Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hemorrhage
discharge of blood from vascular compartment to exterior of body or in nonvascular body spaces
hematoma
hemorrhage in soft tissues
pupura
diffuse superficial hemorrhages in skin up to 1 cm
ecchymosis
superficial hemorrhage > 1 cm
petechia
pinpoint hemorrhage usually in skin or conjunctiva
hyperemia
excess amount of blood in an organ
congestion
passive hyperemia, engorgement of an organ with venous blood
thrombosis
formation w/in a vascular space of an aggregate or coagulated blood containing platelets, fibrin and entrapped cellular elements
deep venous thrombosis (DVT)
thrombosis of deep venous system of legs
stasis
stagnation of blood or other fluids
embolus
passage through venous/arterial circulation of any material capable of lodging in a blood vessel, obstructing lumen
decompression sickness
unique form of gas embolism occurring underwater, where. lg amts of inert gas are dissolved in body fluids forming gas bubbles in circulation if diver ascends too rapidly
fat embolism syndrome
caused by severe trauma to fat-containing tissue as occurs in bone fractures, where emboli of fat are released into damaged blood vessels, appears 1-3 days after injury and may cause fatal resp. failure
infarction
an area of ischemic coagulative necrosis produced by total occlusion of an artery
pale infarct
an infarct that becomes soft, light yellow and sharply delineated 1-2 days after initial hyperemia (heart, kidneys, brain, and spleen)
red infarct
distinguised by active bleeding into site of coagulative necrosis from adj. arteries and veins, typpical in organs with dual blood supply (lungs) or extensive collateral circulation (SI, brain)
septic infarct
results with necrosis tissue of an infarct is seeded by pyogenic bacteria and becomes infected
ascites
edema fluid in peritoneal cavity
anasarca
extreme generalized edema with conspicious fluid accumulation in subcutaneous tissue, visceral organs, and body cavities
CHF
syndrome that occurs when heart does not pump an adequate vol. of blood to meet the needs of the body
pulm. edema
increased fluid in alveolar spaces and interstitium of lung causing decreased gas exchange leading to hypoxia and hypercapnia
cardiac tamponade
a precipitious drop in cardiac output caused by pericardial fluid accumulatino