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15 Cards in this Set

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anorexia
lack of appetite.
ascites
accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
borborygmus
gurgling or rumbling sound heard over the large intestine, caused by gas moving through the intestines.
bulimia
eating disorder that is characterized by recurrent binge eating, purging of the food with laxatives and/or vomiting, and persistent overconcern with body shape and weight.
cirrhosis
a chronic disease of the liver.
dysentery
a term applied to a number of intestinal disorders, especially of the colon, characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane.
hermatochezia
passage of stools containing red blood rather than tarry stools.
hemorrhoid
a mass of enlarged, twisted varicose veins in the mucous membrane inside or just outside the rectum. Also known as "piles".
hiatal hernia
protrusion or projection through the diaphragm most commonly involving the stomach at the esophageal opening.
inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
ulceration of mucosa of the colon. Also known as ulcerative colitis.
irritable bowel syndrome
a disturbance of intestinal function of unknown cause. The symptoms usually include an alteration in bowel activity and abdominal discomfort. Also called spastic colon.
jaundice
condition characterized by yellowness of skin, whites of eyes, mucous membranes and body fluids owing to deposition of bile pigment resulting from excess bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia).
ulcer
an open sore or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane, accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue.
volvulus
a twisting of the bowel upon itself, causing obstruction. Usually requires surgery to untwist the loop of bowel.
Crohn's disease
a chronic inflammation of the ileum (regional ileitis), may affect any part of the intestinal tract (regional enteritis). It is distinguished from closely related bowel disorders by its inflammatory pattern.