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12 Cards in this Set

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chronic bronchitis
"blue bloater"

productive cough for >3 consecutive months in 2 or more yrs
emphysema
"pink puffer"

d/t smoking or a1-antitrypsin deficiency
==>incr elastase (can't contract/recoil lungs to exhale air)
bronchiectasis
dilation of bronchi d/t recurrent infxns

often d/t CF, Kartagener's syndrome
Obstructive lung dz's
1. chronic bronchitis
2. emphysema
3. asthma
4. bronchiectasis
restrictive lung dz's
1. poor breathing mechanisms
2. interstitial lung dz's
-ARDS
-neonatal resp distress syndrome (hyaline membrane dz)
-sarcoidosis
-goodpasteur's sndrome
-wegener's granulomatosis
Kartegener's syndrome
dynein arm defect==>immotile cilia==>

*bronchiectasis
*infertility (sperm cannot move)
shelf: pic of ferruginous bodies (asbestos fibers covered with hemosiderin)
asbestosis

(macrophages ingest inhaled asbestos fibers)
lung cancer
Tumors that arise CENTRALLY:
"Small Squamous Sentral"

1. SCC==>ectopic PTH production

2. SmCC==>ectopic ACTH and ADH production

Tumors that arise PERIPHERALLY:
1. AdenoCA (MC)
2. Bronchoalveolar CA
3. Large Cell CA
Pancoast's tumor
-lung CA in apex of lung
-can affect cervical sympathetic plexus==>Horners
Lobar pneumonica
-et
-chat
et=pneumococcus

intra-alveolar exudate
==>consolidation
==>can affect whole lung
bronchopneumonia
-et
-char
et=
SA
Strep pyogenes
H flu
Klebsiella

-infxn in bronchioles spreads to adjacent alveoli
-involves 1 or more lobes
-patchy distribution
interstitial ("atypical," "walking") pneumonia
-Mycoplasma
-viruses (RSV, adenovirus)
-Legionella
-Chlamydia