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14 Cards in this Set

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cell injury
occurs when env. changes exceed the capacity of the cell to maintain normal homeostasis through normal cellular adaptations
hydropic swelling
a condition of reversible cell injury characterized by a large, pale cytoplasm and normall located nucleus
atrophy
a decrease in size and func. or a cell or organ
ischemia
interference with blood supply to tissues
hypertrophy
increase in size of a cell/organ accompanied by augmented functional capacity
hyperplasia
increase in # of cells in organ or tissue
metaplasia
conversion of one differential cell type to another
dysplasia
alteration in size, shape, and organizaton or cellular components of a tissue
coagulative necrosis
changes in cell cytoplasm and nucleus common to all forms of cellular death
liquefactive necrosis
localized collection of acute inflammatory cells produce rapid death and dissolution of a tissue, often resulting in abscess
fat necrosis
digestive enzymes are released from injured cells into extracellular space resulting in digestion of surrounding tissue including adipose cells
caseous necrosis
typical lesion of TB in which the dead cells persist indefinitely as amorphous, coarsely granular, eosinophilic debris
fibrinoid necrosis
an alteration of injured blood vessels with the influx and accumulation of plasma proteins
apoptosis
death of single cells as a result of activation of a genetically programmed suicide pathway