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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
discharge of blood from vascular compartment to exterior of body or in nonvascular body spaces
hemorrhage in soft tissues
diffuse superficial hemorrhages in skin up to 1 cm
superficial hemorrhage > 1 cm
pinpoint hemorrhage usually in skin or conjunctiva
excess amount of blood in an organ
passive hyperemia, engorgement of an organ with venous blood
formation w/in a vascular space of an aggregate or coagulated blood containing platelets, fibrin and entrapped cellular elements
deep venous thrombosis (DVT)
thrombosis of deep venous system of legs
stagnation of blood or other fluids
passage through venous/arterial circulation of any material capable of lodging in a blood vessel, obstructing lumen
decompression sickness
unique form of gas embolism occurring underwater, where. lg amts of inert gas are dissolved in body fluids forming gas bubbles in circulation if diver ascends too rapidly
fat embolism syndrome
caused by severe trauma to fat-containing tissue as occurs in bone fractures, where emboli of fat are released into damaged blood vessels, appears 1-3 days after injury and may cause fatal resp. failure
an area of ischemic coagulative necrosis produced by total occlusion of an artery
pale infarct
an infarct that becomes soft, light yellow and sharply delineated 1-2 days after initial hyperemia (heart, kidneys, brain, and spleen)
red infarct
distinguised by active bleeding into site of coagulative necrosis from adj. arteries and veins, typpical in organs with dual blood supply (lungs) or extensive collateral circulation (SI, brain)
septic infarct
results with necrosis tissue of an infarct is seeded by pyogenic bacteria and becomes infected
edema fluid in peritoneal cavity
extreme generalized edema with conspicious fluid accumulation in subcutaneous tissue, visceral organs, and body cavities
syndrome that occurs when heart does not pump an adequate vol. of blood to meet the needs of the body
pulm. edema
increased fluid in alveolar spaces and interstitium of lung causing decreased gas exchange leading to hypoxia and hypercapnia
cardiac tamponade
a precipitious drop in cardiac output caused by pericardial fluid accumulatino