Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pleural Cavity Hemothorax

Pericardial space hemopericardium

Peritoneal cavity hemoperitoneum

Joint space hemarthrosis
Common cause of active hyperemia occurring as a normal response; a pathologic response
Normal physiologic response to an increased functional demand such as heart and skeletal muscle during exercise; pathologically, inflammatory cells release vasoactive chemicals which cause vasodilation resulting in the Atumor, rubor and color of inflammation.
How passive congestion of body organs occurs
A generalized in crease in venous pressure, typically from chronic heart failure, results in slower blood flow and consequent increase in the volume of blood in many organs including liver, spleen and kidneys. It may also occur as a result of venous blockage in a lower extremity (deep vein thrombosis)
Three factors involved in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis.
A: Damage to the endothelium (usually atherosclerosis)

B: Alterations in blood flow from turbulence or slowing in narrowed arteries

C: Increased coagulability of blood (ex. oral contraceptives)
Name the two end results of arterial thrombosis which lead to the highest evidence of morbidity/mortality; give the major complication of thrombi in any location
A: Myocardial infarct and cerebral infarct (stroke)

B: Major complication of infarct is embolism
List the condition that favor the development of deep vein thrombosis
Stasis- due to heart failure, venous insufficiency, prolonged bed rest/immobilizatio

Injury - trauma, surgery, childbirth

Hypercoagulability - oral contraceptives, late pregnancy, cancer

Advanced age

Sickle cell disease
Four ways that pulmonary emboli may present clinically
Asymptomatic -small pulmonary emboli

Transient dyspnea and tacynea without other symtoms

Pulmonary infarct with pleuritic chest pain, hemoptysis and pleural effusion