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53 Cards in this Set

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Hypercalcemia may develop in a pt with:
Hyperparathyroidism
A condition that causes pre-renal failure:
Shock or hypovolemia
Abnormal serum laboratory findings common to pts with acute renal failure are:
increased K+, Crea, BUN
T/F - Abnormal fluid loss from the body occurs with respiration.
FALSE
The primary acid-base disorder associated with renal failure is:
metabolic acidosis
The most common organism causing UTI's is:
E. Coli
Chemical buffer systems function by regulation of:
bicarbonate ions
The mechanism of obstruction or reflux leading to chronic pyelonephritis does not include:
streptococcal infection
A major factor in the pathophysiology of nephrotic syndrome:
loss of protein (albumin)
The following might be a reason for development of kidney stones only in summer months:
warm temps can increase urinary concentration and increase risk of precipitation of stones
Repeating voiding of 25-30 cc of urine is/is not characteristic of urinary retention.
is not
Not a manifestation of a urinary tract infection:
anuria
A commonly performed surgery for a pt with bladder cancer:
total cystectomy with ileal (koch) pouch
It is appropriate to _____ for a pt with a UTI.
increase fluids
The predominate extracellular cation is:
sodium
Edema can occur d/t:
decreased capillary osmostic pressure
The usual element contained in urinary tract calculi is:
calcium
The renal arteries arise from the:
aorta
Examples of metabolic acidosis:
acute renal failure
Ex of metabolic alkylosis:
vomiting
Ex of respiratory acidosis:
Hypoventilation
Ex of respiratory alkylosis:
Hyperventilation
The buffer systems of the body do not include:
intestinal
Which substances do/do not filter thru the glomerulus:
Protein: do not
Blood cells: do not
Water: do
A person with acute pyelonephritis would most typically have:
fever
A total of 70-80% of the water and electrolytes filtered by the kidneys are reabsorbed by the:
proximal tube
Increased GFR means:
increased glomerular hydrostatic pressure (BP)
Polycystic kidney disease is:
genetically transmitted
Consistent with a diagnosis of glomerulonephritis:
Pyuria
Obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction would most likely result in:
hydronephrosis
The triangular area btn the ureteral and urethral openings in the bladder wall is called the:
renal trigone
The following correctly lists the order of structures thru which urine flows after its formation in the nephron:
C.R.U.B.U.
calyx
renal pelvis
ureter
bladder
urethra
Aldosterone acts primarily by causing reabsorption of:
sodium
Prerenal failure=
incompatible blood transfusions
intrarenal failure=
glomerulonephritis
post renal failure=
ureteropelvic structure
Oliguria is defined as uring output:
less than 400 cc/day
Procedure for evaluating the bladder wall by direct vision is called a:
cystoscopy
Normal GFR:
125 cc/minute
T/F - An infant has 100% renal function at birth.
FALSE
Uric acid calculi may be associated with:
gout
The tx used to shatter calculi:
ultrasound
Most urinary tract calculi pass:
spontaneously
T/F - Predisposing factors for renal carcinoma include calculi.
FALSE
Chronic renal failure clinically may show:
hypertension
T/F - Uretero vesical stricture does not contribute to increased incidence of cystitis.
TRUE
T/F - Wilms tumor is mostly seen in adults.
FALSE
Statis of urine flow predisposes to:
infection
calculi
hypertension
Tx of bladder cancer is directly related to:
the depth of the tumor
Ways to excrete fluid in the body:
sweat, urine, emisis, tears, fecal matter
Extracellular fluid in the body is composed of:
1. lymph and interstitial fluid
2. cerebrospinal fluid
3. blood plasma
Ways to evaluate the urinary tract:
urinalysis
xray
ultrasound
Chronic renal failure may show:
hypertension