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14 Cards in this Set

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cell injury
occurs when environmental changes exceed the capacity of the cell to maintain normal homeostasis through normal cellular adaptations
hydropic swelling
a condition of reversible cell injury characterized by a large, pale cytoplasm and normally located nucleus
atrophy
a decrease in the size and function of a cell or organ
ischemia
interference with the blood supply to tissues
hypertrophy
an increase in the size of a cell/organ accompanied by augmented functional capacity
hyperplasia
an increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue
metaplasia
the conversion of one differential cell type to another
dysplasia
an alteration in the size, shape, and organization of the cellular components of a tissue
coagulative necrosis
changes in cell cytoplasm and the nucleus common to all forms of cellular death
liquefactive necrosis
when a localized collection of acute inflammatory cells produce rapid death and dissolution of a tissue, often resulting in an abscess
fat necrosis
when digestive enzymes are released from injured cells into the extracellular space resulting in digestion of surrounding tissue including adipose cells
caseous necrosis
the typical lesion of tuberculosis in which the dead cells persist indefinitely as amorphous, coarsely granular, eosinophilic debris
fibrinoid necrosis
an alteration of injured blood vessels with the influx and accumulation of plasma proteins
apoptosis
the death of single cells as a result of activation of a genetically programmed suicide pathway