronic alcoholics?
esophageal varices
The most common GI bleed:
Peptic ulcer
Hepatocellular Carcinoma is often associated with:
pre-existing cirrhosis
Causes of post-hepatic jaundice does not include:
hemolytic anemia
In which of the hepatitis diseases may cancer occur:
Hepatitis B and C
Which hepatitis is found post-transfusion:
Hepatitis C
Esophageal varices and hemorrhoids caused by:
cirrhosis induced portal HTN
Which is least likely cause of cirrhosis?
Hepatic infarction
T or F: Almost all carcinomas of the esophagus are adenocarcinomas
False
The most common cause of esophageal varices is:
alcoholic cirrhosis
The presenting symptoms of esophageal varices are:
Hematemesis
In which type of cirrhosis would antibodies to smooth muscle or mitochondria most likely be demonstrated?
Biliary cirrhosis
An obese 45y/o presents with intermittent RUQ pain and increased flatus. She drinks two 6 packs a day to wash down the tacos KFC and prok chops. Most likely diagnosis:
Cholelithiasis
Transmural thickening of the wall involved segment lending the bowel an inflexible "led pipe" or "rubber hose" quality would describe what disease
Chron's disease
Invagination of a segment of bowel onto an adjacent distal segment describes:
Intussuception
In what autosomal dominant diseases is there an increased risk for development of colon cancer?
Familial multiple polyposis of the colon
Which of the following would be more characteristic of carcinoma of the ceacum as compared to carcinoma of the sigmoid colon?
Anemia
Which complication of chronic duodenal ulcers is the most common?
Hemorrhage
The worst prognosis is associated with carcinoma of the:
Colon
Which disease usually affects the rectum?
Ulcerative colitis
The most frequent site of malignant GI tumors is:
Sigmoid colon
In which of the following locations would you most frequently expect to find mets from adenocarcinoma of the colon?
Small bowel
GI disease that predisposes to the development of colon cancer is:
ulcerative colitis and villous adenoma