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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is a ghon complex
found in primary TB only, peripheral subpleural parenchymal + hilar lymph nodes
what is found in primary TB but not secondary, what is found in secondary but not primary what is found in both
Ghon complex, primary often asymptomatic, cavitation, caseation (granulomatous inflammation)
what are they symptoms of secondary TB
fever, hemoptysis, generalized wasting
what is extrapulmonary tuberculosis called and what are 4 common sites
miliary TB, meningitis, pott dz of the spine, paravertebral abscess, psoas abscess
name two causes of acquired atelectasis
bronchial obstruction (tumor), external compression (pleural accumulation of fluid)
are most lung tumors benign or malignant, do they arise most often from lung tissue of extrapulmonary
malignant, extrapulmonary
name 4 causes of bronchogenic carcinoma
smoking, radiation, asbestos, nickel/chromates
name 3 of 5 symptoms of bronchogenic carcinoma, name 3 of 5 clinical features of bronchogenic carcinoma
cough, hemoptysis, bronchial obstruction, atelectasis, pneumonitis.... superior vena cava syndrome (facial swelling, cyanosis, dilated neck veins), pancoast tumor (lung apex) leading to horner syndrome (ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis), hoarseness, pleural effusion bloody, paraneioplastic endocrine syndromes (ACTH, SIADH)
name 3 causes of hemoptysis
TB, malignancy, trauma
name the 4 subcategories of bronchogenic carcinoma, of what origin do all arise
squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, small cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, endodermal origin
which is considered for surgery: small cell or non-small cell
non-small cell
which of the 4 bronchogenic carcinomas is strongly linked to smoking
squamous cell carcinoma, small cell carcinoma
identify where each bronchogenic subtype is located
central - squamous, small, peripheral - bronchial derived, bronchioloalveolar, large cell, major bronchi - carcinoid